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File 4880/1913 Pt 2 'Turco-Persian Frontier Commission: protocol of 1913' [‎154r] (175/499)

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The record is made up of 1 item (248 folios). It was created in 1913. It was written in English and French. The original is part of the British Library: India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. Records and Private Papers.

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[This Document is the Property of His Britannic Majesty's Go ve r»™p»H- 3
fcopy to ErstH&i
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1
PERSIA.
CONFIDENTIAL.
[439471
No. 1.
Section 1.
Constantinople, September 24, 1913.
Mr. Marling to Sir Edward Grey.—(Received September 25 )
(No. 483.) ^ 7
(Telegraphic.) R»
TURCO-PERSIAN frontier.
.Turkish reply received this afternoon. It is a long document with a memorandum
attached.
It raises again a number of the disputed points in “ Russian” part of frontier, but
leaves them generally to be settled by the Delimitation Commission.
Points of more interest to ourselves are as follows :—
In the body of the note recognition of oil companies is restricted to territory
north of Elvend River.
In the memorandum, frontier line from Sirvan to Mendeli is accepted with two
observations—
1. It corrects line as shown in firman A Persian word meaning a royal order or decree issued by a sovereign, used notably in the Ottoman Empire (sometimes written ‘phirmaund’). attached to identic notes of 18th August
asserting that line should cross Elvend River at a point a quarter-of-an-hour down
stream from its confluence with the Guilan River. This change seems of small
importance.
2. It asserts that Moukata [group undecypherablej of [?] Neft {le., [?] Neft
Meidan) is at a point 1 centim. [group undecypherable] ed on reduced map west from
the point where longitude 45° [group undecypherable] cuts the Neft Sou (see my
despatch No. 720 of 14th August). According to the original identic map this sphere
of influence does not cut the above-mentioned stream at all. The alteration is of some
territorial importance, but it might be of importance to the oil company if their rights
were to be recognised south of the Elvend River.
The note states that the Turkish commissioners have been appointed.
The Russian Ambassador is inclined to accept the note and trust to our being
able to make good our desiderata in drawing up the final protocol.
Copy of note by messenger to-morrow, and copy to Tehran by post.
(Sent to Tehran.)
[1870 66—1]

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Content

Correspondence, reports and maps relating to the 1913 Turco-Persian Frontier Commission, and the production of the Protocole relative à la Délimitation turco-persane, signé à Constantinople le 4 (17) Novembre, 1913 .

The primary correspondents are: HM Consul-General at Teheran (Sir Walter Beaupre Townley); HM Consul-General at Constantinople; HM Vice-Consul at Kashr-i Shirin (E B Soane); the India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. Political Department; the Turkish Minister for Foreign Affairs (Said Halim); the Russian Consul-General in Baghdad (M Orlof); the Russian Ambassador to the UK (Count Von Benckendorff); HM Secretary of State for Foreign Affairs (Sir Edward Grey); and Albert Charles Wratislaw, head of the British section of the Commission.

The file opens with correspondence regarding reported Turkish military build-up in Kasr-i Shirin [Qaṣr-e Shīrīn], disturbances on the Baghdad-Kermaāshāh route, local raids by Persian and Turkish tribesmen, possible concessions to Turkey in the Zohab [Zohāb] district, and the difficulty of reaching an agreement which would be acceptable to Sunni and Shia tribes in the Zohab region. A map of the Zohab region is included at folio 305.

The bulk of the file concerns arrangements for the Frontier Commission, discussing: the push for a settlement; the composition of the British, Russian, Turkish and Persian commissions; the need to use surveying and triangulation to improve on pre-existing, inaccurate maps; the wording of the internal rules [ Règlement Intérieur ] to govern the Commission; arrangements over work to be conducted by the northern and southern sections of the Commission; and arrangements to preserve the rights of the Anglo-Persian Oil Company in regions to be transferred to Turkey.

Key items:

Folios 224-29 Declaration regarding the frontier, signed by Sir Edward Grey and I Hakky Pasha, with four accompanying maps:

  • Map No 1, Sketch Map showing Turco-Persian Frontier West and South of Hawizeh [Howeyzeh];
  • Map No 2, Sketch Map of Muhammareh [Khorramshar] to indicate the Turco-Persian Boundary;
  • Map No 3, Sheet No I, Map of Shatt-Al-'Arab & Bahmanshir [Rūdkhāneh-ye Bahmanshīr] including Muhammareh [Khorramshar] & 'Abbádán I [Ābādān];
  • Map No 4, Sheet No II, Map of Shatt-Al-'Arab & Bahmanshir, including Muhammareh & 'Abbádán I.

Folios 68-87 Copy of the Protocole relative à la Délimitation turco-persane, signé à Constantinople le 4 (17) Novembre, 1913, plus: additional copies of the four maps detailed above; Annex (A), Règlement intérieur de la Commission de Délimitation de la Frontière turco-persane ; Annex (B) Statement by the Ottoman Government pledging to maintain, within the territories granted by Persia to Turkey, the rights and obligations granted to the Anglo-Persian Oil Company Ltd by the Persian Imperial Government under the Convention of 28 May, 1901; also included are notes on the meetings of the frontier delegates at Constantinople, 4-9 November, written by the British Commissioner, Albert Charles Wratislaw.

Folio 67 is a collection header sheet, giving the subject heading and a list of correspondence references found within the part, listed by year.

Extent and format
1 item (248 folios)
Arrangement

The papers are arranged in rough chronological order from the rear to the front of the section

Written in
English and French in Latin script
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File 4880/1913 Pt 2 'Turco-Persian Frontier Commission: protocol of 1913' [‎154r] (175/499), British Library: India Office Records and Private Papers, IOR/L/PS/10/430/2, in Qatar Digital Library <https://www.qdl.qa/archive/81055/vdc_100040878370.0x000071> [accessed 16 October 2019]

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