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File 4880/1913 Pt 2 'Turco-Persian Frontier Commission: protocol of 1913' [‎304r] (475/499)

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The record is made up of 1 item (248 folios). It was created in 1913. It was written in English and French. The original is part of the British Library: India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. Records and Private Papers.

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[This Document is the Property of His Britannic Majesty’s Government]
PERSIA.
CONFIDENTIAL.
i.J''
: [December 16.]
Section 1.
^ ''—7
[53486] No. 1.
Sir G. Lowther to Sir Edward Grey.—(Received December 16.)
(No. 1060.)
Sir, Constantinople, December 12, 1912.
WITH reference to Mr. Mailing’s telegram No. 382 of the 20th September last
and to Sir G. Buchanan’s telegram No. 342 of the 27th of the same month, I have the
honour to transmit to you herewith the copy of a despatch which I have received from
His Majesty’s acting consul-general at Bagdad, enclosing a letter addressed to him by
M. Orlof, Russian consul-general in Bagdad, and of a report by Mr. Soane, His
Majesty’s vice-consul at Kasr-i-Shirin, accompanied by a map, on the subject of the
possible cessions of territory by Persia to Turkey in the district of Zohab.
I would propose to defer my observations on these suggestions made by Mr. Soane
and M. Orlof pending the receipt of certain additional information for which I have
telegraphed to Bagdad, as both the question of the boundary of Shemiran denoted by
the yellow line on Mr. Soane’s map and that of the exact limits of the Bagcha and
Zatar districts to the south of the River Elwend would seem to require further
elucidation.
I would beg that, if it should be considered desirable to print the map annexed to
Mr. Soane’s report, copies may be sent to me for the use of this Embassy.
I have, &c.
GERARD LOWTHER.
Enclosure 1 in No. 1.
Consul-General Scott to Sir G. Loivther.
gj r Bagdad, November 11, 1912.
I HAVE the honour to submit, for your Excellency’s information, two copies of
the enclosed documents. ‘ ,
2. The last reference on this subject was my telegram No. 97 dated the ilth
November, 1912.
[ llcIVO &c
'NORMAN SCOTT, Captain, I.M.S., Officiating
Political Resident A senior ranking political representative (equivalent to a Consul General) from the diplomatic corps of the Government of India or one of its subordinate provincial governments, in charge of a Political Residency. in Turkish Arabia, and
His Britannic Majesty's Consul-General,
Bagdad.
Enclosure 2 in No. 1.
Report by Vice-Consul Soane.
Proposition 1. (Refer to sketch map of Zohab.)
THE line here taken is based solely on the consideration of leaving the oil
concession in Persian territory. Incidentally it leaves the Guran nomads their present
winter pasturages in Kuretu, which they have illegally occupied, their hereditary
pastures being to the east of the line proposed by the mediating commissioners.
Against this proposition lies th e very small cession thereby made to luikqv, and
the necessity of ceding a L*^V^S^-,some other place less suitable than the district
of Kuretu. /ofr' ""
2 JAN IS rr n O V T n p ’ A a
[2729 q—l]
JAN 1913
I SECRETARY’S N 2 1

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Content

Correspondence, reports and maps relating to the 1913 Turco-Persian Frontier Commission, and the production of the Protocole relative à la Délimitation turco-persane, signé à Constantinople le 4 (17) Novembre, 1913 .

The primary correspondents are: HM Consul-General at Teheran (Sir Walter Beaupre Townley); HM Consul-General at Constantinople; HM Vice-Consul at Kashr-i Shirin (E B Soane); the India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. Political Department; the Turkish Minister for Foreign Affairs (Said Halim); the Russian Consul-General in Baghdad (M Orlof); the Russian Ambassador to the UK (Count Von Benckendorff); HM Secretary of State for Foreign Affairs (Sir Edward Grey); and Albert Charles Wratislaw, head of the British section of the Commission.

The file opens with correspondence regarding reported Turkish military build-up in Kasr-i Shirin [Qaṣr-e Shīrīn], disturbances on the Baghdad-Kermaāshāh route, local raids by Persian and Turkish tribesmen, possible concessions to Turkey in the Zohab [Zohāb] district, and the difficulty of reaching an agreement which would be acceptable to Sunni and Shia tribes in the Zohab region. A map of the Zohab region is included at folio 305.

The bulk of the file concerns arrangements for the Frontier Commission, discussing: the push for a settlement; the composition of the British, Russian, Turkish and Persian commissions; the need to use surveying and triangulation to improve on pre-existing, inaccurate maps; the wording of the internal rules [ Règlement Intérieur ] to govern the Commission; arrangements over work to be conducted by the northern and southern sections of the Commission; and arrangements to preserve the rights of the Anglo-Persian Oil Company in regions to be transferred to Turkey.

Key items:

Folios 224-29 Declaration regarding the frontier, signed by Sir Edward Grey and I Hakky Pasha, with four accompanying maps:

  • Map No 1, Sketch Map showing Turco-Persian Frontier West and South of Hawizeh [Howeyzeh];
  • Map No 2, Sketch Map of Muhammareh [Khorramshar] to indicate the Turco-Persian Boundary;
  • Map No 3, Sheet No I, Map of Shatt-Al-'Arab & Bahmanshir [Rūdkhāneh-ye Bahmanshīr] including Muhammareh [Khorramshar] & 'Abbádán I [Ābādān];
  • Map No 4, Sheet No II, Map of Shatt-Al-'Arab & Bahmanshir, including Muhammareh & 'Abbádán I.

Folios 68-87 Copy of the Protocole relative à la Délimitation turco-persane, signé à Constantinople le 4 (17) Novembre, 1913, plus: additional copies of the four maps detailed above; Annex (A), Règlement intérieur de la Commission de Délimitation de la Frontière turco-persane ; Annex (B) Statement by the Ottoman Government pledging to maintain, within the territories granted by Persia to Turkey, the rights and obligations granted to the Anglo-Persian Oil Company Ltd by the Persian Imperial Government under the Convention of 28 May, 1901; also included are notes on the meetings of the frontier delegates at Constantinople, 4-9 November, written by the British Commissioner, Albert Charles Wratislaw.

Folio 67 is a collection header sheet, giving the subject heading and a list of correspondence references found within the part, listed by year.

Extent and format
1 item (248 folios)
Arrangement

The papers are arranged in rough chronological order from the rear to the front of the section

Written in
English and French in Latin script
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File 4880/1913 Pt 2 'Turco-Persian Frontier Commission: protocol of 1913' [‎304r] (475/499), British Library: India Office Records and Private Papers, IOR/L/PS/10/430/2, in Qatar Digital Library <https://www.qdl.qa/archive/81055/vdc_100040878372.0x00000d> [accessed 18 October 2019]

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