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Coll 6/66 'Saudi-Arabia: Saudi-Transjordan Frontier' [‎74r] (147/427)

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The record is made up of 1 file (212 folios). It was created in 3 Apr 1934-6 Mar 1940. It was written in English. The original is part of the British Library: India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. Records and Private Papers.

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-22-
71 fftl
(&)
Extract from a Secret Semi-official letter from
Mr. Heap, War Office, to Mr. Blaxter, dated the
11th February, 1936.
x x 35
3. Hall's third paragraph is puzzling as regards
the discrepancies between Holt’s survey, G. S. G« S.
and the Damascus sheet in the positioning of the track
from Amman to the Iraq. Trans-Jordan frontier. On tne
G. S. G. So 3937 series this track was plotted from air
photographs, and controlled by fixes made by Major Brown.
The track appears only on sheets 13 and 14, and will
appear on sheets 15 and 16 when and if they are published.
For the Damascus l/M sheet this track was taken direct
off the published sheets 13 and 14 of G. S. G.S. 3937 and
the compilations of sheets 15 and 16, and so should (and
as far as we can see does) agree exactly with G. S. G. S.
3937. The eastern end of this track as shown on the
Damascus sheet was taken from Holt's survey of 1922,
controlled by the position of the track as shown on
G. S.G. S. 3937 and by the Iraq Survey Department’s fix
of Jebel Aneiza and its vicinity. The necessary adjust
ment to make Holt's work fit the control was negligible.
In brief, we cannot detect the "considerable differences"
which are referred to in the third paragraph of Hall's
letter as far as Holt, G.S.G.S. 3937 and the l/M Damascus
sheet are concerned. We cannot, however discover what
he means by the "air survey from Aimnan to Rutba".
G.S. G.S. 3937 was as stated above compiled from air
photographs which did not, however, extend as far as
Rutba, so that it would appear that the air survey to
which Hall refers is yet another map. If so, we should
very much like a copy with a brief description as to how

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Content

This file primarily concerns British policy on the question of the Saudi-Transjordan frontier, specifically the frontier between Transjordan and Nejd, as initially outlined in the Hadda Agreement of 1925.

The correspondence includes discussion of the following:

  • The reported disaffection of certain Saudi tribes in the Jauf [Al Jawf] and Teima [Taymā’] areas.
  • Difficulties arising from inaccuracies discovered on a 1918 map of the frontier, on which the Hadda agreement was based.
  • Saudi Government complaints regarding the alleged violation of the Saudi frontier by British aeroplanes and soldiers at Thaniyya Taraif [Thanīyat Ţurayf, Saudi Arabia].
  • A proposal made by Fuad Bey Hamza, Deputy Minister for Saudi Foreign Affairs, during a meeting at the Foreign Office in July 1935, that the frontier should be that which is shown on the 1918 map, regardless of the map's inaccuracies (a proposal that the British authorities in Transjordan encourage the Foreign Office to accept).
  • Reports of infringements of the existing frontier by Saudi patrols.
  • The British response to Ibn Saud's [‘Abd al-‘Azīz bin ‘Abd al-Raḥmān bin Fayṣal Āl Sa‘ūd] claim to the districts of Akaba [Aqaba] and Maan [Ma‘ān] in Transjordan.

The file also includes the following:

  • Compiled notes of correspondence relating to the Treaty of Jedda (1927) and its modification (and more specifically, to the question of the Hejaz-Transjordan frontier) exchanged between Sir Gilbert Clayton and Ibn Saud (1927), and between the Secretary of State for Foreign Affairs and the Minister for Saudi Foreign Affairs (1936).
  • Copies of the minutes of meetings of the Committee of Imperial Defence's Standing Official Sub-Committee for Questions Concerning the Middle East, concerning the Saudi-Transjordan frontier (and, in one instance, also addressing the Island of Tamb in the Persian Gulf Historically used by the British to refer to the sea area between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran. Often referred to as The Gulf or the Arabian Gulf. ).
  • Copies of the minutes of interdepartmental meetings regarding the Saudi-Transjordan frontier, held at the Colonial Office (7 January 1935) and Foreign Office (28 September 1934) respectively.
  • Two sketch maps depicting disputed territory near the frontier.

The file features the following principal correspondents: His Majesty's Minister at Jedda (Sir Andrew Ryan, succeeded by Sir Reader William Bullard); His Majesty's Chargé d'Affaires to Jedda (Albert Spencer Calvert); John Bagot Glubb, Acting Officer Commanding the Arab Legion; the Air Officer Commanding Palestine and Transjordan (Richard Edmund Charles Peirse); the Saudi Minister of Foreign Affairs [Fayṣal bin ‘Abd al-‘Azīz Āl Sa‘ūd]; officials of the Foreign Office, the Colonial Office, the Air Ministry, and the War Office.

The file includes a divider which gives a list of correspondence references contained in the file by year. This is placed at the back of the correspondence (folio 2).

Extent and format
1 file (212 folios)
Arrangement

The papers are arranged in approximate chronological order from the rear to the front of the file.

Physical characteristics

Foliation: the foliation sequence (used for referencing) commences at the inside front cover with 1, and terminates at the last folio with 213; these numbers are written in pencil, are circled, and are located in the top right corner of the recto The front of a sheet of paper or leaf, often abbreviated to 'r'. side of each folio. An additional foliation sequence is present in parallel between ff 2-209; these numbers are also written in pencil, but are not circled.

Written in
English in Latin script
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Coll 6/66 'Saudi-Arabia: Saudi-Transjordan Frontier' [‎74r] (147/427), British Library: India Office Records and Private Papers, IOR/L/PS/12/2133, in Qatar Digital Library <https://www.qdl.qa/archive/81055/vdc_100040939863.0x000094> [accessed 18 September 2019]

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