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Coll 6/66 'Saudi-Arabia: Saudi-Transjordan Frontier' [‎112r] (223/427)

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The record is made up of 1 file (212 folios). It was created in 3 Apr 1934-6 Mar 1940. It was written in English. The original is part of the British Library: India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. Records and Private Papers.

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. v,, «
of the Jebel Tu'baik massif in Transjordan, it might he
difficult to ensure that ar^ recognisable physical feature
which v j as in fact marked well to the east of the frontier
on the 1918 map should he accepted as falling within Trans
jordan even if it formed an integral part of that massif,.
This meant that the eminence known as Thaila Maizila, which
was shown to the east of the frontier line in the 1918 map,
ana the position of which on the new correct map, was
approximately unchanged in relation to the other features
hut which was of great importance since the Transjordan car
track made a loop round the eastern edge of it, might he
difficult to secure for Transjordan* On the other hand if
the question were taken on its broadest lines on the basis
of the intentions of the negotiators and taking into con
sideration the alignment of the oe f acto frontier, there
seemed a good hope of securing this loop of the car track*
vnm GOLCviANkER PIRIE, although agreeing that we should
base our case on the principle of the intentions of the
negotiators, referred to the views of the High Commissioner
for Transjordan that a re-definition of the boundaries, whilst
endangering our position relative to the Transjordan car
track, might result in Transjordan losing Hazim if point A
were moved to the summit of Jebel Anaiza.
In reply to the Chairman, MR. RENDER said that possibly
the War Office, in hestiating to accept the argument about
the intentions of the negotiators, had in mind the principle
on which His Majesty’s Government were accustomed to act,
that the intentions of the negotiators should net normally
be taken into account when interpreting the terms of an
international instrument. That principle certainly held
good as regards instruments whose terms were clearly intel
ligible. In the present case, however, the document
contained contradictions (e*g. , the reference to tne
-2-

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Content

This file primarily concerns British policy on the question of the Saudi-Transjordan frontier, specifically the frontier between Transjordan and Nejd, as initially outlined in the Hadda Agreement of 1925.

The correspondence includes discussion of the following:

  • The reported disaffection of certain Saudi tribes in the Jauf [Al Jawf] and Teima [Taymā’] areas.
  • Difficulties arising from inaccuracies discovered on a 1918 map of the frontier, on which the Hadda agreement was based.
  • Saudi Government complaints regarding the alleged violation of the Saudi frontier by British aeroplanes and soldiers at Thaniyya Taraif [Thanīyat Ţurayf, Saudi Arabia].
  • A proposal made by Fuad Bey Hamza, Deputy Minister for Saudi Foreign Affairs, during a meeting at the Foreign Office in July 1935, that the frontier should be that which is shown on the 1918 map, regardless of the map's inaccuracies (a proposal that the British authorities in Transjordan encourage the Foreign Office to accept).
  • Reports of infringements of the existing frontier by Saudi patrols.
  • The British response to Ibn Saud's [‘Abd al-‘Azīz bin ‘Abd al-Raḥmān bin Fayṣal Āl Sa‘ūd] claim to the districts of Akaba [Aqaba] and Maan [Ma‘ān] in Transjordan.

The file also includes the following:

  • Compiled notes of correspondence relating to the Treaty of Jedda (1927) and its modification (and more specifically, to the question of the Hejaz-Transjordan frontier) exchanged between Sir Gilbert Clayton and Ibn Saud (1927), and between the Secretary of State for Foreign Affairs and the Minister for Saudi Foreign Affairs (1936).
  • Copies of the minutes of meetings of the Committee of Imperial Defence's Standing Official Sub-Committee for Questions Concerning the Middle East, concerning the Saudi-Transjordan frontier (and, in one instance, also addressing the Island of Tamb in the Persian Gulf Historically used by the British to refer to the sea area between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran. Often referred to as The Gulf or the Arabian Gulf. ).
  • Copies of the minutes of interdepartmental meetings regarding the Saudi-Transjordan frontier, held at the Colonial Office (7 January 1935) and Foreign Office (28 September 1934) respectively.
  • Two sketch maps depicting disputed territory near the frontier.

The file features the following principal correspondents: His Majesty's Minister at Jedda (Sir Andrew Ryan, succeeded by Sir Reader William Bullard); His Majesty's Chargé d'Affaires to Jedda (Albert Spencer Calvert); John Bagot Glubb, Acting Officer Commanding the Arab Legion; the Air Officer Commanding Palestine and Transjordan (Richard Edmund Charles Peirse); the Saudi Minister of Foreign Affairs [Fayṣal bin ‘Abd al-‘Azīz Āl Sa‘ūd]; officials of the Foreign Office, the Colonial Office, the Air Ministry, and the War Office.

The file includes a divider which gives a list of correspondence references contained in the file by year. This is placed at the back of the correspondence (folio 2).

Extent and format
1 file (212 folios)
Arrangement

The papers are arranged in approximate chronological order from the rear to the front of the file.

Physical characteristics

Foliation: the foliation sequence (used for referencing) commences at the inside front cover with 1, and terminates at the last folio with 213; these numbers are written in pencil, are circled, and are located in the top right corner of the recto The front of a sheet of paper or leaf, often abbreviated to 'r'. side of each folio. An additional foliation sequence is present in parallel between ff 2-209; these numbers are also written in pencil, but are not circled.

Written in
English in Latin script
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Coll 6/66 'Saudi-Arabia: Saudi-Transjordan Frontier' [‎112r] (223/427), British Library: India Office Records and Private Papers, IOR/L/PS/12/2133, in Qatar Digital Library <https://www.qdl.qa/archive/81055/vdc_100040939864.0x000018> [accessed 16 September 2019]

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