Coll 6/66 'Saudi-Arabia: Saudi-Transjordan Frontier' [113r] (225/427)
The record is made up of 1 file (212 folios). It was created in 3 Apr 1934-6 Mar 1940. It was written in English. The original is part of the British Library: India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. Records and Private Papers.
This transcription is created automatically. It may contain errors.
terminal point of the Iraq-Nejd frontier) ana, "being based
on a wholly inaccurate map, coula only be interpretea in
the light of further data of some kind. In these circum
stances the Legal Advisers to the Foreign Office considered
that it would be proper, and indeed necessary, to interpret
the document in the light of the negotiators’ intentions.
MR. WILLIAMS referred to the fact that we had not
yet replied to the Saudi Government’s note about Hazim,
referred to in Sir Andrew Ryan’s telegram dated 6th March.
The reason was that it had been thought advisable to await
the result of this general discussion on the Transjordan
boundary, but there was no doubt that the intention of the
negotiators of the Hadda agreement had been to include
Hazim in Transjordan.
In reply to the Chairman, WING COMTvIANLER PIRIE said
that it was quite possible that a re-definition of the
boundary points A to B incurred the risk of Hazim being
shown on the wrong side.
MRo RENDER explained that the position of Hazim in
relation to the frontier might conceivably be affected
by an redrawing of the line between points A and B, as a
result of the altered position of the Jebel Anaiza which
had now been found to be some 20 miles to the north-east
of the geographical point A. But this variation
would only take the line a very little way northwards
at its western end, and it seemed most improbable,
therefore, that the revised line could go so far north
as to affect Hazim, unless the position of Hazim itself
was wrong. Moreover, as Hazim was a definite and
recognisable physical feature and the 1918 line had
been clearly drawn to the south of it, it seemed clear that
it was the intention of the negotiators that it should be
About this item
This file primarily concerns British policy on the question of the Saudi-Transjordan frontier, specifically the frontier between Transjordan and Nejd, as initially outlined in the Hadda Agreement of 1925.
The correspondence includes discussion of the following:
- The reported disaffection of certain Saudi tribes in the Jauf [Al Jawf] and Teima [Taymā’] areas.
- Difficulties arising from inaccuracies discovered on a 1918 map of the frontier, on which the Hadda agreement was based.
- Saudi Government complaints regarding the alleged violation of the Saudi frontier by British aeroplanes and soldiers at Thaniyya Taraif [Thanīyat Ţurayf, Saudi Arabia].
- A proposal made by Fuad Bey Hamza, Deputy Minister for Saudi Foreign Affairs, during a meeting at the Foreign Office in July 1935, that the frontier should be that which is shown on the 1918 map, regardless of the map's inaccuracies (a proposal that the British authorities in Transjordan encourage the Foreign Office to accept).
- Reports of infringements of the existing frontier by Saudi patrols.
- The British response to Ibn Saud's [‘Abd al-‘Azīz bin ‘Abd al-Raḥmān bin Fayṣal Āl Sa‘ūd] claim to the districts of Akaba [Aqaba] and Maan [Ma‘ān] in Transjordan.
The file also includes the following:
- Compiled notes of correspondence relating to the Treaty of Jedda (1927) and its modification (and more specifically, to the question of the Hejaz-Transjordan frontier) exchanged between Sir Gilbert Clayton and Ibn Saud (1927), and between the Secretary of State for Foreign Affairs and the Minister for Saudi Foreign Affairs (1936).
- Copies of the minutes of meetings of the Committee of Imperial Defence's Standing Official Sub-Committee for Questions Concerning the Middle East, concerning the Saudi-Transjordan frontier (and, in one instance, also addressing the Island of Tamb in the Persian Gulf Historically used by the British to refer to the sea area between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran. Often referred to as The Gulf or the Arabian Gulf. ).
- Copies of the minutes of interdepartmental meetings regarding the Saudi-Transjordan frontier, held at the Colonial Office (7 January 1935) and Foreign Office (28 September 1934) respectively.
- Two sketch maps depicting disputed territory near the frontier.
The file features the following principal correspondents: His Majesty's Minister at Jedda (Sir Andrew Ryan, succeeded by Sir Reader William Bullard); His Majesty's Chargé d'Affaires to Jedda (Albert Spencer Calvert); John Bagot Glubb, Acting Officer Commanding the Arab Legion; the Air Officer Commanding Palestine and Transjordan (Richard Edmund Charles Peirse); the Saudi Minister of Foreign Affairs [Fayṣal bin ‘Abd al-‘Azīz Āl Sa‘ūd]; officials of the Foreign Office, the Colonial Office, the Air Ministry, and the War Office.
The file includes a divider which gives a list of correspondence references contained in the file by year. This is placed at the back of the correspondence (folio 2).
- Extent and format
- 1 file (212 folios)
The papers are arranged in approximate chronological order from the rear to the front of the file.
- Physical characteristics
Foliation: the foliation sequence (used for referencing) commences at the inside front cover with 1, and terminates at the last folio with 213; these numbers are written in pencil, are circled, and are located in the top right corner of the recto The front of a sheet of paper or leaf, often abbreviated to 'r'. side of each folio. An additional foliation sequence is present in parallel between ff 2-209; these numbers are also written in pencil, but are not circled.
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- Coll 6/66 'Saudi-Arabia: Saudi-Transjordan Frontier'
- front, front-i, 2r:5v, 7r:7v, 9r:79v, 81r:172v, 174r:213v, back
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