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Coll 6/66 'Saudi-Arabia: Saudi-Transjordan Frontier' [‎130r] (259/427)

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The record is made up of 1 file (212 folios). It was created in 3 Apr 1934-6 Mar 1940. It was written in English. The original is part of the British Library: India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. Records and Private Papers.

Transcription

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importance until the present juncture) there seemed everything
to he said for letting him take over. In reply to a question*
he said that our general principle in this area v/as not to
interfere in the internal affairs of the Sheikhs more than
v/e could help and not to endeavour to holster up Sheikhs v/ho
were not strong enough to stand on their own. So far as
their external relations were concerned^ our principal concern
was to ensure that they had no dealings v/ith any foreign powers
and that they did not sell or cede any territory save to His
Majesty’s Government.
COLONEL ADAM said he was in entire agreement with the
India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. views.
CONC L USION (l l).
THE SUB-COMMITTEE agreed -
(a) To recommend that His Majesty’s u-ovemment
should not agree to payment of rent to the
Sheikh of Has-al-Khaimah for the lighthouse
on the island of famh or to any other
financial inducement to him to re-hoist his
flag,;
(h) That there were objections to the temporary or
permanent occupation of Tamb by His Majesty’s
Government in view of the claims of the
Sheikh of Sharjah;
(c) That in the circumstances they recommend that
the Sheikh of Ras-al-Khaimah should be re
quired to re-hoist his flag and replace^the
guard v/ithin a period of ten days* failing
which His Majesty’s Government should authorise
the Sheikh of Sharjah to hoist his flag* on
the understanding that he will keep it hoisted
and maintain a guard. The Resident in the
Persian Gulf Historically used by the British to refer to the sea area between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran. Often referred to as The Gulf or the Arabian Gulf. to be left discretion as to
whether the ultimatum to Ras-al-Khaimah
should contain -
(i) a warning that failing compliance the
Sheikh of Sharjah will be allowed to
hoist his flag; or
(ii) a statement that His Majesty's govern
ment will take such action as they
think fit;
If the Resident chooses alternative (ii) he
should let it be known locally simultaneously
with the issue of the ultimatum that the,
intentions of His Majesty's Government are as
laid down in alternative (i).
Whitehall Gardens* S.W.l. *
8th March, 1935.

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Content

This file primarily concerns British policy on the question of the Saudi-Transjordan frontier, specifically the frontier between Transjordan and Nejd, as initially outlined in the Hadda Agreement of 1925.

The correspondence includes discussion of the following:

  • The reported disaffection of certain Saudi tribes in the Jauf [Al Jawf] and Teima [Taymā’] areas.
  • Difficulties arising from inaccuracies discovered on a 1918 map of the frontier, on which the Hadda agreement was based.
  • Saudi Government complaints regarding the alleged violation of the Saudi frontier by British aeroplanes and soldiers at Thaniyya Taraif [Thanīyat Ţurayf, Saudi Arabia].
  • A proposal made by Fuad Bey Hamza, Deputy Minister for Saudi Foreign Affairs, during a meeting at the Foreign Office in July 1935, that the frontier should be that which is shown on the 1918 map, regardless of the map's inaccuracies (a proposal that the British authorities in Transjordan encourage the Foreign Office to accept).
  • Reports of infringements of the existing frontier by Saudi patrols.
  • The British response to Ibn Saud's [‘Abd al-‘Azīz bin ‘Abd al-Raḥmān bin Fayṣal Āl Sa‘ūd] claim to the districts of Akaba [Aqaba] and Maan [Ma‘ān] in Transjordan.

The file also includes the following:

  • Compiled notes of correspondence relating to the Treaty of Jedda (1927) and its modification (and more specifically, to the question of the Hejaz-Transjordan frontier) exchanged between Sir Gilbert Clayton and Ibn Saud (1927), and between the Secretary of State for Foreign Affairs and the Minister for Saudi Foreign Affairs (1936).
  • Copies of the minutes of meetings of the Committee of Imperial Defence's Standing Official Sub-Committee for Questions Concerning the Middle East, concerning the Saudi-Transjordan frontier (and, in one instance, also addressing the Island of Tamb in the Persian Gulf Historically used by the British to refer to the sea area between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran. Often referred to as The Gulf or the Arabian Gulf. ).
  • Copies of the minutes of interdepartmental meetings regarding the Saudi-Transjordan frontier, held at the Colonial Office (7 January 1935) and Foreign Office (28 September 1934) respectively.
  • Two sketch maps depicting disputed territory near the frontier.

The file features the following principal correspondents: His Majesty's Minister at Jedda (Sir Andrew Ryan, succeeded by Sir Reader William Bullard); His Majesty's Chargé d'Affaires to Jedda (Albert Spencer Calvert); John Bagot Glubb, Acting Officer Commanding the Arab Legion; the Air Officer Commanding Palestine and Transjordan (Richard Edmund Charles Peirse); the Saudi Minister of Foreign Affairs [Fayṣal bin ‘Abd al-‘Azīz Āl Sa‘ūd]; officials of the Foreign Office, the Colonial Office, the Air Ministry, and the War Office.

The file includes a divider which gives a list of correspondence references contained in the file by year. This is placed at the back of the correspondence (folio 2).

Extent and format
1 file (212 folios)
Arrangement

The papers are arranged in approximate chronological order from the rear to the front of the file.

Physical characteristics

Foliation: the foliation sequence (used for referencing) commences at the inside front cover with 1, and terminates at the last folio with 213; these numbers are written in pencil, are circled, and are located in the top right corner of the recto The front of a sheet of paper or leaf, often abbreviated to 'r'. side of each folio. An additional foliation sequence is present in parallel between ff 2-209; these numbers are also written in pencil, but are not circled.

Written in
English in Latin script
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Coll 6/66 'Saudi-Arabia: Saudi-Transjordan Frontier' [‎130r] (259/427), British Library: India Office Records and Private Papers, IOR/L/PS/12/2133, in Qatar Digital Library <https://www.qdl.qa/archive/81055/vdc_100040939864.0x00003c> [accessed 17 September 2019]

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