'GAZETTEER OF PERSIA. VOL. III. PART I: A to K' [43r] (90/1278)
The record is made up of 1 volume (635 folios). It was created in 1924. It was written in English. The original is part of the British Library: India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. Records and Private Papers.
This transcription is created automatically. It may contain errors.
Apart from the Hawashim and Ma’awieh, all of whom are settled, and
from 20 families of the A1 Bu Rawaieh in the Dizful district, these minor
tribes appear to be entirely nomadic, and to represent a Bedouin popu
lation of about 2,250 souls. They all cultivate wheat and barley, and
'some of the Hawashim are weavers.
Agriculture, trade, and communications. —These subjects are dealt with
in the general article on Arabistan, but here it may be noted that there
is an old disused canal leaving the Karun at Ahwaz village, which runs
southwards for 30 miles and is lost in the marshes on the right bank of
the Jarrahi riv6t west of Gharaibeh. On the western side of the Karun,
a canal, it is said formerly took off at Maqtu’ and run to Hawizeh. The
principal route is that from AhwaZ to Ramuz town, the length of which is
60 miles. It is joined by a route from Wais, at about 30 miles from Ahwaz,
passes Shakheh at 26 miles, crosses the Gupal river at 32 miles and enters
the district of Ramuz at 39 miles.
Administration. —The district is subject to the Shaikh of Muhammareh
who manages it through a Deputy Governor, with head-quarters at Nasiri.
The Deputy Governor only acts on orders from the Shaikh and has little
real power outside the village in which he resides. The Shaikh of Muham
mareh is also represented in the district by various political agents. These
agents usually deal with their master direct and not through his represen
tative at Nasiri, but there is no fixed rule in the matter. The Shaikh of
Muhammareh maintains police posts on the Karun in this district at Kut-
un'-Naddafieh Saghir (10 rifles), at Milaihan (20 rifles, of whom 10 are
mounted), and at Qajarieh (60 rifles, of whom 50 are mounted). For ad
ministrative purposes the Ahwaz district is divided roughly into two tracts,
that of Bavleh on the west and that of Karun upon the river. So much of
the district as lies west of the Karun is claimed by the Nizam-us-Sultaneh
as his property, and it is understood that the Shaikh of Muhammareh pays
him 3,000 tumdns a year on account of the tract, but does not admit the
Validity of the title.
It has been suggested that Ahwaz is derived from Ahwaz, the plural of
the word Hftz, common in Southern ’Arabistan in the sense of a cultivated
a"ea or estate. The conjecture is plausible and furnishes an explanation at
the same time of the origin of the name Hawizeh and possibly even of that
of Khuzistam— the old name of ’Arabistan— which may have been originally
Huzistan. Another derivation of Ahwaz is given in Curzon’s Persia, Vol
ume II, 351 (footnote) : see also Le Strange, page 232.— ( Persian Gulf Historically used by the British to refer to the sea area between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran. Often referred to as The Gulf or the Arabian Gulf.
One of the five parishes of the Linjan buluk of the Isfahan province, situ
ated on both sides of the Zindeh Rud ; it contains the following villages ;
Berinjgan, Margan, Ai Dughmish, Zard Khushu, Chammari, Cham Gav,
Cham Parkistan, Bagh Badran, Kachavan, Khushu, Vashnandijan, Latari,
Cham Zain, Cham Taq, Cham Kaka, Suvadijan, Garm Darreh— (Schindler.)
A division of the AI Kathir tribe (q.v.).
About this item
The item is Volume III, Part I: A to K of the four-volume Gazetteer of Persia (Provisional Edition, 1917, reprinted 1924).
The volume comprises that portion of south-western Persia, which is bounded on the west by the Turco-Persian frontier; on the north and east by a line drawn through the towns of Khaniqin [Khanikin], Isfahan, Yazd, Kirman, and Bandar Abbas; and on the south by the Persian Gulf Historically used by the British to refer to the sea area between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran. Often referred to as The Gulf or the Arabian Gulf. .
The gazetteer includes entries on towns, villages, districts, provinces, tribes, forts, dams, shrines, coastal features, islands, rivers, streams, lakes, mountains, passes, and camping grounds. Entries include information on history, geography, climate, population, ethnography, administration, water supply, communications, caravanserais, trade, produce, and agriculture.
Information sources are provided at the end of each gazetteer entry, in the form of an author or source’s surname, italicised and bracketed.
The volume includes an Index Map of Gazetteer and Routes in Persia (folio 636), showing the whole of Persia with portions of adjacent countries, and indicating the extents of coverage of each volume of the Gazetteer and Routes of Persia , administrative regions and boundaries, hydrology, and major cities and towns.
Printed at the Government of India Press, Simla, 1924.
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- 1 volume (635 folios)
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Foliation: the foliation sequence (used for referencing) commences at the front cover with 1, and terminates at the inside back cover with 637; these numbers are written in pencil, are circled, and are located in the top right corner of the recto The front of a sheet of paper or leaf, often abbreviated to 'r'. side of each folio. Pagination: the file also contains an original printed pagination sequence.
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