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'GAZETTEER OF PERSIA. VOL. III. PART I: A to K' [‎73v] (151/1278)

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The record is made up of 1 volume (635 folios). It was created in 1924. It was written in English. The original is part of the British Library: India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. Records and Private Papers.


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dialects of Arabic and Luri, besides the 'patois of Dizful and Shushtar. The
weapons in use are rifles or carbines of Martini pattern, and long heavy
sticks used alike by Arabs and Lurs who cannot afford to buy rifles.
Rifles are still (1906) scarce among the Bakhtiari, and there are not many
in the Mlan-ab ; but the townspeople of Shushtar possess several hun
dreds. Small depots of arms are maintained in the Arabistan, Tangistan and
Dashti ports. The owners of these depots reside in Bushire, and purchase
arms arranged through dalals or agents, who settle the price to be paid
and either pay down, or give security to the owners in Bushire. The delivery
of the aims, is, however, taken over at the depots. The dalals then pass
on the rifles to their clients among the tribesmen. A demurrage charge
of 3 tumans per rifle is levied by the headman of most of the ports, where
rifle depots are maintained, as well as a percentage of 1 per cent of the rifles.
A further transit cl arge of 1 tuman per rifle is levied by the chief of the district
traversed, when taking the rifles up country. This makes a total charge
in transit dues of about Rs. 12 per rifle. Most of the arms-dealers in Bushire
work in syndicates, sharing profits and losses at sea, thus lessening the
losses from captures and jettisonings.
Swords and daggers are scarce.
Population. —No attempt is made to estimate the number of the population.
Produce, trade and resources. —Northern ’Arabistan is divided into two
revenue districts with headquarters at Shushtar and Dizful; the boundary
between the two is a line passing between Pavindeh and Kunak in the north
through a point east of Kut ’Abd-ush-Shah in the south. For details of
products and trade, vide this Gazetteer, Shushtar, Dizful and Muhammareh.
The neighbourhood of Dizful being recognized as one of the chief centres of
mule produce in Persia, its importance in this regard must not be over
looked. Major Arbuthnot in his report on the “Mule-producing districts
of Persia II, Dizful and Shushtar ” writes thus (1905) :—
“Judging by expert reports on two samples of cotton grown near
Shushtar, there is a possibility of growing a fairly good grade of cotton
in the northern parts of Arabistan (1910).
“ Mule breeding and supply, {a) Shushtar.—Time is no market for
mules in the town of Shushtar itself, neither can it be said to be a ‘district’
from which such a supply is obtainable. There are a limited number of
mules in use for cultivation and such purposes, while an equally limited
number of small caravans reach there from Isfahan and Dizful.
“ (6) Bakhtidri llidts. —Coming to Shushtar from the east on the last few
stages of the Bakhtiari route, the encampments of the llidts (tent-dwellers)
of those tribes in their black goat-hair tents are met with, but amongst
their grazing herds and young stock, a mule foal is a rara avis. To tap
any supply such as they may and do possess to a limited extent, it would
only be possible to reach them when they come up towards the Chehar
Mahal in the summer months. I would fix a limit of purchase of animals
from this source between 18 months and 3f years at 300 head. Very few,
if any, animals over this age could be obtained from them.
(c) Dizful. Dizful itself contains a certain number of working mules
of 3| 3 7 ears and upwards for purposes of cutivation, as well as a very limited
i umber for transport work. A further small supply is probably obtainable

About this item


The item is Volume III, Part I: A to K of the four-volume Gazetteer of Persia (Provisional Edition, 1917, reprinted 1924).

The volume comprises that portion of south-western Persia, which is bounded on the west by the Turco-Persian frontier; on the north and east by a line drawn through the towns of Khaniqin [Khanikin], Isfahan, Yazd, Kirman, and Bandar Abbas; and on the south by the Persian Gulf Historically used by the British to refer to the sea area between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran. Often referred to as The Gulf or the Arabian Gulf. .

The gazetteer includes entries on towns, villages, districts, provinces, tribes, forts, dams, shrines, coastal features, islands, rivers, streams, lakes, mountains, passes, and camping grounds. Entries include information on history, geography, climate, population, ethnography, administration, water supply, communications, caravanserais, trade, produce, and agriculture.

Information sources are provided at the end of each gazetteer entry, in the form of an author or source’s surname, italicised and bracketed.

The volume includes an Index Map of Gazetteer and Routes in Persia (folio 636), showing the whole of Persia with portions of adjacent countries, and indicating the extents of coverage of each volume of the Gazetteer and Routes of Persia , administrative regions and boundaries, hydrology, and major cities and towns.

Printed at the Government of India Press, Simla, 1924.

Extent and format
1 volume (635 folios)
Physical characteristics

Foliation: the foliation sequence (used for referencing) commences at the front cover with 1, and terminates at the inside back cover with 637; these numbers are written in pencil, are circled, and are located in the top right corner of the recto The front of a sheet of paper or leaf, often abbreviated to 'r'. side of each folio. Pagination: the file also contains an original printed pagination sequence.

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'GAZETTEER OF PERSIA. VOL. III. PART I: A to K' [‎73v] (151/1278), British Library: India Office Records and Private Papers, IOR/L/MIL/17/15/4/1, in Qatar Digital Library <> [accessed 18 November 2019]

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