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'GAZETTEER OF PERSIA. VOL. III. PART I: A to K' [‎110r] (224/1278)

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The record is made up of 1 volume (635 folios). It was created in 1924. It was written in English. The original is part of the British Library: India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. Records and Private Papers.


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ich are aw
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said that i
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untains. i
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; an exters
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the trteffl!
irts of P®i
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iations exist,
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in the ^
■ (1905) Haj 1
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to have been grown in the immediate locality. The Sardar attributed the
almost total disappearance of this tree to their system, not only of cutting
down, but also of digging up, the roots for firewood. What has happened
here is evidently likely to be realised in those parts which are still, though
only lightly, wooded. The oak, of all trees, seems to grow most naturally,
but is rarely seen of a height exceeding 40 feet. Other kinds are the ash,
walnut, plane, elm, poplar, willow, ilex, beech, wild-rose, briar, hawthorn,
maple, fig, vine, almond and hop. Of arborescent and herbaceous plants
the variety is very extensive and their natural characteristics are those of
a temperate climate. Of the Astragalus in particular there are many
species, of which the most interesting probably are the A. Anisacanthus
(gaz) and A. Heratensis (gun tragacanth). The manna tree produces long,
flat, horizontal branches, which get covered with the sugary excretion.
When ripe, the natives place sheets of cloth on the grounds underneath the
small trees, which they beat with sticks and thus collect the gaz, or manna,
on the cloths below. The gum tragacanth is collected and placed in small
leather bags, in which it is exported for sale to Isfahan and other places.
Rivers .—Nature as may be expected in a country of this physical
formation, has been lavish in its water-supply, and that of the finest
quality in so far as the highlands are concerned. It is, however, a curious
fact that in the lower and pasture lands the water is, for human purposes,
more or less undrinkable ; and the brackish streams considerably outnumber
the sweet waters. Commencing from the northern end of the country,
in which as is natural, the more important rivers have their birth, and
taking them in this order from the map we find—
(l) The Zindeh Bud. This river has several sources ; the principal
being those from the Zardeh Kuh and the Galgushak ; the
Chashmeh-i-Jaihun or Kuh-i-Bang; the Ab-i-Zarin and the
Ab-i-Chaman-dar. It runs north-east through the Tang-i-
Gaz, dividing Faridan, a district in the Isfahan province, from
the Chehar Mahal still flowing north-east it receives from the
north-west a considerable stream in the Khursang, after a course
of some 50 miles and near to the Kuh-i-Mashzad. It then flows
due east, till at 80 miles it alters its course almost due south
and later south-east, and waters the broad valley of upper
Linjan. The point where it bends north-east to leave the
valley, after a course of some 160 miles, may be taken to be
its limit on the border of the Bakhtiari territory ; which has
never extended beyond its right bank. (For description of
the river’s farther course, vide Gazetteer of Persia, Vol. II.)
During this 160 miles of its course, it is crossed by four bridges—
(i) Wooden bridge, only erected in spring, a few miles above Darsu-
vadjan in Faridan.
(ii) Pul-i-Zaman Khan, a stone bridge at 110 miles.
(m) Pul-i-Bagh Badran, a wooden bridge.
(iv) Pul-i-Kaleh, at the village of Madraseh at 140 miles. A masonry
bridge of 8 arches in excellent condition.
The river has a sluggish stream for the greater part of the year, owing to
the comparatively slight drop in elevation from its rise until it disappears
Pt. L I

About this item


The item is Volume III, Part I: A to K of the four-volume Gazetteer of Persia (Provisional Edition, 1917, reprinted 1924).

The volume comprises that portion of south-western Persia, which is bounded on the west by the Turco-Persian frontier; on the north and east by a line drawn through the towns of Khaniqin [Khanikin], Isfahan, Yazd, Kirman, and Bandar Abbas; and on the south by the Persian Gulf Historically used by the British to refer to the sea area between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran. Often referred to as The Gulf or the Arabian Gulf. .

The gazetteer includes entries on towns, villages, districts, provinces, tribes, forts, dams, shrines, coastal features, islands, rivers, streams, lakes, mountains, passes, and camping grounds. Entries include information on history, geography, climate, population, ethnography, administration, water supply, communications, caravanserais, trade, produce, and agriculture.

Information sources are provided at the end of each gazetteer entry, in the form of an author or source’s surname, italicised and bracketed.

The volume includes an Index Map of Gazetteer and Routes in Persia (folio 636), showing the whole of Persia with portions of adjacent countries, and indicating the extents of coverage of each volume of the Gazetteer and Routes of Persia , administrative regions and boundaries, hydrology, and major cities and towns.

Printed at the Government of India Press, Simla, 1924.

Extent and format
1 volume (635 folios)
Physical characteristics

Foliation: the foliation sequence (used for referencing) commences at the front cover with 1, and terminates at the inside back cover with 637; these numbers are written in pencil, are circled, and are located in the top right corner of the recto The front of a sheet of paper or leaf, often abbreviated to 'r'. side of each folio. Pagination: the file also contains an original printed pagination sequence.

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English in Latin script
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'GAZETTEER OF PERSIA. VOL. III. PART I: A to K' [‎110r] (224/1278), British Library: India Office Records and Private Papers, IOR/L/MIL/17/15/4/1, in Qatar Digital Library <> [accessed 16 December 2019]

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