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Coll 6/84 'Yemen: Attitude of Yemeni Govt. towards the Italo-Ethiopian dispute. Policy of H.M.G. in event of Italian occupation of Yemeni territory.' [‎244r] (487/699)

The record is made up of 1 file (348 folios). It was created in 22 Mar 1934-1 Nov 1939. It was written in English. The original is part of the British Library: India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. Records and Private Papers.

Transcription

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-37-
A
ru
affairs, on a host of circmist&ncos* The -ling had at lease
one solid fact to , r o a >on — oae 1 eng exjer'ience of His
Ha jest v’ s Governnent to which S hegkh Yusuf had referred v/ioh
appreciation* 1 seared, on.-.is v/ha.o Saeyiih Y.isux ano. s<--.id
would "he rsnorted to the Foreign Oxxice and. i conduced v/ith
suitable thanJis for the assurances of frie r shin, and with
similar assurances on our own aart*
3. Since the meeting which I have descri .ed I have read
with great attention all the aaoers relatin. to the attempt
made "h Ibn Saud a few months ago to obtain fro^ His majesty’s
Governnent assurances that they would assist him ii ue shoild
be threatened bp the Italians. It is difiiculc go see nhat
Ibn Saud expects to gain by raisi r' this point a'ain when ic
has been d.ealt v/ith so full. and. so man,, tines, b, my
predecessor« acting on insnrucolons fro ■ His liajesuy s
Government. But I did. not gather tnat Ibn Baud, was really
expecting a ore favourable rep-ly» hut cnl ta- c he was seating
his Position. Perhaps he felt rhat ic was the proper cuing
to do, on the appointment of a new British minister, eo give
a summary of his foreign policy as it affects His majesty’s
Government. And then the Oriental always a touches importance
to individuals, and hopes that B will get him oecoer terms
than were offered by Bo’s predecessor, A-
4. I imagine that you will wish me to express my cImum^s
for the assurances of friendship and. perhaps your particular
pleasure at Ibn Baud’s remembering occasions before the war
when the support of His Majesty’s Government was of assistance
to him, and to say with regard to the references made by
SheihM Yusuf Yasin to Italy that Sir Andrew Ryan went into
this question so fully and explained so clearly the attitude
of His Majesty's Government that I am unable to add anything
to v/hat he said. I await your instructions.
I have the honour, etc.
(Signed) R. Y. BULLARD.

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Content

This file relates to Italian activities in the Middle East, particularly in the Yemen. The correspondence includes discussion of the following:

  • British policy in the event of the Italians occupying Sheikh Said [Ra’s Shaykh Sa‘īd], or any other part of the Yemen.
  • The Yemen's position in the Italo-Abyssinian conflict [Italo-Ethiopian War].
  • Relations between Ethiopia and the Yemen.
  • Italian activities in the Yemen.
  • British suspicions regarding Italian activities in the Yemen.
  • Future British policy in the Yemen.
  • Internal affairs in the Yemen.
  • Anglo-Italian relations in the Middle East, and the likelihood of Italy violating the Rome Understanding of 1927.
  • Ibn Saud's [‘Abd al-‘Azīz bin ‘Abd al-Raḥmān bin Fayṣal Āl Sa‘ūd] view on Italian activity in the region.
  • The visits of Italian destroyers to Kamaran Island in March 1937 and January 1938.
  • British and French concerns that Italy, following its denunciation of the Franco-Italian Agreement of 1935, seeks possession of the Island of Doumeira [Dumēra Desēt, Red Sea, also spelled Dumeira in the file], currently under French control.

The file features the following principal correspondents: His Majesty's Minister at Jedda (Sir Andrew Ryan, succeeded by Sir Reader William Bullard); the Political Resident A senior ranking political representative (equivalent to a Consul General) from the diplomatic corps of the Government of India or one of its subordinate provincial governments, in charge of a Political Residency. , Aden (Sir Bernard Rawdon Reilly); the Governor of Aden (Reilly again); the High Commissioner, Cairo (Sir Miles Lampson); His Majesty's Ambassador in Cairo (Lampson again); His Majesty's Chargé d'Affaires, Alexandria (John Cecil Sterndale Bennett); His Majesty's Ambassador in Paris (Eric Phipps); His Majesty's Ambassador in Rome (Eric Drummond); the British Consul General, Jibuti [Djibouti] (Herbert George Jakins); the British Naval Commander-in-Chief, East Indies Station (Vice-Admiral Alexander Robert Maule Ramsay); the Secretary of State for Foreign Affairs (Anthony Eden); the Secretary of State for the Colonies (James Henry Thomas, succeeded by William George Arthur Ormsby-Gore); officials of the Foreign Office, the Colonial Office, and the Air Ministry.

In addition to correspondence, the file includes the following: copies of extracts from Aden political intelligence summaries; copies of the minutes of meetings of the Committee of Imperial Defence's Standing Official Sub-Committee for Questions Concerning the Middle East, dated 26 November 1935, 14 December 1936, and 8 June 1937 respectively; a copy of a translation of a treaty of friendship and commerce between the Ethiopian and Yemeni governments, which was ratified on 21 September 1935.

The file includes a divider which gives a list of correspondence references contained in the file by year. This is placed at the back of the correspondence (folios 2).

Extent and format
1 file (348 folios)
Arrangement

The papers are arranged in approximate chronological order from the rear to the front of the file.

Physical characteristics

Foliation: the foliation sequence (used for referencing) commences at the inside front cover with 1, and terminates at the last folio with 349; these numbers are written in pencil, are circled, and are located in the top right corner of the recto The front of a sheet of paper or leaf, often abbreviated to 'r'. side of each folio. A previous foliation sequence, which is also circled, has been superseded and therefore crossed out.

Written in
English in Latin script
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Coll 6/84 'Yemen: Attitude of Yemeni Govt. towards the Italo-Ethiopian dispute. Policy of H.M.G. in event of Italian occupation of Yemeni territory.' [‎244r] (487/699), British Library: India Office Records and Private Papers, IOR/L/PS/12/2157, in Qatar Digital Library <https://www.qdl.qa/archive/81055/vdc_100041685367.0x00005a> [accessed 23 February 2020]

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