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‘1/1 Volume IV Koweit Saudi Relations’ [‎31r] (70/510)

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The record is made up of 1 volume (247 folios). It was created in 29 May 1935-21 Apr 1936. It was written in English and Arabic. The original is part of the British Library: India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. Records and Private Papers.

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THIS DOCUMENT IS THE PROPERTY OF HIS BRITANNIC MAJESTY’S GOVERNMENT
EASTERN (Arabia).
CONFIDENTIAL.
I
July 5, 1935.
Section 1.
[E 4218/318/25]
Record of the Fourth Meeting with Fuad_ Bey Hamza at the Foreign Office on
July 5, 1935.
THE following were present:—
Mr. Rendel.
Sir A. Ryan.
Mr. Laithwaite, India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. .
Mr. Ward.
Mr. Malcolm.
Fuad Bey Hamza.
Sheikh Hafiz Wahba.
I.
The first subject to be discussed was the question of the eastern and south
eastern frontiers of Saudi Arabia.
Mr. RENDEL said that no further progress appeared for the moment to
be possible, and that it was now for each side to consider the arguments put
forward by the other. His Majesty’s Government, for their part, would await
the statement which Fuad Bey had promised at the last meeting regarding the
dir as or tribal areas of the three and a half tribes claimed by King Abdul Aziz,
with particular reference to the southern sector of the boundary proposed by His
Majesty’s Government. Mr. Rendel said that it would be paiticularly useful it
Euad Bey could accompany this statement with a map which could show roughly
(in say, gradations of shading or colour) the areas claimed as exclusively,
predominantly or only partially inhabited, or wandered over, by particular tribes.
FUAD BEY HAMZA explained that he would have difficulty in meeting
this latter request, but that he hoped shortly to have ready a list of over 150 names
of wells, water-holes, &c., showing to which tribes and sections or sub-sections of
tribes they were regarded as belonging.
Mr. RENDEL expressed the hope that the statement might be available as
soon as possible; but he explained that it would, of course, have to be referred
to the British authorities in the Gulf and at Aden, so that it might be some weeks
before His Majesty’s Government could reply to it.
II.
Mr. RENDEL then said that he wished to speak to Fuad Bey about the
Saudi blockade of Koweit, or rather, since Fuad Bey did not like that term, about
the problem of the economic relations between Saudi Arabia and Koweit. He
began by outlining to Fuad Bey the information contained in the latest telegrams
from the Political Resident A senior ranking political representative (equivalent to a Consul General) from the diplomatic corps of the Government of India or one of its subordinate provincial governments, in charge of a Political Residency. in the Persian Gulf Historically used by the British to refer to the sea area between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran. Often referred to as The Gulf or the Arabian Gulf. regarding the position reached
in the local conference which had recently been taking place at Koweit between
the delegates of the sheikh and those of King Abdul Aziz. It appeared from
these telegrams that, while the King was ready to adopt the Sheikh of Koweit s
suggestion of a customs and manifest system, he had instructed the Saudi
delegates to insist as a condition that the Sheikh of Koweit should give a
guarantee that no single smuggler from Koweit would be allowed to cross the
border. In the event of this guarantee failing on more than three occasions to
prove effective, the Saudi Government would terminate any agreement reached.
This guarantee the Koweit delegates had naturally been unable to give. They
had, however, promised to give instead an undertaking on Koweit’s honour that
Koweit would do her best to stop smuggling. At this stage the Saudi delegates
had explained that they had no authority to go beyond the King’s orders. They
had consequently closed down the negotiations and returned to Nejd.
[456 e—1] b
/

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Content

Correspondence and papers concerning relations between Kuwait and Saudi Arabia, and British officials’ efforts to negotiate the lifting of a trade blockade, imposed upon Kuwait at the orders of the of King of Saudi Arabia, ‘Abd al-‘Azīz bin ‘Abd al-Raḥmān bin Fayṣal Āl Sa‘ūd (Ibn Sa‘ūd). The volume is a direct chronological continuation of ‘1/1 Volume III Koweit Saudi Relations’ (IOR/R/15/5/111), and includes:

  • Further diplomatic exchanges amongst British, Saudi and Kuwaiti officials, relating to the incursion into Kuwaiti territory by an armed Saudi party in May 1935.
  • Saudi assertions that smuggling from Kuwait into Saudi Arabia has increased in the wake of the Kuwait-Saudi conference held in July 1935.
  • The death of the Amir of Hasa [al-Aḥsā’] Abdulla al Jiluwi [‘Abdullāh bin Jilūwī Āl Sa‘ūd] in October 1935;
  • Discussions regarding a proposal, put forward by Ibn Saud, for the recognition of Arafa [’arafa] law between Saudi Arabia and Kuwait.
  • In early 1936, Saudi Government proposals for a lifting of the blockade, and reports of the Ruler of Kuwait’s agreement in principle to the proposals.

The volume’s principal correspondents are: the Kuwait Political Agent A mid-ranking political representative (equivalent to a Consul) from the diplomatic corps of the Government of India or one of its subordinate provincial governments, in charge of a Political Agency. (Lieutenant-Colonel Harold Richard Patrick Dickson); the Political Resident A senior ranking political representative (equivalent to a Consul General) from the diplomatic corps of the Government of India or one of its subordinate provincial governments, in charge of a Political Residency. in the Persian Gulf Historically used by the British to refer to the sea area between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran. Often referred to as The Gulf or the Arabian Gulf. (Lieutenant-Colonel Trenchard William Craven Fowle); the British Government’s Ambassador to Saudi Arabia (Andrew Ryan); the British Chargé d’Affaires at Jedda (Albert Spencer Calvert); representatives of the Government of Saudi Arabia (Fuad Bey Hamza, Yusuf Yasin, Feysal [Fayṣal bin ‘Abd al-‘Azīz Āl Sa‘ūd]); the Ruler of Kuwait (Shaikh Aḥmad al-Jābir Āl Ṣabāḥ).

Extent and format
1 volume (247 folios)
Arrangement

The volume’s contents are arranged in approximate chronological order, from the earliest item at the front to the latest at the end.

Physical characteristics

Foliation: the main foliation sequence (used for referencing) commences at the first folio with 1 and terminates at the last folio with 249; these numbers are written in pencil, are circled, and are located in the top right corner of the recto The front of a sheet of paper or leaf, often abbreviated to 'r'. side of each folio.

The foliation sequence does not include the front and back covers; nor does it include the two leading and ending flyleaves.

Additional foliation sequences are present in parallel between ff 4-246; these numbers are also written in pencil, but are not circled.

Written in
English and Arabic in Latin and Arabic script
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‘1/1 Volume IV Koweit Saudi Relations’ [‎31r] (70/510), British Library: India Office Records and Private Papers, IOR/R/15/5/112, in Qatar Digital Library <https://www.qdl.qa/archive/81055/vdc_100042317212.0x000047> [accessed 28 January 2020]

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