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‘1/1 Volume IV Koweit Saudi Relations’ [‎112r] (232/510)

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The record is made up of 1 volume (247 folios). It was created in 29 May 1935-21 Apr 1936. It was written in English and Arabic. The original is part of the British Library: India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. Records and Private Papers.

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Confidential.
No.C-319.
POLITICAL
f . £
AGENCY An office of the British Government and, earlier, of the East India Company. ,
KUWAIT.
The 19th November 1905.
i?rom
Lt.-Colonel H.R.P.Dickson, C.I.E.,
Political Agent A mid-ranking political representative (equivalent to a Consul) from the diplomatic corps of the Government of India or one of its subordinate provincial governments, in charge of a Political Agency. , Kuwait;
To
The Hon’ble the i olitical Resident
in the Persian Gulf Historically used by the British to refer to the sea area between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran. Often referred to as The Gulf or the Arabian Gulf. , BUSHIRE.
Request by Ibn Saua that the Bedouin Camel
Law of "Arafa" should be mutually accepted
and worked as between Kuwait and Oaudi Arabia
subjects.
Sir,
I have the honour to forward translation of a letter
with Mulhaq from H.M.King Ibn saud to His Excellency the
Sheikh of Kuwait dated 6 th November 1955 and which the latter
has sent me for information.
2 . As will be seen the King asks that the well known
Bedouin Law of "Arafa" applicable to lost and stolen camels,
which are subsequently claimed by owners, should be recognized
by both States,and worked in friendly consultation.
3 . Inspite of this being qsuite a normal procedure
one cannot but welcome these friendly advances in the matter
by the King.
4 . Actually the law has for long been in operation and
is as old as Abraham, so the King’s letter is not really
understood •
5 # One thing appears clear, and that is that the King
desires mutual recognition of this pai’ticular desert law by
an exchange of friendly ofticial notes: X hi s will be welconBd
by the Rhaikh.
Xt is curious to see this advance on the part of
Ibn 3 aud and it is probably connected with the coming visit
hi
of 3ir

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Content

Correspondence and papers concerning relations between Kuwait and Saudi Arabia, and British officials’ efforts to negotiate the lifting of a trade blockade, imposed upon Kuwait at the orders of the of King of Saudi Arabia, ‘Abd al-‘Azīz bin ‘Abd al-Raḥmān bin Fayṣal Āl Sa‘ūd (Ibn Sa‘ūd). The volume is a direct chronological continuation of ‘1/1 Volume III Koweit Saudi Relations’ (IOR/R/15/5/111), and includes:

  • Further diplomatic exchanges amongst British, Saudi and Kuwaiti officials, relating to the incursion into Kuwaiti territory by an armed Saudi party in May 1935.
  • Saudi assertions that smuggling from Kuwait into Saudi Arabia has increased in the wake of the Kuwait-Saudi conference held in July 1935.
  • The death of the Amir of Hasa [al-Aḥsā’] Abdulla al Jiluwi [‘Abdullāh bin Jilūwī Āl Sa‘ūd] in October 1935;
  • Discussions regarding a proposal, put forward by Ibn Saud, for the recognition of Arafa [’arafa] law between Saudi Arabia and Kuwait.
  • In early 1936, Saudi Government proposals for a lifting of the blockade, and reports of the Ruler of Kuwait’s agreement in principle to the proposals.

The volume’s principal correspondents are: the Kuwait Political Agent A mid-ranking political representative (equivalent to a Consul) from the diplomatic corps of the Government of India or one of its subordinate provincial governments, in charge of a Political Agency. (Lieutenant-Colonel Harold Richard Patrick Dickson); the Political Resident A senior ranking political representative (equivalent to a Consul General) from the diplomatic corps of the Government of India or one of its subordinate provincial governments, in charge of a Political Residency. in the Persian Gulf Historically used by the British to refer to the sea area between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran. Often referred to as The Gulf or the Arabian Gulf. (Lieutenant-Colonel Trenchard William Craven Fowle); the British Government’s Ambassador to Saudi Arabia (Andrew Ryan); the British Chargé d’Affaires at Jedda (Albert Spencer Calvert); representatives of the Government of Saudi Arabia (Fuad Bey Hamza, Yusuf Yasin, Feysal [Fayṣal bin ‘Abd al-‘Azīz Āl Sa‘ūd]); the Ruler of Kuwait (Shaikh Aḥmad al-Jābir Āl Ṣabāḥ).

Extent and format
1 volume (247 folios)
Arrangement

The volume’s contents are arranged in approximate chronological order, from the earliest item at the front to the latest at the end.

Physical characteristics

Foliation: the main foliation sequence (used for referencing) commences at the first folio with 1 and terminates at the last folio with 249; these numbers are written in pencil, are circled, and are located in the top right corner of the recto The front of a sheet of paper or leaf, often abbreviated to 'r'. side of each folio.

The foliation sequence does not include the front and back covers; nor does it include the two leading and ending flyleaves.

Additional foliation sequences are present in parallel between ff 4-246; these numbers are also written in pencil, but are not circled.

Written in
English and Arabic in Latin and Arabic script
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‘1/1 Volume IV Koweit Saudi Relations’ [‎112r] (232/510), British Library: India Office Records and Private Papers, IOR/R/15/5/112, in Qatar Digital Library <https://www.qdl.qa/archive/81055/vdc_100042317213.0x000021> [accessed 9 December 2019]

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