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‘1/1 Volume IV Koweit Saudi Relations’ [‎140r] (288/510)

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The record is made up of 1 volume (247 folios). It was created in 29 May 1935-21 Apr 1936. It was written in English and Arabic. The original is part of the British Library: India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. Records and Private Papers.

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HIS DOCUMENT IS THE PROPERTY OF HIS BRITANNIC MAJESTY’S GOVERNMENT
AJ | >*v
\ a ]//? ;
lSTERN (Arabia).
October 31, 1935.
>NFIDENTIAL.
Section 1.
6419/206/25]
Sir Samuel Hoare to Sir A. Ryan (on leave).
3. 317.)
*, Foreign Office, October 31, 1935.
YOU will shortly be the guest of King Abdul Aziz at Riyadh. While there,
i will be engaged in further negotiations on the subject of the eastern and
ith-eastern frontiers of Saudi Arabia, and on the subject of slavery, on both
which matters you have already received full instructions.
2. Though it is to be expected that these topics will occupy a great part
the time available for political discussion at Riyadh, nevertheless I request
' it you will not fail at the same time to use every endeavour to secure an
equate settlement from King Abdul Aziz on the subject of his blockade of
)weit. As you are aware, this blockade has now been maintained for more
in ten years, and as long ago as 1929 His Majesty’s Government promised the
eikh of Koweit, in return for his co-operation which was loyally given in the
terests of Ibn Sand during the Ikhwan rebellion, that they would do their best
secure an honourable settlement of the question. During his visit to London
is year the sheikh received assurances, to which he attaches the highest value,
the interest of His Majesty’s Government in his affairs. I enclose a copy of
telegram from the Political Resident A senior ranking political representative (equivalent to a Consul General) from the diplomatic corps of the Government of India or one of its subordinate provincial governments, in charge of a Political Residency. in the Persian Gulf Historically used by the British to refer to the sea area between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran. Often referred to as The Gulf or the Arabian Gulf. (No. 892 of the
th October, 1935), which emphasises how unfortunate would be the reactions
Koweit and in the Persian Gulf Historically used by the British to refer to the sea area between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran. Often referred to as The Gulf or the Arabian Gulf. generally of any failure to secure a settlement
the blockade question in the course of the Anglo-Saudi negotiations now in
Dgress. On account of the political and strategic importance of Koweit (both
:ual and potential) His Majesty’s Government are anxious to strengthen their
endly relations with its ruler. For this and for other reasons they are bound
pursuance of their promises to him to make every effort to secure a satisfactory
flement and to defend his legitimate interests vis-a-vis his powerful neighbour.
3. You will recollect that the conference between Saudi and Koweiti
legates, held at Koweit in the early part of the summer, dispersed without
Sieving a settlement. From the series of letters exchanged by the delegations,
which I enclose copies for your convenience, you are aware that King Abdul
dz was ready to agree to the proposed method of controlling Saudi-Koweiti
ide, namely, that trade should be directed to one or more customs posts on the
,udi side of the frontier and that all exports should be provided with manifests
iued by the Sheikh of Koweit. You will recall, however, that His Majesty
tached to his acceptance the condition that this arrangement should be auto-
itically terminated if, after its institution, a single Koweiti was detected
niggling. This demand the sheikh could not, of course, accept; but he offered,
an alternative, a guarantee on his honour that he would do all in his power to
ip smuggling and would severely punish offenders. King Abdul Aziz then
dared this offer to be inadequate and instructed his delegates to break off the
gotiations. .
4. The matter was then taken up in London during the conversations last
mmer with Fuad Bey Hamza, the Saudi Deputy Minister for Foreign Affairs,
which you yourself were present. It was explained to him that the Saudi
3vernment’s demand was most unreasonable, since no State, not even the most
ghly organised, was in a position to give a guarantee that not a single case
mid occur of its regulations being evaded, and he was informed that if King
bdul Aziz would accept the sheikh’s alternative offer of an honourable under
king His Majesty’s Government for their part would do all in their power
ensure its observance. Fuad Bey, before leaving London, promised to look
to the matter.
5. After some time had elapsed His Majesty s Charge d Affaires at Jedda,
ting on my instructions, invited the Saudi Government to give him their views
t the matter in the light of the consideration which it had doubtless received
[531 hh—T] b

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Content

Correspondence and papers concerning relations between Kuwait and Saudi Arabia, and British officials’ efforts to negotiate the lifting of a trade blockade, imposed upon Kuwait at the orders of the of King of Saudi Arabia, ‘Abd al-‘Azīz bin ‘Abd al-Raḥmān bin Fayṣal Āl Sa‘ūd (Ibn Sa‘ūd). The volume is a direct chronological continuation of ‘1/1 Volume III Koweit Saudi Relations’ (IOR/R/15/5/111), and includes:

  • Further diplomatic exchanges amongst British, Saudi and Kuwaiti officials, relating to the incursion into Kuwaiti territory by an armed Saudi party in May 1935.
  • Saudi assertions that smuggling from Kuwait into Saudi Arabia has increased in the wake of the Kuwait-Saudi conference held in July 1935.
  • The death of the Amir of Hasa [al-Aḥsā’] Abdulla al Jiluwi [‘Abdullāh bin Jilūwī Āl Sa‘ūd] in October 1935;
  • Discussions regarding a proposal, put forward by Ibn Saud, for the recognition of Arafa [’arafa] law between Saudi Arabia and Kuwait.
  • In early 1936, Saudi Government proposals for a lifting of the blockade, and reports of the Ruler of Kuwait’s agreement in principle to the proposals.

The volume’s principal correspondents are: the Kuwait Political Agent A mid-ranking political representative (equivalent to a Consul) from the diplomatic corps of the Government of India or one of its subordinate provincial governments, in charge of a Political Agency. (Lieutenant-Colonel Harold Richard Patrick Dickson); the Political Resident A senior ranking political representative (equivalent to a Consul General) from the diplomatic corps of the Government of India or one of its subordinate provincial governments, in charge of a Political Residency. in the Persian Gulf Historically used by the British to refer to the sea area between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran. Often referred to as The Gulf or the Arabian Gulf. (Lieutenant-Colonel Trenchard William Craven Fowle); the British Government’s Ambassador to Saudi Arabia (Andrew Ryan); the British Chargé d’Affaires at Jedda (Albert Spencer Calvert); representatives of the Government of Saudi Arabia (Fuad Bey Hamza, Yusuf Yasin, Feysal [Fayṣal bin ‘Abd al-‘Azīz Āl Sa‘ūd]); the Ruler of Kuwait (Shaikh Aḥmad al-Jābir Āl Ṣabāḥ).

Extent and format
1 volume (247 folios)
Arrangement

The volume’s contents are arranged in approximate chronological order, from the earliest item at the front to the latest at the end.

Physical characteristics

Foliation: the main foliation sequence (used for referencing) commences at the first folio with 1 and terminates at the last folio with 249; these numbers are written in pencil, are circled, and are located in the top right corner of the recto The front of a sheet of paper or leaf, often abbreviated to 'r'. side of each folio.

The foliation sequence does not include the front and back covers; nor does it include the two leading and ending flyleaves.

Additional foliation sequences are present in parallel between ff 4-246; these numbers are also written in pencil, but are not circled.

Written in
English and Arabic in Latin and Arabic script
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‘1/1 Volume IV Koweit Saudi Relations’ [‎140r] (288/510), British Library: India Office Records and Private Papers, IOR/R/15/5/112, in Qatar Digital Library <https://www.qdl.qa/archive/81055/vdc_100042317213.0x000059> [accessed 28 January 2020]

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