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‘1/1 Volume IV Koweit Saudi Relations’ [‎140v] (289/510)

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The record is made up of 1 volume (247 folios). It was created in 29 May 1935-21 Apr 1936. It was written in English and Arabic. The original is part of the British Library: India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. Records and Private Papers.


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in consequence of the conversation with 1 uad Bey Hamza in London. Mi\ Calvert
drew the Saudi Government’s attention once more to the importance which His
Maiesty’s Government and the Government of India attach to a solution of this
problem and reiterated the willingness of His Majesty s Government to do all in
their power to ensure that the honourable undertaking oilered by the sheikh
should, if accepted, be observed. . i u a
6. Of this communication, which was dated the 12th August, no mention
was made when the Saudi Government informed Mr. Calvert in a note dated the
1st September that in view of the increase in smuggling which the Saudi Govern
ment alleged had taken place since the breakdown of the Koweit conference (but
which was denied from Koweiti sources) they intended to enforce an even closer
blockade and virtually to prohibit all movement across the Saudi-Koweiti frontier
The Saudi Government were, therefore, reminded on the 16th September that a
reply to Mr. Calvert's previous representations was still outstanding and thev
were warned that if they insisted on demanding impossible conditions from
Kovveit they would assume the sole responsibility for the present unsatisfactory
situation. Copies of these two notes are enclosed.
7. On the 15th October the Saudi Government addressed to Mr. Calvert a
note in reply to the above-mentioned communications. From the summary
telegraphed by Mr. Calvert, the Saudi Government appear to have asserted that
they had not sought to interfere in the affairs of Koweit and that responsibility
for the present situation and for the loss which had been caused to Saudi Arabia
thereby thus rested with Koweit and (as it would appear from oral explanations
furnished by the Acting Deputy Minister for Foreign Affairs) with His Majesty’s
Government. They maintained, moreover, that the demands made by the Saudi
delegation at the Koweit Conference might justifiably have been severer but that
they were none the less reasonable in that they would have entailed loss to Saudi
commerce and represented the utmost sacrifice which could be made. The Saudi
(Government expressed regret that such sacrifices should have been characterised
as unreasonable, and their note concluded by asserting that agreement on the
matter would only be possible if Koweit were to give the required guarantee
absolutely to prevent all smuggling.
S. Such arguments are unacceptable to His Majesty's Government, who can
only regard this note as evidence of an unsatisfactory and indeed obstructive
attitude on the part of the Saudi Government. In particular, insistence on a
literal acceptance of the condition which King Abdul Aziz seeks to attach to
ai ^ 1 eemen t is manifestly unreasonable. I shall accordingly be glad if you
will draw the serious attention of King Abdul Aziz to the matter at Riyadh.
9. You should begin, as on previous occasions, by reminding the King of
the unremitting efforts which His Majesty's Government made to improve and
consolidate relations, first between Saudi Arabia and Iraq and then between
k au i Arabia and Transjordan. These efforts proved successful, and have led
o settlements winch have been to the great advantage of all the parties concerned.
±iis Majesty s Government are now most earnestly desirous of bringing about a
similar improvement in the case of relations between Saudi Arabia and Koweit.
TTio tv/t • 1 n any bonds which have linked those two Arab States in the past,
ArnMoaV v ^rnn^nt are sincerely anxious to see relations between Saudi
Ma-iPQtv’c 11 r ° Wei P ace( ^ 0Ilce m ore on a normal and friendly footing. His
Sin wTT > cann °n ! ,Ut feel that > with this obiect achieved, their
endship for both parties will have been most strikingly demonstrated.
0. \on should then briefly remind King Abdul Aziz of the recent
withTs'muchern f he • subse< l uen , t act ion of His Majesty’s Government, and repeat
ment onXetmf^nf‘ S f 8 ' y 0 U , d f n ] P rudeat the views of His Majesty’s Govern-
still insisted on in i-l/ V l ’ ll . w '', l < '' the sheikh by the Saudi delegation, and no"
You are authorised tn IUl< l note summarised in paragraph 7 above.
kGrnotMng bvTnsUti^ ° Ut ^ “W’ if Y ou th ink fit, that he stands to
to o-ive it hTs Exeellenev ° n u? al r ,h y Snarantee since, even if the sheikh were
would be his dutv unde'r ^ not ’ "i', 1 ' tbe utmost goodwill, achieve more than
alternatke and Yhieh Ri! “dertaking which he has offered as;"
King Abdul AzizYiTl amr A^TiYf Phrvernment are prepared to endorse.
orm the King th
sheikh s offer of an honourable undertaking to do so,
11 . You will thpn itv-p™ ? eavours ln eit fi er ev ent.
Majesty’s Government. th e f sheikbG the considered opinion of His

About this item


Correspondence and papers concerning relations between Kuwait and Saudi Arabia, and British officials’ efforts to negotiate the lifting of a trade blockade, imposed upon Kuwait at the orders of the of King of Saudi Arabia, ‘Abd al-‘Azīz bin ‘Abd al-Raḥmān bin Fayṣal Āl Sa‘ūd (Ibn Sa‘ūd). The volume is a direct chronological continuation of ‘1/1 Volume III Koweit Saudi Relations’ (IOR/R/15/5/111), and includes:

  • Further diplomatic exchanges amongst British, Saudi and Kuwaiti officials, relating to the incursion into Kuwaiti territory by an armed Saudi party in May 1935.
  • Saudi assertions that smuggling from Kuwait into Saudi Arabia has increased in the wake of the Kuwait-Saudi conference held in July 1935.
  • The death of the Amir of Hasa [al-Aḥsā’] Abdulla al Jiluwi [‘Abdullāh bin Jilūwī Āl Sa‘ūd] in October 1935;
  • Discussions regarding a proposal, put forward by Ibn Saud, for the recognition of Arafa [’arafa] law between Saudi Arabia and Kuwait.
  • In early 1936, Saudi Government proposals for a lifting of the blockade, and reports of the Ruler of Kuwait’s agreement in principle to the proposals.

The volume’s principal correspondents are: the Kuwait Political Agent A mid-ranking political representative (equivalent to a Consul) from the diplomatic corps of the Government of India or one of its subordinate provincial governments, in charge of a Political Agency. (Lieutenant-Colonel Harold Richard Patrick Dickson); the Political Resident A senior ranking political representative (equivalent to a Consul General) from the diplomatic corps of the Government of India or one of its subordinate provincial governments, in charge of a Political Residency. in the Persian Gulf Historically used by the British to refer to the sea area between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran. Often referred to as The Gulf or the Arabian Gulf. (Lieutenant-Colonel Trenchard William Craven Fowle); the British Government’s Ambassador to Saudi Arabia (Andrew Ryan); the British Chargé d’Affaires at Jedda (Albert Spencer Calvert); representatives of the Government of Saudi Arabia (Fuad Bey Hamza, Yusuf Yasin, Feysal [Fayṣal bin ‘Abd al-‘Azīz Āl Sa‘ūd]); the Ruler of Kuwait (Shaikh Aḥmad al-Jābir Āl Ṣabāḥ).

Extent and format
1 volume (247 folios)

The volume’s contents are arranged in approximate chronological order, from the earliest item at the front to the latest at the end.

Physical characteristics

Foliation: the main foliation sequence (used for referencing) commences at the first folio with 1 and terminates at the last folio with 249; these numbers are written in pencil, are circled, and are located in the top right corner of the recto The front of a sheet of paper or leaf, often abbreviated to 'r'. side of each folio.

The foliation sequence does not include the front and back covers; nor does it include the two leading and ending flyleaves.

Additional foliation sequences are present in parallel between ff 4-246; these numbers are also written in pencil, but are not circled.

Written in
English and Arabic in Latin and Arabic script
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‘1/1 Volume IV Koweit Saudi Relations’ [‎140v] (289/510), British Library: India Office Records and Private Papers, IOR/R/15/5/112, in Qatar Digital Library <> [accessed 10 December 2019]

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