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‘1/1 Volume IV Koweit Saudi Relations’ [‎142r] (292/510)

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The record is made up of 1 volume (247 folios). It was created in 29 May 1935-21 Apr 1936. It was written in English and Arabic. The original is part of the British Library: India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. Records and Private Papers.

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Should your esteemed delegation agree to negotiate on this basis, we are
pared once more to discuss the subject in order to arrive at the conclusion
P 2 htby both sides.
so
(Usual ending.)
Note by Political A gent .—The above letter, as will be seen, is worded some
what differently from what the Saudi delegate laid down as the only basis for
f iture talks (see my telegram No. 211 of the 25th June), namely, that Koweit must
!Iree before anything else to guarantee that not even a single smuggler got across
‘V k or cler. They appear to be playing for safety. The Koweit delegates have
not missed this point, and in their reply have pinned the Saudi delegates down to
That they actually did say.
l\\—Translation of a Letter dated the 24:th Rabi Auwal, 1354 (June 25, 1935),
f rom the Koweit Delegation to the Saudi Delegation.
(After compliments.) . . . 10 _.
WE have received your esteemed letter dated the 23rd Kabi Auwal, 1354
(June 24, 1935), and have understood what you stated as to your good intentions
as well as the good intentions of His Majesty King Ibn Sand’s Government,
namely, that you are prepared to continue conversations with a view to arriving at
a satisfactory conclusion between both sides, and to discuss measures to remove all
misunderstanding, but that such conversations must from now onward be on the
one basis, that the Government of Koweit shall first give “guarantee
(“dhaman ”) with regard to goods (smuggled) passing across the frontier. You
added that if our delegation would agree to the “guarantee ” condition on behalt
of the Koweit Government, then you would be prepared to continue the talks.
We wish, therefore, now to make the matter quite clear. I he situation is, as
we suggested to you in our letter dated the 16th Rabi Auwal,1354 (June 17, 1935),
and as was also discussed with you in yesterday morning s meeting (June 2 ,
1935). You stated that the “ guarantee ” system was desired by His Majesty s
(Saudiyeh) Government, which was that nothing should be smuggled, and only
goods exported according to manifests should be allowed t0 P a ^ s mt °
territory That should any smuggler be caught, his goods would be confiscated,
and the Koweit Government would have to pay the customs duty imposed on same.
Also that should this happen more than three times, His Majesty s baudi Govern
ment should have the right to cancel the agreement. lrj
At the same meeting we replied to you that the Koweit Government would
give you their word of honour to do all in their power to prevent smugg _ x
that should any smuggling be discovered (within her territory) e ^
ment would inflict the severest of punishments on the evl . . oel * _ntion
As regards the “ guarantee ” insisted on by you wi e - t ^ reason _
taken and every goodwill, we say this cannot be realised. f
able of you to make such a condition. That which the Sau i * because of the
of (e.g., smuggling), should it occur, will be trifling and very ’ Q overn
measures that will be taken by His Majesty s Saudi Government and the Govern
ment of Koweit. It should certainly not affect the goo wi , p Hencv Sheikh
reciprocal agreement between His Majesty the King an J
Ahm Welivery hope, however, that owing to your deep ins^you will not
allow a doubtful and unreasonable defect to stan .
wSiTc- . „pl, » .hi., - hop. .h„. .h,H » . S «xl
understanding. .. x
(Usual ending.)

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Content

Correspondence and papers concerning relations between Kuwait and Saudi Arabia, and British officials’ efforts to negotiate the lifting of a trade blockade, imposed upon Kuwait at the orders of the of King of Saudi Arabia, ‘Abd al-‘Azīz bin ‘Abd al-Raḥmān bin Fayṣal Āl Sa‘ūd (Ibn Sa‘ūd). The volume is a direct chronological continuation of ‘1/1 Volume III Koweit Saudi Relations’ (IOR/R/15/5/111), and includes:

  • Further diplomatic exchanges amongst British, Saudi and Kuwaiti officials, relating to the incursion into Kuwaiti territory by an armed Saudi party in May 1935.
  • Saudi assertions that smuggling from Kuwait into Saudi Arabia has increased in the wake of the Kuwait-Saudi conference held in July 1935.
  • The death of the Amir of Hasa [al-Aḥsā’] Abdulla al Jiluwi [‘Abdullāh bin Jilūwī Āl Sa‘ūd] in October 1935;
  • Discussions regarding a proposal, put forward by Ibn Saud, for the recognition of Arafa [’arafa] law between Saudi Arabia and Kuwait.
  • In early 1936, Saudi Government proposals for a lifting of the blockade, and reports of the Ruler of Kuwait’s agreement in principle to the proposals.

The volume’s principal correspondents are: the Kuwait Political Agent A mid-ranking political representative (equivalent to a Consul) from the diplomatic corps of the Government of India or one of its subordinate provincial governments, in charge of a Political Agency. (Lieutenant-Colonel Harold Richard Patrick Dickson); the Political Resident A senior ranking political representative (equivalent to a Consul General) from the diplomatic corps of the Government of India or one of its subordinate provincial governments, in charge of a Political Residency. in the Persian Gulf Historically used by the British to refer to the sea area between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran. Often referred to as The Gulf or the Arabian Gulf. (Lieutenant-Colonel Trenchard William Craven Fowle); the British Government’s Ambassador to Saudi Arabia (Andrew Ryan); the British Chargé d’Affaires at Jedda (Albert Spencer Calvert); representatives of the Government of Saudi Arabia (Fuad Bey Hamza, Yusuf Yasin, Feysal [Fayṣal bin ‘Abd al-‘Azīz Āl Sa‘ūd]); the Ruler of Kuwait (Shaikh Aḥmad al-Jābir Āl Ṣabāḥ).

Extent and format
1 volume (247 folios)
Arrangement

The volume’s contents are arranged in approximate chronological order, from the earliest item at the front to the latest at the end.

Physical characteristics

Foliation: the main foliation sequence (used for referencing) commences at the first folio with 1 and terminates at the last folio with 249; these numbers are written in pencil, are circled, and are located in the top right corner of the recto The front of a sheet of paper or leaf, often abbreviated to 'r'. side of each folio.

The foliation sequence does not include the front and back covers; nor does it include the two leading and ending flyleaves.

Additional foliation sequences are present in parallel between ff 4-246; these numbers are also written in pencil, but are not circled.

Written in
English and Arabic in Latin and Arabic script
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‘1/1 Volume IV Koweit Saudi Relations’ [‎142r] (292/510), British Library: India Office Records and Private Papers, IOR/R/15/5/112, in Qatar Digital Library <https://www.qdl.qa/archive/81055/vdc_100042317213.0x00005d> [accessed 8 December 2019]

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