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Ext 5001/41 'PERSIA – INTERNAL (Miscellaneous despatches).' [‎16r] (31/248)

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The record is made up of 1 file (122 folios). It was created in 21 Jun 1942-15 Mar 1946. It was written in English. The original is part of the British Library: India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. Records and Private Papers.


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August 13, 1945.
Section 1.
VS *7 7.
E 5883/31/34] Copy No.
v I 9 4 5 j
♦S'zV R. ButtarcTTo^Mr^Bevin.—(Received \%th August.)
(No. 263. Secret.)
Sir, Tehran, 2^th July, 1945.
AVTTH rpfprpnnf to mv desp atch No. 128 of the 25th April, I have the honour
to transmit herewith a report on Persian affairs during April, May and
June 1945.
Copies of this despatch are going to His Majesty’s consular officers in Persia,
His Majesty’s representative in Moscow, the Government of India, the Persia
and Iraq Command, the Middle East Command, the Minister-Resident in Cairo,
and the Political Intelligence Centre, Middle East.
I have, etc.
The Question of the Withdrawal of Allied Troops from Persia.
1. This question took on a more practical form during the quarter as a
result of (1) abandonment of the Persian route for aid to Russia, (2) presentation
of official notes by the Persian Government to the representatives of Great Britain,
Russia and America in Tehran, asking for the removal of Allied troops forth
with, and (3) the announcement that the Big Three would be meeting shortly.
2. When the quarter began, overseas cargo for Russia had almost ceased
to arrive at Persian ports, but Russia was still benefiting by the Persian route
to the extent that she was receiving aviation spirit from Abadan under an agree
ment which was due to expire at the end of June. It was decided, however, that
Russia should be supplied from some other source with the June quota of aviation
spirit, so that, with effect from the end of May, aid to Russia, with the exception
of a small quantity of cargo lying at the ports or on the sea, ceased entirely to
be sent across Persia.
3. On the 19th May the Ministry for Foreign Affairs addressed a note to
His Majesty’s Embassy asking for British forces to be withdrawn from Persia
forthwith, arguing that it was essential that Persia should be able to return to
normal in accordance with the wishes of her people. It maintained that Japan
was so remote that the war in the Far East could not be influenced by the presence
of Allied troops in Persia and added that in any case Japan on her own showing
was no longer allied to Germany. The Tripartite Treaty concluded to promote
the war effort against Germany had therefore lost its meaning. The note added
that communications on the subject had been addressed also to the Soviet and
American Embassies. Under instructions from the Foreign Office, His Majesty’s
Ambassador informed the Ministry for Foreign Affairs in reply that although
His Majesty’s Government could not accept the argument that the Allied Powers
were not entitled by the Anglo-Soviet-Persian Treaty to keep troops in Persia
until six months after the end of the Japanese war, they were nevertheless pre
pared to consider sympathetically the Persian Government’s request that the
withdrawal of Allied troops from Persia should begin before the final date fixed
by the treaty. He added that His Majesty’s Government were discussing the
question with the Soviet and United States Governments.
4. His Majesty’s Ambassador in Washington was instructed to inform
the State Department of the action taken in Tehran and to explain that it had
been taken before consultation with the United States Government because news
had just been received that the United States Government intended to withdraw
American troops from Persia, and to hand over operation of the railway by the
1st July, and because the attitude of the State Department at the time of the
Crimea Conference suggested that it was unlikely there would be any serious
[ 68 — 110 ]
RECo. P3L. C£?T.
28 SEP^M 1 ;
INDIA OFFICE The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors.

About this item


This file consists of miscellaneous dispatches relating to internal affairs in Persia [Iran] during the occupation of the country by British and Soviet troops. The file begins with references to an Anglo-Soviet-Persian Treaty of Alliance, signed in January 1942, which followed the Anglo-Soviet invasion of the country in August-September 1941.

Most of the dispatches are addressed by His Majesty's Minister (later Ambassador) at Tehran (Sir Reader William Bullard) to the Secretary of State for Foreign Affairs (Anthony Eden). The dispatches discuss political, financial and economic affairs in Persia, as well as issues regarding road and rail transport (for the transportation of foodstuffs), food supplies and press censorship,

Related matters of discussion include the following:

  • British concerns regarding the extent and effect of Axis propaganda in Persia and the Persian Government's response to it.
  • Relations between the Shah [Muhammad Reza Khan] and successive Persian prime ministers, and the power and influence of the Majlis deputies.
  • Anglo-Persian relations, and British concerns regarding Soviet policy in Persia.
  • The Persian press's response to the Allied occupation.
  • The Tehran conference in late November 1943, attended by Winston Churchill, Joseph Stalin and Franklin D Roosevelt, who were also present at a dinner at the British Legation, held in celebration of Churchill's 69th birthday (also discussed is the naming of three streets in Tehran, after Churchill, Stalin, and Roosevelt respectively).
  • The tribal situation in Persia.
  • The raising of the status of the British Legation in Tehran to that of British Embassy in February 1943.
  • The United States' interests in Persia.
  • The status of Polish evacuees in Persia.
  • The work of the British Council in Persia.
  • The question of the withdrawal of Allied troops from Persia.

The file includes a divider which gives a list of correspondence references contained in the file by year. This is placed at the back of the correspondence (folio 1).

Extent and format
1 file (122 folios)

The papers are arranged in approximate chronological order from the rear to the front of the file.

Physical characteristics

Foliation: the foliation sequence for this description commences at the front cover with 1, and terminates at the inside back cover with 124; these numbers are written in pencil, are circled, and are located in the top right corner of the recto The front of a sheet of paper or leaf, often abbreviated to 'r'. side of each folio.

Written in
English in Latin script
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Ext 5001/41 'PERSIA – INTERNAL (Miscellaneous despatches).' [‎16r] (31/248), British Library: India Office Records and Private Papers, IOR/L/PS/12/564, in Qatar Digital Library <> [accessed 12 December 2019]

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