File 3516/1914 Pt 9 'German War: Persia' [76r] (156/618)
The record is made up of 1 volume (305 folios). It was created in 11 Aug 1915-17 Dec 1915. It was written in English. The original is part of the British Library: India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. Records and Private Papers.
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122 ! 9 t j
Ko. 1629 W., dated Simla, the 9th September 1915 (Confidentral)r
From The Deputy Secretary to the Government of India in the Foreign and
To—-The Hon^ble Lieutenant-Colonel Sir P. Z. Cox, K.C.I.E., C.S.I., Political
Resident in the Persian Gulf Historically used by the British to refer to the sea area between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran. Often referred to as The Gulf or the Arabian Gulf. , Basrah.
I am directed to acknowledge the receipt of your telegram, No. 1776 B.,
dated the 2nd September 1915, regarding the proclamation announcing the
intention of the British Government to bombard and destroy the town of
2. I am to explain that in the Hague Convention dealing with bombard
ment by naval forces it is laid down that
“ unless military exigencies render it impossible, the commander of a
naval attacking force will warn the authorities before com
mencing the bombardment”.
This admits of wide discretion in deciding whether any notice of a
bombardment should be given, but since the Convention in question has not
been acceded to by the Government of Persia its provisions are m no way
leo-ally binding in the Persian Gulf Historically used by the British to refer to the sea area between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran. Often referred to as The Gulf or the Arabian Gulf. on His Majesty’s Government.
° 3 In connection with the object which led you to authorise the issue
of the proclamation you mention that it has always been the custom to warn
villages on such occasions in order to give the women and children Dme to to et
awav In this connection I am to remark that, although it may in t e pas
have been the custom to give ample warning, under present circumstances it
is considered that this is very undesirable since it allows the inhabitants to
make all preparations to meet the attack and largely reduces the eftect which
of reaching a place of safety. i • u tit
4 It will however, be observed that the proclamation which x aj
i a /-in thp Qth August 1915 was not confined to a warning regard-
Trevor published oq the 9th August ^ ^ operations
iB f. ^“friutended to combine with it. Such a publication of the military
whtch it was ^eud 00nsiderj obviously most undesirable as it
plans is, the tn ^renare counter measures which add greatly to
permits the inhabitants to prepay coume ^^ to requ e 8 t you to take
the difficulties of the ^f^^donasiain arise no such notification of intended
steps to secure that shouW occasion no^ of the Govei , ment o£
Ma^and rinsure that every effort is made to keep such proposed operations
secret dun^thej^e-has ^ forward d feet to Major A. P. Trevor,
C.I.E., Officer on Special duty in me rersian v j ,
No. 1630 W. (Confidential).
a v of the foregoing letter is forwarded to Major A. P. Trevor, C.I.E.,
Office^ orfSpecial 6 Duty"in the P ersian Gulf, B ushire, for information.
Telegram, No. 1858 B„ dated the 8th (received 9th) September 1915
„ Hon . ble Lieutenant-Colonel Sir P. Z. Cox, h.C.I.E,, C. . .,
Political Resident A senior ranking political representative (equivalent to a Consul General) from the diplomatic corps of the Government of India or one of its subordinate provincial governments, in charge of a Political Residency. in the Persian bnlf Ba™ , ^ Depart-
To _The Secretary to the Government o£ India in the i ore.gn
ment, SidpIs. ,
iu-b»»A “ d W'nx 1 ”" “ i i "'* “ •
• India. Foreign --
| No . A 2 m. dated
I -i-v cep 1915
^ i a tv i
About this item
The volume concerns the situation in Persia during the First World War. The main focus is the British occupation of Bushire.
The volume covers:
- Instructions regarding Bakhtiari.
- Movements of Wassmuss and German agents in Persia.
- Situation in Bushire, at Isfahan, at Urumia [Urmia, Iran], and at Tehran.
- Attitude of Persian Prime Minister.
- Arrival of Russian troops at Enzeli [Bandar-e Anzali, Iran].
- Murder of British Vice-Consul at Shiraz.
- Attacks on British Consuls at Isfahan and Kangavar, and on Consulate officials at Shiraz.
- Situation at Anglo-Persian Oil Company oilfields.
- Activities of German Vice-Consul at Sultanabad.
- German activity at Kermanshah.
- German sending gold to Persia, to outbid Anglo-Russian financial assistance.
- Extract of Imperial Bank of Persia's report on German occupation of Kermanshah.
The volume’s principal correspondents are: Charles Marling, British Minister at Tehran; British Consuls at Meshed, Sistan and Kain, Kerman, Isfahan, Khorasan, Kermanshah; Arthur Prescott Trevor, Officer on Special Duty in the Persian Gulf Historically used by the British to refer to the sea area between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran. Often referred to as The Gulf or the Arabian Gulf. ; Percy Cox, Political Resident A senior ranking political representative (equivalent to a Consul General) from the diplomatic corps of the Government of India or one of its subordinate provincial governments, in charge of a Political Residency. in Persian Gulf Historically used by the British to refer to the sea area between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran. Often referred to as The Gulf or the Arabian Gulf. ; John Nixon, General Officer Commanding, India Expeditionary Force 'D', Basrah; Charles Hardinge, Viceroy of India; Alfred Hamilton Grant, Foreign Secretary to the Government of India; Austen Chamberlain, Secretary of State for India; George Buchanan, British Ambassador in Russia; Imperial Bank of Persia; Shaikh Hussein of Chahkutah and Rais Ali of Dilwar [Rais Ali Delvari].
- Extent and format
- 1 volume (305 folios)
The papers are arranged in approximate chronological order from the rear to the front of the volume.
- Physical characteristics
Foliation: the foliation sequence (used for referencing) commences at the inside front cover with 1, and terminates at the inside back cover with 307; these numbers are written in pencil, are circled, and are located in the top right corner of the recto The front of a sheet of paper or leaf, often abbreviated to 'r'. side of each folio.
- Written in
- English in Latin script View the complete information for this record
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- File 3516/1914 Pt 9 'German War: Persia'
- front, back, spine, edge, head, tail, front-i, 2r:7v, 11r:78r, 81v:82v, 85r:174v, 175v:269v, 278r:306v, back-i
- East India Company, the Board of Control, the India Office, or other British Government Department
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- Open Government Licence