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File 3516/1914 Pt 9 'German War: Persia' [‎82r] (168/618)

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The record is made up of 1 volume (305 folios). It was created in 11 Aug 1915-17 Dec 1915. It was written in English. The original is part of the British Library: India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. Records and Private Papers.


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Haidar Khan has in fact been a valuable ally for several vears nast ,r, f l
now reahsing that absolute Persian neutrality is impossible under the'local
conditions, he has definitely thrown in his lot with us P and is playing a most
toour suppOTt P ° rtant Pait m Steadying the situation ^ the Bushire hinterland
There is no one in Seuthern Persia, apart from the Shaikh of Moham-
merah and Hap Pais, to whom we shall have more cause to be grateful at the
end of the war, than to Haidar Khan. giatemi at tiie
* aida f ^ hai1 of Ha y at Daoud is about 45 y ea rs of age, and has been head
Augusmth imTT 18 H p pedig " ee given in letter No. 1786 of
August 11th, 1912, from Sir Percy Cox to Foreign Department.
map^Theyare—° ntr0lled ^ him ^ sh ° Wn in the accompanying sketch
Hayat Daoud (chief village and port Bandar Pig).
The Island or Kharg.
Pudhilleh, under a brother.
Lirawi, under a cousin and brother-in-law.
Bandar Dilam, under a cousin.
Angali, under a near connection by marriage.
It will be seen that they extend from the southern
to the outskirts of Bnshire itself, a distance of some 80
the ground between the coast range and the sea, with tbe ex'ception of the
bhabankareh district, which is m alliance with Haidar Khan.
The districts represent therefore a solid block of the coast plain between
Arabistan and Bushire, under one family control, and as a link with British
interests m Arabistan their support of and from the British is visibly of great
•/ *
borders of Arabistan
miles, and cover all
Our intere^sts in the Persian coasta! region, particularly in the northern
part oi the Crnlt, lie m the maintenance of order by and security of tenure of
the local magnates, who are well disposed towards His Majesty’s Government.
In the event of war, or of the disintegration of Persia, it would be the onlv
logical sequence of the autonomy of Arabistan and British possession of
Bushire to encourage the greatest territorial magnate of the intervening region
and our staunch friend, Haidar Khan, to keep the region under his influence*
in order and quiet, and as well disposed towards ourselves as possible.
The position and value of Haidar Khan may not be fully understood.
He and his relatives from Lirawi to Pudhilleh and Angali could muster some
2,500 armed men probably, and with his friend of Shabankareh more than
There is little probability of his being so scattered and driven in on
Bandar Pig by the hostile Khans, who are numerically less strong and bound
together with flimsy tie of friendship, that Haidar Khan wouldl»e forced to
fly from his district.
Long before Bandar Pig, which is a good many miles from the frontier
of his districts, were attacked Haidar Khan’s forces would be fighting hard
against any invasion of their borders; and we hope with considerable success.
He himself has never taken so desperate a view of the situation : and in point
of fact his correspondence has been directed just as much as to how far he
could help the British in Bushire, if attacked, as it has been to ask for co
operation if fighting to place on his borders in the immediate vicinity of
Bushire and for the moral effect of a man-of-war cruising off his coast.
The point is that his enemies locally are onr enemies, and vice versa,
namely, the Khans on and to the south of the Shiraz road. Both the British
authorities at Bushire and Haidar Khan are agreed that all hostility in the
Bushire hinterland, and danger to Bushire could be crushed easily and speedily

About this item


The volume concerns the situation in Persia during the First World War. The main focus is the British occupation of Bushire.

The volume covers:

  • Instructions regarding Bakhtiari.
  • Movements of Wassmuss and German agents in Persia.
  • Situation in Bushire, at Isfahan, at Urumia [Urmia, Iran], and at Tehran.
  • Attitude of Persian Prime Minister.
  • Arrival of Russian troops at Enzeli [Bandar-e Anzali, Iran].
  • Murder of British Vice-Consul at Shiraz.
  • Attacks on British Consuls at Isfahan and Kangavar, and on Consulate officials at Shiraz.
  • Situation at Anglo-Persian Oil Company oilfields.
  • Activities of German Vice-Consul at Sultanabad.
  • German activity at Kermanshah.
  • German sending gold to Persia, to outbid Anglo-Russian financial assistance.
  • Extract of Imperial Bank of Persia's report on German occupation of Kermanshah.

The volume’s principal correspondents are: Charles Marling, British Minister at Tehran; British Consuls at Meshed, Sistan and Kain, Kerman, Isfahan, Khorasan, Kermanshah; Arthur Prescott Trevor, Officer on Special Duty in the Persian Gulf Historically used by the British to refer to the sea area between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran. Often referred to as The Gulf or the Arabian Gulf. ; Percy Cox, Political Resident A senior ranking political representative (equivalent to a Consul General) from the diplomatic corps of the Government of India or one of its subordinate provincial governments, in charge of a Political Residency. in Persian Gulf Historically used by the British to refer to the sea area between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran. Often referred to as The Gulf or the Arabian Gulf. ; John Nixon, General Officer Commanding, India Expeditionary Force 'D', Basrah; Charles Hardinge, Viceroy of India; Alfred Hamilton Grant, Foreign Secretary to the Government of India; Austen Chamberlain, Secretary of State for India; George Buchanan, British Ambassador in Russia; Imperial Bank of Persia; Shaikh Hussein of Chahkutah and Rais Ali of Dilwar [Rais Ali Delvari].

Extent and format
1 volume (305 folios)

The papers are arranged in approximate chronological order from the rear to the front of the volume.

Physical characteristics

Foliation: the foliation sequence (used for referencing) commences at the inside front cover with 1, and terminates at the inside back cover with 307; these numbers are written in pencil, are circled, and are located in the top right corner of the recto The front of a sheet of paper or leaf, often abbreviated to 'r'. side of each folio.

Written in
English in Latin script
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File 3516/1914 Pt 9 'German War: Persia' [‎82r] (168/618), British Library: India Office Records and Private Papers, IOR/L/PS/10/486, in Qatar Digital Library <> [accessed 8 December 2019]

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