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'File 2/2 VI Kuwait-Iraq Smuggling' [‎125r] (260/386)

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The record is made up of 1 volume (182 folios). It was created in 7 Feb 1937-1 Oct 1938. It was written in English and Arabic. The original is part of the British Library: India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. Records and Private Papers.

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about it, ^ir T^iovi/l© and the India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. representatives
were anxious that the Iraqis should be pressed to agree to an
enquiry with which the Political Agent A mid-ranking political representative (equivalent to a Consul) from the diplomatic corps of the Government of India or one of its subordinate provincial governments, in charge of a Political Agency. , Koweit, would be
associated, in the hop that this might assist in establishing
the principle of a joint enquiry into Iraq-Koweit frontier
I incidents and prepare the way for the appointment of a joint
frontier commission which would be in a position to enquire
into frontier incidents as soon as they had been reported.
Sir A.Clar„ Kerr and the Foreign Office representatives, however,
felt that it would be useless to do more than to make a formal
protest, as there would be no hope, in existing conditions, of
obtaining any satisfaction from the Iraqis, It ?»as agreed that
telegraphic instructions should be sent to Mr,Scott to make a
strong protest about this case as soon as possible.
4. Turning to the general question of smuggling, Mr.lendel
drew attention to the extremely unsatisfactory character of the
present situation. The Sheikh of Koweit took the line that he was
under no obligation to take any steps to stop smuggling. This
I was perfectly correct, and the Sheikh was entirely within his legal
rights in allowing the smuggling to go on. But as a result of this
the Iraqis were becoming increasingly ill-disposed towards him, and
it was becoming inpossible for His Majesty's Government to obtain
from the Iraqis the settlement of any outstanding questions in which
the Sheikh of Koweit was involved. The most important of these was
the question of the Sheikh's date gardens in Iraq. We were
unfortunately on weak ground in pressing the Iraqis to settle this
question, where we had entered into a perpetual commitment which
we had failed to get the Iraqis formally and specifically to take
over in 19^4, though it was more or less covered by a general
provision ...

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Content

The volume contains correspondence related to Kuwait-Iraq smuggling and Iraqi incursions into Kuwaiti waters. The Shaikh of Kuwait raised his complaints to the Political Agent A mid-ranking political representative (equivalent to a Consul) from the diplomatic corps of the Government of India or one of its subordinate provincial governments, in charge of a Political Agency. , Kuwait, about Iraqi customs attacking Kuwaiti nationals, firewood collectors and fishermen and their jolly boats. With his letters the Shaikh enclosed statements by some of those who were attacked, as well as tables of the goods seized by the Iraqi police including cigarettes, fish, and camels.

Other issues raised in the correspondence are the following:

  • Investigation of the Iraq-Kuwait frontier incidents.
  • Cases that were dealt with and the possible compensation.
  • The export taxes on Iraqi cigarettes.
  • The Iraqi Government agreeing on building two police posts at Kuwait border, one at Zubair and one at Nadjmi.

The volume includes records of a meeting held in London to consider measures for dealing with smuggling between Iraq and Kuwait. It also includes records of the regulations of the King of Iraq regarding the issue of smuggling which were published in the Official Gazette of Iraq .

The main correspondents in the file are the Political Agency An office of the British Government and, earlier, of the East India Company. , Kuwait, the Political Residency A diplomatic office of the British Government established in the provinces and regions considered part of, or under the influence of, British India. , Bushire, the British Embassy, Baghdad, the Iraq Ministry for Foreign Affairs, the Hakim of Kuwait, and the Mutassarif of Basrah Liwa, Basra.

Extent and format
1 volume (182 folios)
Arrangement

The papers are arranged in approximate chronological order from the front to the rear of the volume.

Physical characteristics

Foliation: the main foliation sequence (used for referencing) commences at the first folio with 1 and terminates at the last folio with 182; these numbers are written in pencil, are circled, and are located in the top right corner of the recto The front of a sheet of paper or leaf, often abbreviated to 'r'. side of each folio.

The foliation sequence does not include the front and back covers; nor does it include the six leading and ending flyleaves.

An additional foliation sequence is present in parallel between ff 1-182; these numbers are also written in pencil and are circled, but are crossed through.

Written in
English and Arabic in Latin and Arabic script
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'File 2/2 VI Kuwait-Iraq Smuggling' [‎125r] (260/386), British Library: India Office Records and Private Papers, IOR/R/15/5/133, in Qatar Digital Library <https://www.qdl.qa/archive/81055/vdc_100043170517.0x00003d> [accessed 6 December 2019]

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