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'File 2/2 VI Kuwait-Iraq Smuggling' [‎128r] (266/386)

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The record is made up of 1 volume (182 folios). It was created in 7 Feb 1937-1 Oct 1938. It was written in English and Arabic. The original is part of the British Library: India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. Records and Private Papers.


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would probably include air patrols, searchlights at short intervals
on the frontier etc. It was probable that the moment the Iraqis
finally realised that the Sheikh was determined to do nothing to
meet them, these plans would be put into effect. Mr.Kendel drew
attention to the fact that it would be extremely difficult for us
to secure the lifting of such a blockade once it had been imposed,
and expense had been incurred in putting it into effect.
9. Sir T.Fowle said that he thought the situation might
be eased if the Iraqis would at least agree to the demarcation of
the frontier between Koweit and Iraq. Sir A.Clark Kerr and
Mr.Rendel pointed out in reply that there was no reason why the
Iraqis, from their point of view, should agree to anything at all
in regard to Koweit. Their answer to any such proposals would be
"What are we going to get out of this?". The Iraqis were at
present so annoyed with the Sheikh of Koweit that they would
certainly do nothing to meet his wishes without a very substantial
quid oro quo . This the Sheikh of Koweit had steadily refused
to offer them.
10. Sir T.Fowle urged that it was in accordance with
international custom that a frontier commission should be appointed
would not this furnish a good reason for pressing the Iraqis to
agree to it? Mr.Rendel pointed out that this argument only applied
when nations were friendly. Frontier commissions had only been
established with Iraq ! s other neighbours after general settlement
had been reached with each. This was so in the case of Turkey,
Syria and Persia, where it had been impossible to dojanything about
frontier commissions until general relations had been established on
a satisfactory basis.
11. Sir A.Clark Kerr pointed out that, in the case of Koweit,
the Iraqis regarded the Sheikh as a thoroughly unsatisfactory and
unfriendly neighbour who was nothing but a nuisance and for whom
• m •

About this item


The volume contains correspondence related to Kuwait-Iraq smuggling and Iraqi incursions into Kuwaiti waters. The Shaikh of Kuwait raised his complaints to the Political Agent A mid-ranking political representative (equivalent to a Consul) from the diplomatic corps of the Government of India or one of its subordinate provincial governments, in charge of a Political Agency. , Kuwait, about Iraqi customs attacking Kuwaiti nationals, firewood collectors and fishermen and their jolly boats. With his letters the Shaikh enclosed statements by some of those who were attacked, as well as tables of the goods seized by the Iraqi police including cigarettes, fish, and camels.

Other issues raised in the correspondence are the following:

  • Investigation of the Iraq-Kuwait frontier incidents.
  • Cases that were dealt with and the possible compensation.
  • The export taxes on Iraqi cigarettes.
  • The Iraqi Government agreeing on building two police posts at Kuwait border, one at Zubair and one at Nadjmi.

The volume includes records of a meeting held in London to consider measures for dealing with smuggling between Iraq and Kuwait. It also includes records of the regulations of the King of Iraq regarding the issue of smuggling which were published in the Official Gazette of Iraq .

The main correspondents in the file are the Political Agency An office of the British Government and, earlier, of the East India Company. , Kuwait, the Political Residency A diplomatic office of the British Government established in the provinces and regions considered part of, or under the influence of, British India. , Bushire, the British Embassy, Baghdad, the Iraq Ministry for Foreign Affairs, the Hakim of Kuwait, and the Mutassarif of Basrah Liwa, Basra.

Extent and format
1 volume (182 folios)

The papers are arranged in approximate chronological order from the front to the rear of the volume.

Physical characteristics

Foliation: the main foliation sequence (used for referencing) commences at the first folio with 1 and terminates at the last folio with 182; these numbers are written in pencil, are circled, and are located in the top right corner of the recto The front of a sheet of paper or leaf, often abbreviated to 'r'. side of each folio.

The foliation sequence does not include the front and back covers; nor does it include the six leading and ending flyleaves.

An additional foliation sequence is present in parallel between ff 1-182; these numbers are also written in pencil and are circled, but are crossed through.

Written in
English and Arabic in Latin and Arabic script
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'File 2/2 VI Kuwait-Iraq Smuggling' [‎128r] (266/386), British Library: India Office Records and Private Papers, IOR/R/15/5/133, in Qatar Digital Library <> [accessed 14 October 2019]

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