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'File 2/2 VI Kuwait-Iraq Smuggling' [‎129r] (268/386)

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The record is made up of 1 volume (182 folios). It was created in 7 Feb 1937-1 Oct 1938. It was written in English and Arabic. The original is part of the British Library: India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. Records and Private Papers.


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they were not prepared to do anything at all. The Sheikh was
no doubt within his legal rights in refusing to co-operate
over the suppression of smuggling, but he might have to pay
heavily for insisting on those rights.
12. Sir !.1'ovvle emphasised the importance of not exercising
any pressure on the Sheikh. The position of His Majesty^
Government would become impossible if they tried to oblige him to
follow some course of action, and he were to refuse to do so. It
was not their policy to put pressure of this kind on the Persian
Gulf lulers under their protection. Mr.Kendel reminded the meeting
that His Majesty’s Government had not so long ago deposed the
reigning Sheikh of Bahrein; but Sir T. Powle regarded this case as
not constituting a valid parallel. He entirely agreed however
that it would be reasonable to put clearly before the Sheikh the
choice of evils with which he was faced, provided he was allowed
to choose freely between them.
IS. After considerable further discussion, it was
eventually agreed (a) that there would be no advantage to be gained
ih asking the Iraqi Government to agree either to the demarcation of
the Iraqi-, oweit frontier or to the establishment of a standing
frontier commission at this stage, since they would inevitably
refuse both suggestions; (b) that Hie Majesty’s Ambassador should,
however, on his return to Bagdad ascertain the precise intentions of
the Iraqi Government in regard to the proposed blockade, and inform
His Majesty’s Government and the Political Resident A senior ranking political representative (equivalent to a Consul General) from the diplomatic corps of the Government of India or one of its subordinate provincial governments, in charge of a Political Residency. in detail of
the particular form that that blockade was likely to take; (c) that
the Sheikh of Koweit should then be warned in the clearest terms
of the measures the Iraqi Government contemplated taking in order
to put an end to the smuggling by instituting a blockade, and that
every effort should be made to impress upon him the extremely

About this item


The volume contains correspondence related to Kuwait-Iraq smuggling and Iraqi incursions into Kuwaiti waters. The Shaikh of Kuwait raised his complaints to the Political Agent A mid-ranking political representative (equivalent to a Consul) from the diplomatic corps of the Government of India or one of its subordinate provincial governments, in charge of a Political Agency. , Kuwait, about Iraqi customs attacking Kuwaiti nationals, firewood collectors and fishermen and their jolly boats. With his letters the Shaikh enclosed statements by some of those who were attacked, as well as tables of the goods seized by the Iraqi police including cigarettes, fish, and camels.

Other issues raised in the correspondence are the following:

  • Investigation of the Iraq-Kuwait frontier incidents.
  • Cases that were dealt with and the possible compensation.
  • The export taxes on Iraqi cigarettes.
  • The Iraqi Government agreeing on building two police posts at Kuwait border, one at Zubair and one at Nadjmi.

The volume includes records of a meeting held in London to consider measures for dealing with smuggling between Iraq and Kuwait. It also includes records of the regulations of the King of Iraq regarding the issue of smuggling which were published in the Official Gazette of Iraq .

The main correspondents in the file are the Political Agency An office of the British Government and, earlier, of the East India Company. , Kuwait, the Political Residency A diplomatic office of the British Government established in the provinces and regions considered part of, or under the influence of, British India. , Bushire, the British Embassy, Baghdad, the Iraq Ministry for Foreign Affairs, the Hakim of Kuwait, and the Mutassarif of Basrah Liwa, Basra.

Extent and format
1 volume (182 folios)

The papers are arranged in approximate chronological order from the front to the rear of the volume.

Physical characteristics

Foliation: the main foliation sequence (used for referencing) commences at the first folio with 1 and terminates at the last folio with 182; these numbers are written in pencil, are circled, and are located in the top right corner of the recto The front of a sheet of paper or leaf, often abbreviated to 'r'. side of each folio.

The foliation sequence does not include the front and back covers; nor does it include the six leading and ending flyleaves.

An additional foliation sequence is present in parallel between ff 1-182; these numbers are also written in pencil and are circled, but are crossed through.

Written in
English and Arabic in Latin and Arabic script
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'File 2/2 VI Kuwait-Iraq Smuggling' [‎129r] (268/386), British Library: India Office Records and Private Papers, IOR/R/15/5/133, in Qatar Digital Library <> [accessed 17 October 2019]

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