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Coll 54/1(S) 'Middle East (Official) Committee: Reconstruction' [‎4r] (12/940)

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The record is made up of 1 file (468 folios). It was created in 20 Mar 1949-13 Dec 1949. It was written in English. The original is part of the British Library: India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. Records and Private Papers.

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Water Storage
Works; Tigris.
5 . As regards the Tigris, the Commission has
recommended that a large reservoir should he
constructed in the Y.'adt Thorthur depression, situated
between Samarra on the upper Tigris and Hit on the
Euphrates. The first stage, which will provide
for flood control only, is estimated to cost
£7,000,000. The second stage will cost a further
£7,£o5,CCCr and, m conjunction with the Gibraltar
and Dokhan dans mentioned below, will provide
irrigation wafer for 5*412,000 acres. It is
considered that the Wadi Tharthar project alone
uH it n-n<=m 7 »n flood control of the Tigris and its
tributaries except "n rare occasions.
The Commission recommended, however, that to make
flood control complete and also to x^rovide additional
irrigation water, the Wadi Tharthar project should
be supplemented by (a) a dam at the Gibraltar site
on the Diyala (£2,574 ? OCC) and
(b) a dam at Dokhan on the Lesser
Zab (£3,117,000).
Irrigati -
Development:
"QanalG etc.
6 # The total cost of canals and apportinent
works which will be required to extend the area of
irrigated land by 9,OOC,COC acres is estimated at
£29,335,000. Under this head special mention may
be made of one small project, The Commission stated
that the Musaiyab and Iskandariyah Canals on the left
bank of the middle Euidirates could be extended at a
cost of ID.400 to provide irrigation water for
142,500 acres of which about 116,250 acres is under
stood to be vacant Government land. This development
which could bo begun at any time and Would only take
about two years might thus offer possibilities for
the settlement of about 2 - 3000 families.
Drainage.
7 , In Iraq drainage is essential if the
productivity of irrigated lands is to be maintained.
Without it irrigated lands are liable to become
saline or water-logged. The Commission has
therefore recommended that all areas both of existing
irrigation and new development should be provided with
an adequate drainage system. The cost is estimated
as follows
(1) Old irrigated areas
requiring drainage, 3 > 410,000 acres;
£8,160,OCO
(2) How irrigated area 9,000,000 £15.360.00 0
' Total £23,520,000.
8 . Development of hydro-electric power per so
Hydro-Elcotrio cannot in-Iraq compete economically with oil. When
Power* combined with flood ccntr i ana storage projects,
however, the oaos of economic hydro—electric
power development are increased. An estimate of
£7,667,000 has been included for this purpose.
9 % The Commission has recommended that certain
Navigation. small regulating works should bo undertaken on the * 10
lower Tigris to permit navigation at all times of the
year. The cost might bo about £2,948,°00.
10. Storage Works Cost
Proposed
Programme oyer Completion of Hannibiya Project — £2,0CC,CCC
the first 1 ten Stage 1.
years.
/Completion

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Content

The file contains papers relating to the Middle East (Official) Committee. It consists of: papers circulated to members of the Committee, received by the External Department of the Commonwealth Relations Office (CRO); a few items of CRO correspondence with the Foreign Office, the Cabinet Office, and Commonwealth governments; and a register of papers received or sent by the CRO relating to the Committee, with internal CRO correspondence (at the back of the file).

The file includes agendas for meetings of the Committee, and minutes of the meetings on 28 April, 5 May, 5 July and 19 July 1949. Matters discussed and recorded in the minutes include: the reconstitution of the Committee; the re-settlement of Arab refugees from Palestine; the report on Economic and Social Development in the Middle East by the Working Party of the Committee; the future work of the Committee; the Conference of HM Representatives in the Middle East to be held in London from 26 to 29 July 1949; United States President Truman’s ‘Fourth Point’ (Truman’s message of 24 June 1949 to the United States House of Representatives, communicating a ‘Recommendation for the Enactment of Legislation to Authorise an Expanded Programme of Technical Assistance for Underdeveloped Areas of the World’); and further studies of the Working Party.

The file also includes the following papers prepared by (or approved by) the Working Party of the Committee: draft, revised and interim versions of the report on Economic and Social Development in the Middle East; papers relating to the economic and social development of Iraq, Syria, Greater Transjordan, Egypt, the Lebannon, Saudi Arabia, Cyrenaica, Tripolitania, Eritrea and Somalia, and the Colony of Aden and the Aden Protectorate; and a paper on Middle East oil.

In addition, the file includes other papers relating to matters discussed at the meetings, and the following subjects: Transjordan; irrigation development in Iraq; Persia’s [Iran’s] Seven Year Plan for development; informal conversations on social and economic affairs in the Middle East between representatives of the Foreign Office, the Treasury, the British Embassy in Washington, and the United States State Department; the work of the Development Division of British Middle East Office; a survey of the oil resources of the Middle East; and economic development in Cyprus in relation to the Middle East.

Extent and format
1 file (468 folios)
Arrangement

The papers are arranged in approximate reverse chronological order from the front to the rear of the file.

Numbers in red pen on the top right hand corner of items in the file refer to entries in the register of papers received and sent by the Commonwealth Relations Office at the back of the file.

Physical characteristics

Foliation: the foliation sequence (used for referencing) commences at the front cover with 1, and terminates at the last folio with 468; these numbers are written in pencil, are circled, and are located in the top right corner of the recto The front of a sheet of paper or leaf, often abbreviated to 'r'. side of each folio.

A previous foliation sequence, which is also circled, has been superseded and therefore crossed out.

Written in
English in Latin script
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Coll 54/1(S) 'Middle East (Official) Committee: Reconstruction' [‎4r] (12/940), British Library: India Office Records and Private Papers, IOR/L/PS/12/4756, in Qatar Digital Library <https://www.qdl.qa/archive/81055/vdc_100043455634.0x00000d> [accessed 18 November 2019]

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