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Coll 54/2 'Middle East (Official) Committee: Working Party' [‎75r] (149/642)

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The record is made up of 1 file (320 folios). It was created in 11 Apr 1949-13 Apr 1950. It was written in English. The original is part of the British Library: India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. Records and Private Papers.


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commence with about 2,000 direct exchange lines and would be
capable of enlargement in due course* It also provides for
an extension of the urban distribution system of cables and
overhead wires^according to a ten-year plan# This scheme is
regarded as being entirely satisfactory from a commercial
point of view, and the estimatedannial revenue of £ 30,000
from 1,000 telephones would be adequate to defray interest,
maintenance and operating charges.
5# The electricity scheme is based upon the importance
of providing sufficient power to meet present demand and the
possible industrial development in the future. It is proTJor 0 ^
to construct a new power station with two new 5,000 kilov/att
generating sets. This, and the construction of a new hospital
are the two most costly items in the Colony^ development
6. The Colony of Aden obtains its water supply from a number
of semi-artesian wells situated near the suburb of Sheikh
Othmon, about eight miles from the main town of Aden. Water
is piped in from these wells and provides a supply not only
for the needs of the town but also for sale to ships calling
at the port of Aden. It is now proposed to make five additional
bore-holes at Sheikh Othman, and this plan would bring the
maximum amount of water which it would be possible to raise
to about 4,000,000 gallons per day* The scheme also provides
for a new reservoir in the town of Aden and the laying of new
pipe lines,
7* It will be seen that a large sum has been allocated
to the construction of roads, and another important development
is the creation of a Civil Airport.
8. New educational plans v/hich will be of importance
to the Aden Protectorate as v/ell as to the Colony of Aden
are the establishing of an Aden College and a Trade School,
and additional schools for both boys and girls are contemplated
to meet the growing demand for education in the Colony,
9. The prosperity of Aden is bound up with the fortunes
of its port- and these are in turn largely dependent upon the
fact that it is an oil fuelling port of call of the first
importance on the main shipping route from Europe to the East.
(The Aden Port Trust is a statutory and semi-autonomous body
controlled, under the supervision of the Governor of Aden, by
a Board of Trustees). The Anglo-Iranion Oil Company (Aden)
Limited have now seven submarine pipe lines serving bunkering
berths on the South side of the harbour, while Caltex Oil
(Aden) Limited, whose installation was erected in 1946, have
three submarine pipe lines serving bunkering berths on the
North side of the harbour. In the first full year of bunker:’ng
operations, which was in 1920 , deliveries were made to only
98 vessels, but in 1947 the'vessels bunkered by the A,I.O.
(Aden) Limited amounted to 1,453 merchant vessels, and 87
tankers were discharged, while Caltex Oil (Aden) Limited
bunkered 205 vessels and discharged 15 tankers.
10. Stocks of furnace, diesel and gas oil are maintained
and the storage capacity has increased by over fourfold since
1918, when the Anglo-Persian Oil Company Limited first decided
to instal facilities at Aden. To maintain the high efficiency
of their bunkering installation the A.I.O, (Aden) Limited are

About this item


The file contains papers relating to the Working Party of the Middle East (Official) Committee. It mainly consists of Working Party papers received by the Commonwealth Relations Office, and a register of these papers with notes at the back of the file.

The file includes agendas for meetings of the Working Party. It also includes papers circulated to members of the Working Party for consideration at meetings, relating to the following subjects: economic and social development in the Middle East in general; the Iraq Central Development Board; the question of an International Bank Loan for Iraq; a visit to Bahrain in January/February 1949 by Matthew Thomas Audsley; the Persian [Iranian] Seven-Year Plan; employment of British experts in the Middle East; a survey of the oil resources of the Middle East; and economic factors in Middle East development.

In addition, the file includes papers relating to economic and social development of the following places: Iraq; Greater Transjordan; Saudi Arabia; Cyrenaica, Tripolitania [Libya], Eritrea, and Somalia; the Colony of Aden and the Aden Protectorate; the Lebannon; Ethiopia; Sudan; and Yemen.

Extent and format
1 file (320 folios)

The papers are arranged in reverse chronological order from the front to the rear of the file.

Numbers in red pen on the top right hand corner of items in the file refer to entries in the register of papers received by the Commonwealth Relations Office at the back of the file.

Physical characteristics

Foliation: the foliation sequence (used for referencing) commences at the front cover with 1, and terminates at the last folio with 320; these numbers are written in pencil, are circled, and are located in the top right corner of the recto The front of a sheet of paper or leaf, often abbreviated to 'r'. side of each folio.

A previous foliation sequence, which is also circled, has been superseded and therefore crossed out.

Written in
English in Latin script
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Coll 54/2 'Middle East (Official) Committee: Working Party' [‎75r] (149/642), British Library: India Office Records and Private Papers, IOR/L/PS/12/4758, in Qatar Digital Library <> [accessed 30 March 2020]

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