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Coll 54/2 'Middle East (Official) Committee: Working Party' [‎159v] (318/642)

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The record is made up of 1 file (320 folios). It was created in 11 Apr 1949-13 Apr 1950. It was written in English. The original is part of the British Library: India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. Records and Private Papers.


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- 2 -
Middle East oil development. His Majesty 1 s Government particularly
so in view of its controlling shareholding in the Anglo-Iranr^i
Oil Company, Both governments have been anxious to ensure an
increasing flow of production from the Middle East, the British
because such imports represent a dollar saving and the Americans
because the increase in the domestic demand of the U.S.A. has
changed that country from a net exporter to a net importer.
4« With regard to oil concessions and production, there has been
in recent years increasing infiltration of American interests,
independently and in co-operation with British companies. Details
of these activities will be found in the various chapters dealing
with countries separately. Oil development in the tv;o main
producing countries, Iran and Saudi Arabia, continues to be
undertaken independently, respectively by British and American
concessionaires which latter also hold the concession on Bahrein
Island. The oilfield in Kuwait State, which has become next in
importance as a producer, is being developed by a company, owned
in equal shares by British and American concerns. In Iraq, the
other major oil producing country in the Middle East, apart from
a small area conceded to a British company, the oil concessions are
held by an international undertaking comprising British, American,
French and Dutch interests. The concession for Qatar, which is
still in the early stages of development, is held by the same
combine. The oilfields in Egypt are being developed by British
and American companies.
5. The development of oil resources by British and United States
companies has had a significant effect on the economies of the
countries concerned. In most of the states the rentals, royalties
and other payments provide the largest item of the governmental
revenues. In 1948 no less than £24.9 millions were paid in
royalties to these Governments and with negotiations in progress

About this item


The file contains papers relating to the Working Party of the Middle East (Official) Committee. It mainly consists of Working Party papers received by the Commonwealth Relations Office, and a register of these papers with notes at the back of the file.

The file includes agendas for meetings of the Working Party. It also includes papers circulated to members of the Working Party for consideration at meetings, relating to the following subjects: economic and social development in the Middle East in general; the Iraq Central Development Board; the question of an International Bank Loan for Iraq; a visit to Bahrain in January/February 1949 by Matthew Thomas Audsley; the Persian [Iranian] Seven-Year Plan; employment of British experts in the Middle East; a survey of the oil resources of the Middle East; and economic factors in Middle East development.

In addition, the file includes papers relating to economic and social development of the following places: Iraq; Greater Transjordan; Saudi Arabia; Cyrenaica, Tripolitania [Libya], Eritrea, and Somalia; the Colony of Aden and the Aden Protectorate; the Lebannon; Ethiopia; Sudan; and Yemen.

Extent and format
1 file (320 folios)

The papers are arranged in reverse chronological order from the front to the rear of the file.

Numbers in red pen on the top right hand corner of items in the file refer to entries in the register of papers received by the Commonwealth Relations Office at the back of the file.

Physical characteristics

Foliation: the foliation sequence (used for referencing) commences at the front cover with 1, and terminates at the last folio with 320; these numbers are written in pencil, are circled, and are located in the top right corner of the recto The front of a sheet of paper or leaf, often abbreviated to 'r'. side of each folio.

A previous foliation sequence, which is also circled, has been superseded and therefore crossed out.

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English in Latin script
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Coll 54/2 'Middle East (Official) Committee: Working Party' [‎159v] (318/642), British Library: India Office Records and Private Papers, IOR/L/PS/12/4758, in Qatar Digital Library <> [accessed 23 February 2020]

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