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Coll 17/1 'Iraq-Nejd Relations: Bon Voisinage Agreement and Extradition; Treaty of Friendship, 1936' [‎28r] (55/857)

The record is made up of 1 file (428 folios). It was created in 3 Jan 1931-6 May 1940. It was written in English. The original is part of the British Library: India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. Records and Private Papers.

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• • •
^his Document is the Property of His Britannic Majesty’s Government, an d §boi>ld.hf,jr,gtymgd,
to the Foreign Office if not required for official use.]
GENERAL DISTRIBUTION .
From SAUDI ARABIA.
/
Decypher. Mr. Stonehewer Bird (Jedda).
15th February, 1940.
E. 2.50 p.m., 15th February, 1940.
E. 4.00 p.m., 15th February, 1940.
No. 28.
My telegram No. 13.
Yusif Yasin on instructions from Itm Saud left with me
copies of the notes referred to in Sir B. Newton’s letter of
January 16th. Pull translation follows by bag.
2. Two-thirds of the note from the Saudi Minister at
Bagdad to Minister for Foreign Affairs of January 6th is devoted
to misdeeds of the Shammar tribe constituting or arising out
of the breaches of Lohammerah Bahra and bon voisinage treaties.
0 Net Brook suggests three alternatives:
(1) , triba„u nationality treaty to be ratified without
.modification.
(2) Treaty of Mohammerah to be enforced and Nejd Shammar
returned to Nejd.
(3) Nejd Shammar to be moved beyond the Euphrates.
3. Yusif Yasin in handing me the notes stated that Ibn
Saud was still awaiting the views of His Majesty's Government
on his suggestion that His Majesty's Government should
adjudicate.
4. Hafiz V/ahba before he left with Ibn Saud for Riyadh
last week hinted that he might be sent to Bagdad to try and

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Content

This file contains papers regarding relations between the Government of Iraq and the Government of Hejaz and Najd (later Saudi Arabia). It documents negotiations for the conclusion of the 1931 Bon Voisinage Agreement, Arbitration Protocol and Extradition Treaty, and the 1936 Treaty of Friendship (also referred to as the Treaty of Alliance). It includes discussions on: the treatment of tribal and political offenders; proposals for an alliance or federation of Arab states; customs arrangements between Iraq and Saudi Arabia; the first Iraqi diplomatic mission to Najd and the Hejaz in 1932; delimitation of the border; abolition of the neutral zone at Tawal [Tawāl]; and an agreement concerning the rights of the Shammar tribes.

The papers primarily comprise correspondence between the Foreign Office, HM Minister at Jedda (Sir Andrew Ryan, later Stonehewer-Bird), the High Commissioner for Iraq (Francis Henry Humphrys), and the India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. Political Department. The file also contains correspondence between these officials and the Iraqi and Saudi Ministries for Foreign Affairs, as well as translations of notes communicated by the Iraqi Prime Minister (Nuri Pasha) and Ibn Sa'ud ['Abd al-'Azīz bin 'Abd al-Raḥmān bin Fayṣal Āl Sa'ūd].

In addition to the correspondence, the following treaty texts and minutes are found within the file:

  • Draft texts of the Bon Voisinage Treaty, Arbitration Protocol and Extradition Treaty, signed at Mecca on 7-8 April, ff 269-280.
  • Memorandum by HM Embassy at Iraq on the proposed Iraqi-Saudi Treaty of Friendship, ff 171-172.
  • English translations of drafts of the proposed treaty, ff 183-186, 153-160.
  • English translation of the version of the Treaty of Friendship signed on 2 April 1936, ff 110-139.
  • Notes on the Saudi-Iraq Boundary dispute, ff 105-108.
  • English translation of the Residence and Passport Agreement between Iraq and Saudi Arabia, signed 1936, ff 88.
  • Notes on a meeting between Maurice Peterson and the Iraqi Minister for Foreign Affairs, 1939, ff 73-75.

The file includes dividers which give lists of correspondence references contained in the file by year. These are placed at the end of the correspondence (folios 2-3).

Extent and format
1 file (428 folios)
Arrangement

The papers are arranged in rough chronological order from the rear to the front of the file.

Physical characteristics

Foliation: the foliation sequence (used for referencing) commences at the inside front cover with 1, and terminates at the last folio with 428; these numbers are written in pencil, are circled, and are located in the top right corner of the recto The front of a sheet of paper or leaf, often abbreviated to 'r'. side of each folio. An additional foliation sequence is present in parallel between ff 2-427; these numbers are written in pencil, but are not circled.

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English in Latin script
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Coll 17/1 'Iraq-Nejd Relations: Bon Voisinage Agreement and Extradition; Treaty of Friendship, 1936' [‎28r] (55/857), British Library: India Office Records and Private Papers, IOR/L/PS/12/2845, in Qatar Digital Library <https://www.qdl.qa/archive/81055/vdc_100043703120.0x00003a> [accessed 19 October 2019]

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