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Coll 17/1 'Iraq-Nejd Relations: Bon Voisinage Agreement and Extradition; Treaty of Friendship, 1936' [‎112v] (224/857)

The record is made up of 1 file (428 folios). It was created in 3 Jan 1931-6 May 1940. It was written in English. The original is part of the British Library: India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. Records and Private Papers.


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(3) If circumstances should necessitate the adoption of joint measures to
suppress disturbances or disorders, the two high contracting parties shall consult
with each other concerning the policy of co-operation which shall be followed for
this purpose.
Article 6 .
Having regard to the Islamic brotherhood and Arab unity which unite the
Kingdom of the Yemen to the high contracting parties, they shall both endeavour
to secure the accession of the Government of the Yemen to this treaty. Any other
independent Arab State shall on request be permitted to accede to this treaty.
Article 7.
The two high contracting parties will co-operate with a view to unifying the
Islamic and Arab culture and the military systems of their two countries by
means of the exchange of educational and military missions to study the system
followed in their respective countries and as far as possible to co-ordinate these
systems and to seek to obtain reciprocal benefit from their respective educational
and military institutions and the training and instruction which is available in
them. The number of persons to compose each mission shall be determined by
discussion between the high contracting parties from time to time.
Article 8 .
The diplomatic and consular representatives of either high contracting party
may if requested undertake the representation of the interests of the other high
contracting party in foreign countries where such other party has no representa
tives; provided that this shall not in any way affect the freedom of such other
party to appoint separate representatives of his own should he so desire.
Article 9.
It is agreed by the high contracting parties that there is nothing in the
present treaty to prejudice the rights and undertakings of the Government of
Iraq under the Covenant of the League of Nations and the Treaty of Alliance
concluded between Iraq and Great Britain on the 30th June, 1930. The high
contracting parties further agree to carry out the provisions of article 17 of the
Covenant of the League of Nations, and to observe the principles of the Treaty
for the Renunciation of War, signed at Paris on the 27th August, 1928, to which
both high contracting parties have adhered.
Article 10 .
If one of the high contracting parties commits an act of aggression against
another State, the other high contracting party may denounce this treaty without
previous warning. This denunciation shall not affect the friendship which links
their two countries, and shall not affect the treaties and conventions mentioned in
article 11 of this treaty.
Article 11 .
All provisions of the following treaties concluded between the two kingdoms
which do not conflict with the provisions of the present treaty shall remain in
force until they are amended or cancelled by other treaties :
(1) Treaty of Mohammerah, dated 7 Ramadan, 1340, of the Hijra corres
ponding to the 5th May, 1922 of the Christian era.

About this item


This file contains papers regarding relations between the Government of Iraq and the Government of Hejaz and Najd (later Saudi Arabia). It documents negotiations for the conclusion of the 1931 Bon Voisinage Agreement, Arbitration Protocol and Extradition Treaty, and the 1936 Treaty of Friendship (also referred to as the Treaty of Alliance). It includes discussions on: the treatment of tribal and political offenders; proposals for an alliance or federation of Arab states; customs arrangements between Iraq and Saudi Arabia; the first Iraqi diplomatic mission to Najd and the Hejaz in 1932; delimitation of the border; abolition of the neutral zone at Tawal [Tawāl]; and an agreement concerning the rights of the Shammar tribes.

The papers primarily comprise correspondence between the Foreign Office, HM Minister at Jedda (Sir Andrew Ryan, later Stonehewer-Bird), the High Commissioner for Iraq (Francis Henry Humphrys), and the India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. Political Department. The file also contains correspondence between these officials and the Iraqi and Saudi Ministries for Foreign Affairs, as well as translations of notes communicated by the Iraqi Prime Minister (Nuri Pasha) and Ibn Sa'ud ['Abd al-'Azīz bin 'Abd al-Raḥmān bin Fayṣal Āl Sa'ūd].

In addition to the correspondence, the following treaty texts and minutes are found within the file:

  • Draft texts of the Bon Voisinage Treaty, Arbitration Protocol and Extradition Treaty, signed at Mecca on 7-8 April, ff 269-280.
  • Memorandum by HM Embassy at Iraq on the proposed Iraqi-Saudi Treaty of Friendship, ff 171-172.
  • English translations of drafts of the proposed treaty, ff 183-186, 153-160.
  • English translation of the version of the Treaty of Friendship signed on 2 April 1936, ff 110-139.
  • Notes on the Saudi-Iraq Boundary dispute, ff 105-108.
  • English translation of the Residence and Passport Agreement between Iraq and Saudi Arabia, signed 1936, ff 88.
  • Notes on a meeting between Maurice Peterson and the Iraqi Minister for Foreign Affairs, 1939, ff 73-75.

The file includes dividers which give lists of correspondence references contained in the file by year. These are placed at the end of the correspondence (folios 2-3).

Extent and format
1 file (428 folios)

The papers are arranged in rough chronological order from the rear to the front of the file.

Physical characteristics

Foliation: the foliation sequence (used for referencing) commences at the inside front cover with 1, and terminates at the last folio with 428; these numbers are written in pencil, are circled, and are located in the top right corner of the recto The front of a sheet of paper or leaf, often abbreviated to 'r'. side of each folio. An additional foliation sequence is present in parallel between ff 2-427; these numbers are written in pencil, but are not circled.

Written in
English in Latin script
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Coll 17/1 'Iraq-Nejd Relations: Bon Voisinage Agreement and Extradition; Treaty of Friendship, 1936' [‎112v] (224/857), British Library: India Office Records and Private Papers, IOR/L/PS/12/2845, in Qatar Digital Library <> [accessed 21 October 2019]

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