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File 3516/1914 Pt 11 'Persia: protection of Anglo-Persian Oil Co's fields etc' [‎114v] (233/550)

The record is made up of 1 volume (271 folios). It was created in 27 Jun 1915-8 May 1919. It was written in English. The original is part of the British Library: India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. Records and Private Papers.

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•'i
I/*
rights s^cur#, and tlvr^fora propose that His
Majesty's Government should lease the islands and so
obtain undivided , control over them. At the end of
paragraph 3 of their letter they seem to go even
further, and use l^gu^e toat m^t almost be
exclusive of the 5 Northern provinces!
The proposal to lease or purchase the islands
i 3 not a new one; it was discussed at considerable
length in 1914 (sea especially minute on P. 2017,
flogged on the file below), and was then supported
mainly on strategical grounds, it being held:-
(1) that the groups of islands, tak^n togetrier,
are, politically and strategically, the key to the
Persian Gulf Historically used by the British to refer to the sea area between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran. Often referred to as The Gulf or the Arabian Gulf. ;
(2) that they command Bunder Abbas, which had
been declared by His Majesty’s Government to be the
point at which the Trans-Persian railway must touch
the sea; and
(3) that, between them they form the best, if
not the only, anchorage for men-of-war at the mouth
of th^ Gulf,
Negotiations on the subject proceeded throughout
1914, but little progress was made towards coming to
an agreement with the Persian Government. Eventually,
in January 1915, it was decided to drop the subject
for the time being and it had not since been revised.
The Admiralty letter raises isiues of a very
wide nature, and it will doubtless be thought
desirable to consult the Government of India and Sir
P. Cox (to whom copies of the papers were sent, by
the mail of 6thDecember), before committing ourselves
to a definite expression of opinion.
whole
i.e. KihkaikIfeU
Hen jam, Larak, j
Horraus, and
Sheikh/Shuaib

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Content

The volume concerns the situation in Persia during the First World War. The main focus is the protection of Anglo-Persian Oil Company's (APOC) oilfields and pipelines in south-western Persia.

The volume covers:

  • Defence of APOC property.
  • Notes on oilfields in Arabistan [Khuzestan].
  • Water supply of the oilfields.
  • Creation of Inter-departmental Committee on the Defence of the Persian Oil Fields and its report (ff 230-235).
  • Despatch of a small force to defend the oilfields in 1917.
  • Acquiring British control over the oilfields.
  • King's Regulation impeding to leave APOC without the consent of the Consul General for Fars, for the period of the war (f 110).
  • Providing a guard for APOC's oilfields at Maidan-i-Neptun.
  • Military training for European APOC employees.

The volume’s principal correspondents are: John Nixon, General Officer Commanding, India Expeditionary Force 'D', Basrah; Charles Hardinge, Viceroy of India; Thomas William Holderness and Arthur Hirtzel, India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. ; William Graham Greene, Oswyn Murray and Edmond John Warre Slade, Admiralty; Eyre Alexander Barby Wichart Crowe and Maurice de Bunsen, Foreign Office; Austen Chamberlain, Secretary of State for India; Anglo-Persian Oil Company; Charles Marling, British Minister at Tehran; Percy Cox, Political Resident A senior ranking political representative (equivalent to a Consul General) from the diplomatic corps of the Government of India or one of its subordinate provincial governments, in charge of a Political Residency. in Persian Gulf Historically used by the British to refer to the sea area between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran. Often referred to as The Gulf or the Arabian Gulf. .

There are three maps within the file, 'Map A' (2 copies) on folios 264 and 271, and 'Part of River Karun' on folio 265.

Extent and format
1 volume (271 folios)
Arrangement

The papers are arranged in approximate chronological order from the rear to the front of the volume.

Physical characteristics

Foliation: the main foliation sequence (used for referencing) commences at the inside front cover with 1, and terminates at the inside back cover with 273; these numbers are written in pencil, are circled, and are located in the top right corner of the recto The front of a sheet of paper or leaf, often abbreviated to 'r'. side of each folio. An additional foliation sequence is present in parallel between ff 3-272; these numbers are also written in pencil, but are not circled.

Written in
English in Latin script
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File 3516/1914 Pt 11 'Persia: protection of Anglo-Persian Oil Co's fields etc' [‎114v] (233/550), British Library: India Office Records and Private Papers, IOR/L/PS/10/487, in Qatar Digital Library <https://www.qdl.qa/archive/81055/vdc_100044309984.0x000022> [accessed 13 December 2019]

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