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File 3516/1914 Pt 14 'German War: Persia; general situation' [‎39v] (83/532)

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The record is made up of 1 volume (261 folios). It was created in 8 Aug 1915-30 Nov 1915. It was written in English. The original is part of the British Library: India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. Records and Private Papers Documents collected in a private capacity. .

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Some 4 months a?o Haji Alt saw the three Indians mentioned above
at Shiraz, where they attended a secret conference with Wassmuss. Aga
Sufi and Wassmuss were shortly to proceed on a political mission into
Afghanistan, where a number of German Military officers had already col-
lected to take over command of the Amir’s troops.
(S') Mr. Wassmuss had informed him (Haji Ah) that certain Greeks
had recently arrived at Basrah, with false passports, Irom Shanghai. Ikey
had instructions from the German Consul at Shanghai to set the Aiabs at
Basrah against the British, but they had tailed in their mission as they had
been arrested. Wote.-'f'hese Greeks were undoubtedly (1) Caravolos, now
in iail in Bombay, who had a Greek passport, 0) Christos Nicolas Laondis,
who had a Breach passport though he has been given a permit (No. 4/85 W.,
dated the 7th July 1915) to leave Bombay as a Greek subject (this man died
at TWah't and (3) Neofitor Pisanis, who had an Italian passport, who left
Bombay With permit No. 4819 W., dated the 8th July 1915. Pisanis was
denorted from Basrah to Bombay, whence he sailed by the Italian Line for
Eavut en route io Greece-wde permit No. 5560 W., dated ttie aOth August
1915. A separate report is being submitted in another connection on tue
movements of these three men.
(6) Mr. Wassmuss informed Haji Ali that a large consignment of
firearms was on its wa^ to India from Snanghai.
(7) Telegrams from Germany had been received in Askhabad to the
following effect :—
(a') Laro-e Turkish forces, under German officers, had collected at
Baghdad, and it was believed in Persia that the Turks would soon reconquer
the territory they had lost to the Biitish.
(&) There was strong anti-British feeling amongst the Indian Prisoners-of-
war interned in Germany.
(c) Seventeen thousand Indian Muhammadan soldiers had deserted to the
Turks in the Dardanelles and were fighting against their former masters.
(d) The Kaiser was very ill.
(<?) Great dissatisfaction was being felt in military circles against the
conduct of the Crown Prince.
(/) It was widely believed in Germany that a separate peace with Kussia
was imminent.
(g) Had it not been for the kindness of Roumania in permitting German
officers and supplies to pass through, the Dardanelles would have fallen long
ago.
As regards item (6) above, Haji Ali did not divulge this information until
he had been well primed with brandy (neat) and several glasses of bear at
Delhi Station and was in a State of semi-intoxication. When he came to his
more sober senses he was very much exercised at having said so much and
hound Sub-Inspector Schiif to secrecy by all the oaths in the Arabic vocabul
ary. He expressed great surprise at the extraordinary lack of arrangements
existing in India for the search and examination of ships coming from the
east. He said that the Germans had found it impossible to elude the surveil
lance of the Customs approaching India from the west, but it was com
paratively safe and easy to send ship-ioads of arms into the country from the
Par East. He did not say that any arms had yet come into the country, but
that the Germans had discovered an easy route by which to send them.
Haji Ali also said that, shortly before the outrage at Bushire resulting in
the assassination of two British officers, Wassmuss, accompanied by a number
of Germans from Baghdad, distributed arms amongst the Persians in Bushire.
Sub-Inspector Scbiff is of opinion that Haji Ali is not a true patriot and
that kind treatment and bribery would probably induce him to make more
revelations of interest.

About this item

Content

The volume concerns the situation in south-western Persia during the First World War. The main focus is the British occupation of Bushire.

The volume covers:

  • Attack on British Consulate at Ispahan, which resulted in the wounding of the Consul and the death of one of the Sowars employed as escorts at the Consulate.
  • German activity in Persia; movements of German agents.
  • Turkish officers in Persia.
  • Possible Russian occupation of north-western Persia.
  • Attitude of Persian Government and situation at Tehran and in the rest of Persia.
  • Information suggesting that maps of Persia, Afghanistan and Mesopotamia were made available by the Germans to the Turks.
  • Rumoured arrest of British Consul at Shiraz.
  • Appointment of Darya Begi as Governor of Gulf Ports.
  • Alarm caused by advance of Russian troops.
  • Evacuation of British Consul from Kermanshah.
  • Arrest of British subjects from Shiraz.
  • Demands of Khans in return for the release of Shiraz prisoners.

The volume’s principal correspondents are: Charles Marling, British Minister at Tehran; British Consuls at Kerman (C T Ducat), Sistan and Kain (Francis Beville Pridaux), Isfahan (G Grahame), Khorasan, Yazd, Lingeh [Bandar Lengeh] (W R Howson); Percy Cox, Political Resident A senior ranking political representative (equivalent to a Consul General) from the diplomatic corps of the Government of India or one of its subordinate provincial governments, in charge of a Political Residency. in Persian Gulf The historical term used to describe the body of water between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran. ; Arthur Prescott Trevor, Deputy Political Resident A senior ranking political representative (equivalent to a Consul General) from the diplomatic corps of the Government of India or one of its subordinate provincial governments, in charge of a Political Residency. in Persian Gulf The historical term used to describe the body of water between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran. ; Foreign Secretary to the Government of India; Thomas William Holderness and Arthur Hirtzel, India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. ; War Office; Charles Hardinge, Viceroy of India; Walter Langley and Maurice de Bunsen, Foreign Office; War Office; George Buchanan, British Ambassador in Russia; Darya Begi; the American Embassy in London; the Adjutant General in India.

There is a letter in French, from the French Embassy in London; there is a translation of a newspaper article, from Jam-i-Jam.

Extent and format
1 volume (261 folios)
Arrangement

The papers are arranged in approximate chronological order from the rear to the front of the volume.

Physical characteristics

Foliation: the foliation sequence for this description commences at the inside front cover with 1, and terminates at the inside back cover with 263; these numbers are written in pencil, are circled, and are located in the top right corner of the recto The front of a sheet of paper or leaf, often abbreviated to 'r'. side of each folio.

Written in
English in Latin script
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File 3516/1914 Pt 14 'German War: Persia; general situation' [‎39v] (83/532), British Library: India Office Records and Private Papers, IOR/L/PS/10/490, in Qatar Digital Library <https://www.qdl.qa/archive/81055/vdc_100044312163.0x000054> [accessed 20 July 2024]

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