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File 3516/1914 Pt 14 'German War: Persia; general situation' [‎40v] (85/532)

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The record is made up of 1 volume (261 folios). It was created in 8 Aug 1915-30 Nov 1915. It was written in English. The original is part of the British Library: India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. Records and Private Papers.

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43
and agents remain in Pars that any improvement can he expected in situation.
Unless Persian Government are prepared and able to have them removed, in
my opinion it is better for us to withdraw. I fear neither Kawam or Soulefc
can be relied on to deal with situation adequately.
“ One advantage of withdrawal would be that it would enable our author
ities in Gulf and elsewhere to undertake such military and other measures as
may be considered advisable. Persian Government, I would suggest, should
he informed of expulsion of British from Shiraz and that it entails on the part
of His Majesty’s Government following measures: —
“ A. Military occupation of Sistan and Arabistan Gulf ports.
“ B. Stoppage until situation in Persia is satisfactory of all trade with
Southern Persia both import and export.
“Withdrawal from Kerman and Yezd might he also necessary. Addressed
Minister; repeated Resident, Bushire.” Ends.
N. P ,—Of course if we can no longer look to Soulet and Kawam to save
situation in Pars I see nothing for it but to direct Consul and British Colony
to leave but though position of Consul is beyond question very perilous I can
hardly think after his repeated expressions of completion (confidence ?) in them
that these individuals are really incapable of taking effective action provided
we are ready to finance them and that they understand that we look to them to
administer province almost independently of central Government. We must
expect if Consul leaves to see both Kawam and Soulet fall into enemy’s camp
and effect on Kuhgelus and even on Bakhtiari would be deplorable. Of
course I am most reluctant to ask Consul to remain in a position of so much
danger, but interests at stake make it necessary it appears to me to hold out as
long as possible. I think Kawam should be able to provide sufficient force to
protect Consulate if we can find requisite money. Unless Indian military
authorities can find sufficient force to undertake expedition inland simultaneous
ly with contemplated reinforcement of Russian troops at Kasvin, I can see no
advantages in evacuation. Occupation of Gulf Ports would have little useful
effect and indeed would probably only result in adding fuel to hostility which
has been raised against us by Germans.
Repeated Petrograd and Sir P. Cox.
118
Telegram P., No. 409 F., dated the 25th (received 26th) October 1915.
From—His Britannic Majesty’s Minister, Tehran,
To—The Secretary to the Government of India in the Foreign and Political Depart
ment, Simla.
Please see my telegram No. 397. Yesterday Prime Minister called on
Russian Minister and said that even with two instalments paid down 30,000
pounds a month was insufficient and that in virtue of retroactive effect of
moratorium Government required 8i 0,000 tomans at once. Some of Turkish
o eers (my telegram No. 402), His Highness also admitted, might be taken
into service of Persian Government.
Purther I have received some evidence from Meshed which suggests that
Minister for Foreign Affairs who has hitherto showm himself friendiv is also
playing into German hands by assisting escape to {in no ?) Tehran where there
are already some SO of them of Austrian prisoners of war.
n r i 1 liaV ? ^ Pen i Unable to - da y to see any Persian Minister. Monday is a
.noiiday. 1 hope however early to-morrow to see Prime Minister.
Repeated to Basrah and Petrograd.

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Content

The volume concerns the situation in south-western Persia during the First World War. The main focus is the British occupation of Bushire.

The volume covers:

  • Attack on British Consulate at Ispahan, which resulted in the wounding of the Consul and the death of one of the Sowars employed as escorts at the Consulate.
  • German activity in Persia; movements of German agents.
  • Turkish officers in Persia.
  • Possible Russian occupation of north-western Persia.
  • Attitude of Persian Government and situation at Tehran and in the rest of Persia.
  • Information suggesting that maps of Persia, Afghanistan and Mesopotamia were made available by the Germans to the Turks.
  • Rumoured arrest of British Consul at Shiraz.
  • Appointment of Darya Begi as Governor of Gulf Ports.
  • Alarm caused by advance of Russian troops.
  • Evacuation of British Consul from Kermanshah.
  • Arrest of British subjects from Shiraz.
  • Demands of Khans in return for the release of Shiraz prisoners.

The volume’s principal correspondents are: Charles Marling, British Minister at Tehran; British Consuls at Kerman (C T Ducat), Sistan and Kain (Francis Beville Pridaux), Isfahan (G Grahame), Khorasan, Yazd, Lingeh [Bandar Lengeh] (W R Howson); Percy Cox, Political Resident A senior ranking political representative (equivalent to a Consul General) from the diplomatic corps of the Government of India or one of its subordinate provincial governments, in charge of a Political Residency. in Persian Gulf Historically used by the British to refer to the sea area between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran. Often referred to as The Gulf or the Arabian Gulf. ; Arthur Prescott Trevor, Deputy Political Resident A senior ranking political representative (equivalent to a Consul General) from the diplomatic corps of the Government of India or one of its subordinate provincial governments, in charge of a Political Residency. in Persian Gulf Historically used by the British to refer to the sea area between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran. Often referred to as The Gulf or the Arabian Gulf. ; Foreign Secretary to the Government of India; Thomas William Holderness and Arthur Hirtzel, India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. ; War Office; Charles Hardinge, Viceroy of India; Walter Langley and Maurice de Bunsen, Foreign Office; War Office; George Buchanan, British Ambassador in Russia; Darya Begi; the American Embassy in London; the Adjutant General in India.

There is a letter in French, from the French Embassy in London; there is a translation of a newspaper article, from Jam-i-Jam.

Extent and format
1 volume (261 folios)
Arrangement

The papers are arranged in approximate chronological order from the rear to the front of the volume.

Physical characteristics

Foliation: the foliation sequence for this description commences at the inside front cover with 1, and terminates at the inside back cover with 263; these numbers are written in pencil, are circled, and are located in the top right corner of the recto The front of a sheet of paper or leaf, often abbreviated to 'r'. side of each folio.

Written in
English in Latin script
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File 3516/1914 Pt 14 'German War: Persia; general situation' [‎40v] (85/532), British Library: India Office Records and Private Papers, IOR/L/PS/10/490, in Qatar Digital Library <https://www.qdl.qa/archive/81055/vdc_100044312163.0x000056> [accessed 19 February 2020]

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