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File 3516/1914 Pt 14 'German War: Persia; general situation' [‎91v] (187/532)

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The record is made up of 1 volume (261 folios). It was created in 8 Aug 1915-30 Nov 1915. It was written in English. The original is part of the British Library: India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. Records and Private Papers.

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90
179
No. Cf. 362, dated Bushire, the 10th (received 18th) October 1915.
From—M ajor A. P. Trevor, C.I.E., Deputy Resident in the Persian Gulf Historically used by the British to refer to the sea area between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran. Often referred to as The Gulf or the Arabian Gulf. ,
To The Foreign Secretary to the Government of India in the Foreign and Political
Department.
With reference to the correspondence ending with your telegram
No. 1036 S. of to-day, regarding the occupation of Bushire, I have the honour
to forward herewith a copy of a despatch
Ho. cf. S5i, dated the loth October 1915 . I have sent to His Britannic Majesty’s
Minister at Tehran, giving an account of the occupation published by the
“ Jam-i-Jam ”, a Shiraz pro-German paper, subsidised by JLLerr Wassmuss.
Enclosure.
No. Cf. 351, dated Bushire, the 10th October 1915.
From— Major A. P. Trevor, C.I.E., Deputy Resident in the Persian Gulf Historically used by the British to refer to the sea area between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran. Often referred to as The Gulf or the Arabian Gulf. ,
To— C. M. Marling, Esq., C.B., C.M.G., His Britannic Majesty's Envoy Extra
ordinary and Minister Plenipotentiary, Tehran.
Occupation of Bushire—Extract from the “Jam-i-Jam”.
With reference to correspondence regarding the occupation of Bushire, I
have the honour to forward herewith a translation of an article in the
“ Jam-i-Jam ” describing the occupation ard the subsequent events.
It is interesting as showing the length the pro-German papers will go in
fabricating narratives of events and in falsifying facts.
Nothing in this account, however, quite comes up to the Berlin report
(published in the “Times” of September 6th) that we lost 2,000 casualties in
the occupation of Bushire. Of course, as a matter of fact, not a single shot was
fired.
Sub-Enclosure.
Translation of an article from the “Jam-i-Jam" entitled “The lamentable occurrences at
Bushire".
(The following is from a torn letter sent us by our Bushire correspondent,
which has reached us with great difficulty. It should be read by the Persians,
and even if they have no feelings for Islam, they should feersorry for their
fellow creatures and their humiliation. No century in history has ever seen
Persia in such humiliation.)
The lamentable occurrences at Bushire.
On Sunday morning, the 26th Eamazan (August 8th), a number of British
troops arrived at Bushire from the sea. Some of them went to the Customs
House, some to the Post Office and some to the Telegraph Office and took
possession thereof, and a proclamation was issued at noon of the same day by
the Residency A diplomatic office of the British Government established in the provinces and regions considered part of, or under the influence of, British India. stating that they occupied the town of Bushire in comnliance
with instructions from the Government of India, and that all the Government
Departments would be under the control of Major Trevor, who had been
ordered by the Government of India to govern Bushire on behalf of the said
Government, and that he, Major Trevor, was Governor of Bushire and Bushire
was under the occupation of the British Government.
. Muwaqqar-ud-Douleh, knowing as he did that he had inflicted what
misfortune hecouid on the people of Bushire, pretended sickness on that very
night of the 26th, and did not come out of his house. 3
The British troops occupied the Amiriyeh, which is the Government
House, some of them took up their abode at that place and the British flag

About this item

Content

The volume concerns the situation in south-western Persia during the First World War. The main focus is the British occupation of Bushire.

The volume covers:

  • Attack on British Consulate at Ispahan, which resulted in the wounding of the Consul and the death of one of the Sowars employed as escorts at the Consulate.
  • German activity in Persia; movements of German agents.
  • Turkish officers in Persia.
  • Possible Russian occupation of north-western Persia.
  • Attitude of Persian Government and situation at Tehran and in the rest of Persia.
  • Information suggesting that maps of Persia, Afghanistan and Mesopotamia were made available by the Germans to the Turks.
  • Rumoured arrest of British Consul at Shiraz.
  • Appointment of Darya Begi as Governor of Gulf Ports.
  • Alarm caused by advance of Russian troops.
  • Evacuation of British Consul from Kermanshah.
  • Arrest of British subjects from Shiraz.
  • Demands of Khans in return for the release of Shiraz prisoners.

The volume’s principal correspondents are: Charles Marling, British Minister at Tehran; British Consuls at Kerman (C T Ducat), Sistan and Kain (Francis Beville Pridaux), Isfahan (G Grahame), Khorasan, Yazd, Lingeh [Bandar Lengeh] (W R Howson); Percy Cox, Political Resident A senior ranking political representative (equivalent to a Consul General) from the diplomatic corps of the Government of India or one of its subordinate provincial governments, in charge of a Political Residency. in Persian Gulf Historically used by the British to refer to the sea area between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran. Often referred to as The Gulf or the Arabian Gulf. ; Arthur Prescott Trevor, Deputy Political Resident A senior ranking political representative (equivalent to a Consul General) from the diplomatic corps of the Government of India or one of its subordinate provincial governments, in charge of a Political Residency. in Persian Gulf Historically used by the British to refer to the sea area between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran. Often referred to as The Gulf or the Arabian Gulf. ; Foreign Secretary to the Government of India; Thomas William Holderness and Arthur Hirtzel, India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. ; War Office; Charles Hardinge, Viceroy of India; Walter Langley and Maurice de Bunsen, Foreign Office; War Office; George Buchanan, British Ambassador in Russia; Darya Begi; the American Embassy in London; the Adjutant General in India.

There is a letter in French, from the French Embassy in London; there is a translation of a newspaper article, from Jam-i-Jam.

Extent and format
1 volume (261 folios)
Arrangement

The papers are arranged in approximate chronological order from the rear to the front of the volume.

Physical characteristics

Foliation: the foliation sequence for this description commences at the inside front cover with 1, and terminates at the inside back cover with 263; these numbers are written in pencil, are circled, and are located in the top right corner of the recto The front of a sheet of paper or leaf, often abbreviated to 'r'. side of each folio.

Written in
English in Latin script
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File 3516/1914 Pt 14 'German War: Persia; general situation' [‎91v] (187/532), British Library: India Office Records and Private Papers, IOR/L/PS/10/490, in Qatar Digital Library <https://www.qdl.qa/archive/81055/vdc_100044312163.0x0000bc> [accessed 25 January 2020]

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