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File 3516/1914 Pt 6 'German War: Persia; general situation May-July 1915' [‎25r] (54/484)

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The record is made up of 1 volume (237 folios). It was created in 1 Apr 1915-16 Jul 1915. It was written in English. The original is part of the British Library: India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. Records and Private Papers.

Transcription

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From Sir P. Cox, Basra, \ 5th July, 1915.
(Addressed Foreign, repeated to Tehran and Bush ire for repetition
to Shiraz.)
Following is my No. 1398 B. of 4th to Simla and Tehran. This
recent attack on us at Bushire, winch has been long expected and planned
and of which Persian Government has had lull warning from time of
Listeman’s arrest, is indistinguishable from an act of war ; but I am aware
that it is not policy of Mis Majesty’s Government to treat it as such. 1
venture, however, as Resident [? Persian] Gulf, to urge that we should make
prompt use of incident both obUgatww-M** Persian Government -mcn^ver
abandoned their present attitude of veiled hostility and adopted- a really
neutral demeanour, and also to take active measures ourselves for preserva
tion of those interests in Pars and elsewhere which Persian Government is
unable or unwilling to protect.
In former direction I would urge that we present ultimatum on following
lines :—
(1.) That present Governor-General of Pars should be immediately
recalled and his recall publicly announced.
(T.) That gendarmes in Pars should be recalled forthwith to their duties
on road and that they should be withdrawn altogether from
Bushire-Borasjun section, which should be delivered charge of
Governor, Bushire, who will maintain guard from funds to be
supplied from Bushire Customs, under our supervision.
(3.) Arrest or recall of all [(lermans ?] from Pars.
(4.) Deposition and proclamation as outlaws of following local Khans :
Rais Ali Dilwari, Zair Takly of Tangistan, Sheikh [?J of Ohahkutah
and his son Mahomet who have been concerned in recent attack,
and removal of Ghazanfar-us-Sultaneh from Borasjun and
replacement by nominee agreeable to us; and expulsion from
Pars of Seyyid Murteza,4ie*44»ge disturbers of 1909 now concerned
with above.
Failing acceptance of these terms within 48 hours, and failing execution
within 10 days, we should assume control over Customs house, Bushire,
hold revenue, and dis [ ? ] despatch of merchandise* inland pending
compliance with above ultimatum.
As Resident 1 would further recommend, if military resources admit of
it, that we should send an armed recon imlssa nce to ra ze to wersof K han <d
Chahkutah at AhmadiyGvhanBf Borasjun at Borasjun. We should
also bombard Dilwar from seawards as we have done before.
I am confident if we were to control this action, and were to warn
friendly Khans of our intentions, latter would co-operate themselves in
interests of law and order, and settle affairs in Bushire hinterland in a way
conducive to our future interests. I’hey have, in fact, repeatedly offered to
do so.
For occupation of Bushire Custom house and action above recommended
it does not seem to me, as a layman, that garrison would need to be increased
temporarily by more than two regiments, one mountain battery, and two
squadrons of cavalry. Continued presence of man-of-war would be
necessary. .
As regards Germans, experience shows all rascally element m Bushire
hinterland*Zon side of German faction, and iiicapalih-'-;—i+o- bribes, how
ever great, has produced no results. It is possible, how r eyer, that failure
of attack on Bushire may alter situation, and that some of their recent friends
may now be ready to turn on Germans, as happened on ligris.

About this item

Content

The volume concerns events that happened in Persia and Balochistan, during the First World War. The main focus is measures to be taken in the event of Persia entering the War against Great Britain.

The volume covers:

The volume’s principal correspondents are: Charles Hardinge, Viceroy of India; Thomas William Holderness and Arthur Hirtzel, India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. ; Percy Cox, Political Resident A senior ranking political representative (equivalent to a Consul General) from the diplomatic corps of the Government of India or one of its subordinate provincial governments, in charge of a Political Residency. in Persian Gulf Historically used by the British to refer to the sea area between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran. Often referred to as The Gulf or the Arabian Gulf. ; Walter Gordon Neale, Assistant Resident in the Persian Gulf Historically used by the British to refer to the sea area between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran. Often referred to as The Gulf or the Arabian Gulf. ; Walter Beaupre Townley and Charles Marling, British Ministers at Tehran; W MacDouall, British Consul for Kermanshah; G Grahame, British Consul-General at Isfahan, Eyre Alexander Barby Wichart Crowe, Foreign Office; Edward Grey, Secretary of State for Foreign Affairs; John Nixon, General Officer Commanding, Force 'D', Basrah; the Admiralty; Imperial Bank of Persia; Anglo-Persian Oil Company; Strick, Scott and Co.

There is a newspaper cutting, from The Times .

Extent and format
1 volume (237 folios)
Arrangement

The papers are arranged in approximate chronological order from the rear to the front of the volume.

Physical characteristics

Foliation: the main foliation sequence (used for referencing) commences at the inside front cover with 1, and terminates at the inside back cover with 239; these numbers are written in pencil, are circled, and are located in the top right corner of the recto The front of a sheet of paper or leaf, often abbreviated to 'r'. side of each folio. An additional foliation sequence is present in parallel between ff 3-237; these numbers are also written in pencil, but are not circled.

Written in
English in Latin script
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File 3516/1914 Pt 6 'German War: Persia; general situation May-July 1915' [‎25r] (54/484), British Library: India Office Records and Private Papers, IOR/L/PS/10/483, in Qatar Digital Library <https://www.qdl.qa/archive/81055/vdc_100044353271.0x000037> [accessed 9 December 2019]

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