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File 3516/1914 Pt 17 'German War: Persia; general' [‎20r] (44/370)

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The record is made up of 1 volume (181 folios). It was created in 26 Oct 1915-06 Jan 1916. It was written in English. The original is part of the British Library: India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. Records and Private Papers.

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Telegram P tJ No. 81-D. S. ; dated the 23rd November 1915.
From—The Secretary to the Government of India in the Foreign and Political
Department, Delhi,
To—The IIonTle the Political Resident A senior ranking political representative (equivalent to a Consul General) from the diplomatic corps of the Government of India or one of its subordinate provincial governments, in charge of a Political Residency. in the Persian Gulf Historically used by the British to refer to the sea area between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran. Often referred to as The Gulf or the Arabian Gulf. , Basrah.
(Repeated to Deputy Political Resident A senior ranking political representative (equivalent to a Consul General) from the diplomatic corps of the Government of India or one of its subordinate provincial governments, in charge of a Political Residency. , Bushire.)
Following summary of news recently received from Tehran. Telegraphing
on 21st, Marling reported that Shah and Persian Government were genuinely
alarmed at situation to which German intrigues had brought country
and that the moment was favourable for discussion of terms for defensive
alliance between Persia and Entente, and for rapid negotiations, as counter
balance to vast and tempting promises held out by Germany. Marling pressed
Foreign Office strongly tor authority to conclude alliance on Persian terms, as
he considers chaotic condition of country must again eventually place the two
Powers in control of its destiny.
On 22nd Marling telegraphed that gendarmerie under Swedish officers had
attacked Persian Cossacks at Hamadan. Fate of Consul unknown Later he
telegraphed that gendarmerie was in open revolt under Swedes, and that they
were holding Kum in German interest and had cut wires. Persian Govern
ment indignant and waiting for definite declaration of our attitude. Unless
encouraged, the risk appeared to be that Persian Government would pretend
its hand had been forced and would go over to Germans.
Please inform us whether Marling is still communicating with you in
regard to Persian developments, and state whether interruption of central
Persian line makes us responsible for keeping you informed. Addressed Basrah ;
repeated Bushire
116
Telegram P., No. 715-C., dated the 23rd (received 24th) November 1915.
Prom—The Deputy Political Resident A senior ranking political representative (equivalent to a Consul General) from the diplomatic corps of the Government of India or one of its subordinate provincial governments, in charge of a Political Residency. in the Persian Gulf Historically used by the British to refer to the sea area between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran. Often referred to as The Gulf or the Arabian Gulf. , Bushire,
To—The Secretary to the Government of India in the Foreign and Political Depart
ment, Delhi.
(Sent to Tehran; repeated to Sir P. Cox and Foreign.)
Please see my telegram immediately preceding.
In regard to Major O’Connor’s message I beg to submit following obser
vations :—
A —X think that one can hardly say universally attributed”.
—The Germans were arrested on Persian soil for very good reason? since,
as shown by the correspondence sent to Foreign Department,
Government of India, with SirP. Cox’s letter of March 26th,
1915, they had abused its hospitality. Major O’Connor, his
telegrams 31 and 35, dated March 2nd and March 1th, 1915, him
self °recom mended the arrest of the Germans on Persian soil. In
fact it was a good move I think, the effect of which was only
spoilt by the unfortunate escape of Wassmuss. The matter was
in any case one for two Governments and not for local “ Com
mittees ” and Khans.
C —The occupation of Bushire was brought on four months after the
arrest of Germans by the outrages committed by hostile Khans.
As two of its objects were to secure punishment of the Khans
and removal of (their ?) colleague it was naturally especially
distasteful to these gentry, into whose hands Shiraz colony has
now fallen unfortunately.
2 ) The deportation of the rabid pro-Germans was a natural corollary
of the occupation of Bushire.

About this item

Content

The volume concerns the situation in Persia during the First World War. The main focus is the British and Russian attempt to influence the Shah and the Majlis deputies during the events that happened in November 1915.

The volume covers:

  • German funding to Swedish Gendarmerie.
  • Terms of proposed alliance between Persia and Germany.
  • German occupation of Yazd.
  • Occupation of Hamadan [Hamadān, Iran].
  • Situation at Suj-Bulak and Maragha, newspaper article from Kavkazskoe Slovo.
  • German activity.
  • Proposed despatch of Bakhtiari Khans to Ispahan and Kerman.
  • Protection of British consuls.
  • Suggested cabinet of Farman Farma (Prince Abdol-Hossein Farman Farma).
  • Proposed Council of Regency.
  • Russian victories in the North.
  • Persian Government's protests against advance of Russian troops in Tehran.
  • Relations of Darya Begi with the Khans of the hinterland.
  • Attitude of Turkish Minister.

The volume’s principal correspondents are: Esme Howard, British Ambassador in Sweden; George Buchanan, British Ambassador in Russia; Charles Marling, British Minister at Tehran; Charles Hardinge, Viceroy of India; Alfred Hamilton Grant, Foreign Secretary to the Government of India; British Consuls at Sistan and Kain (Francis Beville Pridaux), Kerman (C T Ducat), Khorasan (Thomas Wolseley Haig), Batoum (P Stevens), Shiraz (William Frederick Travers O'Connor); John Nixon, General Officer Commanding, Force 'D'; Foreign Office; Percy Cox, Political Resident A senior ranking political representative (equivalent to a Consul General) from the diplomatic corps of the Government of India or one of its subordinate provincial governments, in charge of a Political Residency. in Persian Gulf Historically used by the British to refer to the sea area between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran. Often referred to as The Gulf or the Arabian Gulf. ; Arthur Prescott Trevor, Deputy Political Resident A senior ranking political representative (equivalent to a Consul General) from the diplomatic corps of the Government of India or one of its subordinate provincial governments, in charge of a Political Residency. in Persian Gulf Historically used by the British to refer to the sea area between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran. Often referred to as The Gulf or the Arabian Gulf. ; Edward Grey, Secretary of State for Foreign Affairs.

Extent and format
1 volume (181 folios)
Arrangement

The papers are arranged in approximate chronological order from the rear to the front of the volume.

Physical characteristics

Foliation: the foliation sequence (used for referencing) commences at the inside front cover with 1, and terminates at the inside back cover with 183; these numbers are written in pencil, are circled, and are located in the top right corner of the recto The front of a sheet of paper or leaf, often abbreviated to 'r'. side of each folio.

Written in
English in Latin script
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File 3516/1914 Pt 17 'German War: Persia; general' [‎20r] (44/370), British Library: India Office Records and Private Papers, IOR/L/PS/10/492, in Qatar Digital Library <https://www.qdl.qa/archive/81055/vdc_100044356236.0x00002d> [accessed 15 November 2019]

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