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File 3516/1914 Pt 17 'German War: Persia; general' [‎59r] (122/370)

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The record is made up of 1 volume (181 folios). It was created in 26 Oct 1915-06 Jan 1916. It was written in English. The original is part of the British Library: India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. Records and Private Papers.

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99
’Telegram P., No. 128-C., dated (and received) the
Prom—His Britannic Majesty's Consul-General
General in Khorasan {vii Robat),
r ^° Secretary to the Government of India
Department, Delhi.
21st November 1915.
and Agent to the Governor-
in the Foreign and Political
In Russia one Jugendreich-Sehmidt is under trial for espionage. On his
person were found some documents addressed to one Bergmann and signed by
erman General Englehardt. Instructions were given in these papers to send
the answer to Kabul. I have been requested by the Court to enquire for their
information whether Bergmann is known and whether Englehardt is now in
Kabul. 1 think I may say I am not sure about the former, but that latter has
never been to Kabul. [ do not think that he is with Hiedermayer’s party, but
he may have been there in the employ of the Amir H
fn the list of German Agents found by Russians in Kain there is no men
tion of hum I think that directions are due to an anticipation which has been
disappointed by activities of the British and the Russians.
100
Telegram P. } No. 710-C., dated (and received) the 21st November 1915.
From—The Deputy Political Resident A senior ranking political representative (equivalent to a Consul General) from the diplomatic corps of the Government of India or one of its subordinate provincial governments, in charge of a Political Residency. in the Persian Gulf Historically used by the British to refer to the sea area between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran. Often referred to as The Gulf or the Arabian Gulf. , Bushire,
To—The Secretary to the Government of India in the Foreign and Political Depart
ment.
My last telegram. It appears from a letter from O’Connor that about 9 am.
November 10th an anonymous self-constituted “National Committee for the
protection of Independence of Persia ” delivered to O’Connor ultimatum giving
him thirty minutes to submit to the “ Provisional arrest of himself and the
British Colony and their despatch to Borasjun to be there detained for exchange
with German and Persian prisoners taken on Persian neutral territory by his
compatriots. As for women they can, if they wish remain in perfect security
at Shiraz or accompany you to Barasjun whence they will be sent under escort
to Bushire immediately.”
Failing acceptance with in thirty minutes houses of British would be
bombarded. Assistant Superintendent Smith would be held liable personally
if the telegraph installation was not handed over intact.
After arrival of British Colony in Borasjun as stated the men were handed
over to Tangistani Khans and in whose charge the prisoners are is not quite
clear. Mrs. Ferguson says Sheikh Husain but I have not received any letter
from him or anyone else.
In his letter O’Connor states that following are Khan’s conditions for the
release of prisoners :—
I. Return of all German and Persian prisoners taken on Persian soil
with their belongings.
II. Repayment of certain sums attached during occupation belonging
to Ghazanfar and Sheikh Husain.
Ill, Evacuation of Bushire, that is, the withdrawal of our troops from
there.
As regards No. II subject was referred to in my telegram No. 482-C.,
Ghazanfar’s money is intact here; about one quarter of Sheikh Husain’s money
was used to reimburse out-of-pocket loss caused to British subjects by raids
which his son led. The balance is here still. As it does not appear in the
ultimatum this condition has been apparently interpolated by the Khans.
I presume that these terms will be quite unacceptable. Mrs. Furguson
states, that to intensify the force of ultimatum Husain sent a message by her
demanding a reply by Wednesday, November 24th, or “ he would declare war on

About this item

Content

The volume concerns the situation in Persia during the First World War. The main focus is the British and Russian attempt to influence the Shah and the Majlis deputies during the events that happened in November 1915.

The volume covers:

  • German funding to Swedish Gendarmerie.
  • Terms of proposed alliance between Persia and Germany.
  • German occupation of Yazd.
  • Occupation of Hamadan [Hamadān, Iran].
  • Situation at Suj-Bulak and Maragha, newspaper article from Kavkazskoe Slovo.
  • German activity.
  • Proposed despatch of Bakhtiari Khans to Ispahan and Kerman.
  • Protection of British consuls.
  • Suggested cabinet of Farman Farma (Prince Abdol-Hossein Farman Farma).
  • Proposed Council of Regency.
  • Russian victories in the North.
  • Persian Government's protests against advance of Russian troops in Tehran.
  • Relations of Darya Begi with the Khans of the hinterland.
  • Attitude of Turkish Minister.

The volume’s principal correspondents are: Esme Howard, British Ambassador in Sweden; George Buchanan, British Ambassador in Russia; Charles Marling, British Minister at Tehran; Charles Hardinge, Viceroy of India; Alfred Hamilton Grant, Foreign Secretary to the Government of India; British Consuls at Sistan and Kain (Francis Beville Pridaux), Kerman (C T Ducat), Khorasan (Thomas Wolseley Haig), Batoum (P Stevens), Shiraz (William Frederick Travers O'Connor); John Nixon, General Officer Commanding, Force 'D'; Foreign Office; Percy Cox, Political Resident A senior ranking political representative (equivalent to a Consul General) from the diplomatic corps of the Government of India or one of its subordinate provincial governments, in charge of a Political Residency. in Persian Gulf Historically used by the British to refer to the sea area between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran. Often referred to as The Gulf or the Arabian Gulf. ; Arthur Prescott Trevor, Deputy Political Resident A senior ranking political representative (equivalent to a Consul General) from the diplomatic corps of the Government of India or one of its subordinate provincial governments, in charge of a Political Residency. in Persian Gulf Historically used by the British to refer to the sea area between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran. Often referred to as The Gulf or the Arabian Gulf. ; Edward Grey, Secretary of State for Foreign Affairs.

Extent and format
1 volume (181 folios)
Arrangement

The papers are arranged in approximate chronological order from the rear to the front of the volume.

Physical characteristics

Foliation: the foliation sequence (used for referencing) commences at the inside front cover with 1, and terminates at the inside back cover with 183; these numbers are written in pencil, are circled, and are located in the top right corner of the recto The front of a sheet of paper or leaf, often abbreviated to 'r'. side of each folio.

Written in
English in Latin script
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File 3516/1914 Pt 17 'German War: Persia; general' [‎59r] (122/370), British Library: India Office Records and Private Papers, IOR/L/PS/10/492, in Qatar Digital Library <https://www.qdl.qa/archive/81055/vdc_100044356236.0x00007b> [accessed 11 December 2019]

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