'Manuscript Journals.'

Mss Eur F377/1

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The record is made up of 1 volume (280 folios). It was created in 1812-1825. It was written in English. The original is part of the British Library: India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. Records and Private Papers.

About this record


This volume is Volume I (of two) of the manuscript travel journals of John Bax. The volume describes Bax's voyage from England to Bombay in 1812; travels in India in 1815-17; voyage and journey to Rusool Khyma [Ra's al-Khaymah] in Arabia, to Bushire in Persia, and through Shiraz, Isfahan, Kermansha [Kermanshah], and Bagdad [Baghdad] to Bussorah [Basra] in 1819-20; further voyage and journey to parts of India in 1821-22; voyage and journey from India to England via Egypt and several European countries in 1822-23; tours in England, Scotland and Wales, 1823-24; and journey from England to India via France, Germany, Hungary, Constantinople, Baghdad, Bussora [Basra], Bushire and the Persian Gulf Historically used by the British to refer to the sea area between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran. Often referred to as The Gulf or the Arabian Gulf. in 1824-25.

The volume includes regular entries recording positions of longitude and latitude; thermometer readings and climatic information; and tables of distances.

The journal records Bax's involvement as an observer in the expedition under the command of Major-General Sir William Grant Kerr 'to suppress the Joasmee [Āl Qawāsim] Pirates' at Ra's al-Khaymah in 1819. Bax briefly describes the landing of Kerr's force, preliminary exchanges, the numbers of casualties on both sides, and the entry of Kerr's troops into the fort and town, which they found deserted (folios 18-19).

From Ra's al-Khaymah Bax sailed to Bushire, and from there travelled into the interior of Persia, passing through Shiraz (where he discussed the action at Ra's al-Khaymah, the accounts of which were 'highly exaggerated', folio 23v), Isfahan, and Kermanshah. The journey included a visit to the ruins of Persepolis (folios 27-28). Bax then travelled to Baghdad and Basra, visited the ruins of Ctesiphon (folio 58), and returned by sea to Bombay via Bushire and Muscat (folios 64-65).

Extent and format
1 volume (280 folios)

The volume includes a table of contents on folio 9.

Physical characteristics

Foliation: this file consists of two physical volumes. The foliation sequence commences at the inside front cover of volume one (ff 1-282) and terminates at the inside back cover of volume two (ff 283-515); these numbers are written in pencil, are circled, and are located in the top right corner of the recto The front of a sheet of paper or leaf, often abbreviated to 'r'. side of each folio. An additional foliation sequence is present in parallel between ff 285-503; these numbers are also written in pencil and circled.

A previous foliation sequence, which is also circled, has been superseded and therefore crossed out.

Pagination: the file also contains an original handwritten pagination sequence.

Written in
English in Latin script

Archive information for this record

Access & Reference

Original held at
British Library: India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. Records and Private Papers
Access conditions


Archive reference
Mss Eur F377/1

History of this record

1812-1825 (CE, Gregorian)

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'Manuscript Journals.', British Library: India Office Records and Private Papers, Mss Eur F377/1, in Qatar Digital Library <https://www.qdl.qa/node/9433> [accessed 24 February 2020]

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