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File 3516/1914 Pt 18 'German War: Persia; general situation - 1916' [‎19r] (46/368)

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The record is made up of 1 volume (175 folios). It was created in 17 Nov 1915-18 Feb 1916. It was written in English and French. The original is part of the British Library: India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. Records and Private Papers.

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1
! 916
No. 904i0-W., dated Bombay Castle, the 22nd December 1915 (Confi'dential).
; -
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From—J. E. C. Jukes, Esq., Deputy Secretary to the Government of Bombay,
Political Department,
To—The Foreign Secretary to the Government of India in the Foreign and
Political Department.
In continuation of my telegram No. 8867-W., dated the 13th December
1915, I am directed to forward a copy of a letter No. 6237-M.-158, dated the
20th December 1915, furnishing a report of the result of the further examina
tion of the German subject Haji Ali.
2. I am to state that Governor in Council concurs in the opinion of the
Commissioner of Police, that II aji Ali should be returned to Jutogh, and to
request that the Government of India may be moved to issue orders for his
immediate return to that place.
Enclo. to Serial No. 1.
No. 6237-M.-15S, dated Bombay, the 20th December 1915.
From—S. M. Edwardes, Esq., C.V.O., C.S.I., I.C.S., Commissioner of Police,
Bombay,
To The Secretary to the Government of Bombay, Political Department.
In accordance with the instructions contained in Government endorsement
in the Political Department, No. 7467-W., dated the 26th October 1915,1 have the
honour to submit the result of the further examination of the German subject
Haji Ali. The information obtained is somewhat fragmentary. Haji Ali has
been closely questioned at frequent intervals but, though apparently quite
willing to impart to us any information that may be of interest, he is unable
to tell us anything more worthy of note.
(1) A man named Sorabji residing at Bunder Abbas is the agent for
Jamshidian, a Persian firm in the Gulf, and also the agent for the Hamburg-
American Line. He always reports to Wonkhause’s firm at Lingah commercial
and political intelligence from Bunder Abbas. Sorabji has frequently ex
pressed to Haji Ali very pro-German sentiments.
(2) An Indian Muhammadan named Mirza Abdulla alias Mirza Mohamed
Ali is a political agent A mid-ranking political representative (equivalent to a Consul) from the diplomatic corps of the Government of India or one of its subordinate provincial governments, in charge of a Political Agency. of Wassmuss. He resides generally either at Borasjun
or at Kazrum.
(3) Just at the time of the outbreak of war between Great Britain and
Turkey, Haji Ali met a man at a cafe at Lingah, who told him first that he was
a Turk and they conversed in Turkish. As Haji Ali speaks Turkish fluently
he noticed that his companion’s pronunciation was very foreign and he did
not believe him to be a Turk. On being challenged by Haji Ali^ he admitted
that he was a Greek. The Greek questioned Haji Ali about various political
movements in Lingah and about the feelings of the Persians towards the British
and the German Governments. When Haji Ali told him that he was not able
to answer these questions, the Greek asked him to take him to Wonkhause s
house. Haji Ali then took him to the firm, where he introduced him to the
' ■ ; * ^ Manager Mr. Mainke, a German. The Greek had a letter of introduction from
the German Consul of Shanghai. He left next day for Koweit, en route to
Basrah. He had an Indian Muhammadan as his servant, who accompanied
him all the way. He also told Haji Ali that he had been arrested at Karachi
and confined for 11 days before be came to Lingah.
Description of the Greek :—*
Age about 40, height about 5' 7", complexion fair, moustache -dark and
turning grey.
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Cited 14

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Content

The volume concerns the situation in Persia during the First World War. The main focus is the Persian protests against violation of their country's neutrality, British and Russian responses to Persian nationalism, and their attempts to influence the Shah and the Majlis deputies during the events that happened in November 1915.

The volume covers:

  • Advance of Russian troops on Kashan and Tehran.
  • Situation at Kermanshah between August and November 1915.
  • Dismissal of Swedish Commandment of Gendarmerie.
  • Persian Gendarmerie.
  • Arrest of the British Consul at Shiraz by Le Comité National pour la protection de l'Indépendance Persane in November 1915.
  • German and Turkish interests.
  • United States Minister at Tehran's attitude.
  • 'Report on the seizure of the Shiraz Colony' (ff 130-132).
  • Terms proposed by Khans for release of British prisoners at Shiraz.
  • Situation in Bushire.
  • British Consulate at Bunder Abbas moved to Kerman.
  • Kerman branch of Imperial Bank of Persia reported to have been looted.
  • Russian operations on the Caucasian and Persian fronts.
  • Report of Vice Consul on the evacuation of Hamadan.
  • Prisoners at Bushire and Shiraz.
  • Intercepted letter from Wilhelm Wassmuss to Helmuth Listemann, regarding British prisoners at Bushire.
  • Events in the provinces.
  • Capture of Turkish Ambassador at Tehran by the Russians.

The volume’s principal correspondents are: Charles Marling, British Minister at Tehran; Esme Howard, British Ambassador to Sweden; Bertie of Thame, British Ambassador to Italy; Mohtashem-es-Sultaneh, Persian Commissioner on the Turco-Persian Frontier; Alfred Hamilton Grant, Foreign Secretary to the Government of India; Percy Cox, Political Resident A senior ranking political representative (equivalent to a Consul General) from the diplomatic corps of the Government of India or one of its subordinate provincial governments, in charge of a Political Residency. in Persian Gulf Historically used by the British to refer to the sea area between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran. Often referred to as The Gulf or the Arabian Gulf. ; Arthur Prescott Trevor, Deputy Political Resident A senior ranking political representative (equivalent to a Consul General) from the diplomatic corps of the Government of India or one of its subordinate provincial governments, in charge of a Political Residency. in Persian Gulf Historically used by the British to refer to the sea area between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran. Often referred to as The Gulf or the Arabian Gulf. ; British Consuls at Yazd, Kerman (C T Ducat), Sistan and Kain (Francis Beville Pridaux), Batoum (P Stevens), Hamadan (N Patrick Cowan), Shiraz (William Frederick Trevors O'Connor) ; American Minister at Tehran; Arthur Hirtzel, India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. ; Edward Grey, Secretary of State for Foreign Affairs; Shaikh Hussein of Chahkutah; Imperial Bank of Persia.

There is a document in French, an ultimatum addressed to the British Consul at Shiraz by Le Comité National pour la protection de l'Indépendance Persane. There are newspaper extracts, from Jam-e Jam', Tazineh, Tiflisky Listok, and Hayat.

Extent and format
1 volume (175 folios)
Arrangement

The papers are arranged in approximate chronological order from the rear to the front of the volume.

Physical characteristics

Foliation: the foliation sequence (used for referencing) commences at the first folio with 1 and terminates at the last folio with 175; these numbers are written in pencil, are circled, and are located in the top right corner of the recto The front of a sheet of paper or leaf, often abbreviated to 'r'. side of each folio. The foliation sequence does not include the front and back covers, nor does it include the leading and ending flyleaves.

Written in
English and French in Latin script
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File 3516/1914 Pt 18 'German War: Persia; general situation - 1916' [‎19r] (46/368), British Library: India Office Records and Private Papers, IOR/L/PS/10/493, in Qatar Digital Library <https://www.qdl.qa/archive/81055/vdc_100044734590.0x00002f> [accessed 9 December 2019]

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