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File 3516/1914 Pt 18 'German War: Persia; general situation - 1916' [‎20r] (48/368)

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The record is made up of 1 volume (175 folios). It was created in 17 Nov 1915-18 Feb 1916. It was written in English and French. The original is part of the British Library: India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. Records and Private Papers.

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3
says that he was sure that Mahomed Ahmed Ishak Huda would be arrested
on his arrival in Bombay. Haji Ali was responsible for introducing this
man to Wassmuss, and Wassmuss wrote and thanked him for the intro
duction of so valuable a man.
(10) Haji Ali is of opinion that Persians going to the Gulf and coming to
India should be searched and carefully watched. He also considers that Indians
going to the Gulf become there very anti-British, as they are put up there by
different Indians engaged by the German Government for that purpose. The
Indians mentioned by him have been in the habit of dressing up on several
occasions in military uniform, sometimes as medical people and so of coming
into contact with the Indian Troops whom they agitate against the British
Government.
As regards item No. 9 above, we were able to trace Mahomed Ahmed
Ishak from the description given by Haji Ali. He comes to Bombay every year
ostensibly to purchase sugar, tea, cloth and other merchandise for despatch to
Lingah. He is known in Bombay under the name of “ Junab-e-Ali ”. A
telegram was despatched to the British Resident at Bunder Abbas about him.
He replied that the individual in question is decidedly anti-British and pro-
German. Mahomed Ahmed has been closely watched since Haji Ali revealed
to us his tendencies, but we have been unable to obtain any indication that he
has even exhibited his own political views, far less indulged in any political
activities since his arrival in Bombay. As watching him in this manner has
not led to the discovery, as I hoped it would, of possible political agents in
Bombay, it is a matter for consideration whether we should not either intern or
deport him on the strength of the information supplied by Haji Ali and the
British Resident at Bunder Abbas.
As regards Haji Ali himself, I would suggest that he should be returned
to Jutogh as early as possible. He is not a fit subject to he interned in His
Majesty’s House of Correction where the accommodation is most unsuitable for
European or semi-European political prisoners.
2
Telegram B., dated (and received) the 1st January 1916.
From—The Deputy Political Resident A senior ranking political representative (equivalent to a Consul General) from the diplomatic corps of the Government of India or one of its subordinate provincial governments, in charge of a Political Residency. in the Persian Gulf Historically used by the British to refer to the sea area between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran. Often referred to as The Gulf or the Arabian Gulf. , Bushirc,
To—The Secretary to the Government of India in the Foreign and Political Depart
ment, Delhi.
My telegram No. 772-C. An individual who left Kazerun five days ago
states—
(1) Kawam’s men had killed Major Ali Kuli Khan and about 120
gendarmes while Masud-ud-Dowleh and 72 of Kawam’s men had
been killed. Two mosques had been bombarded.
(2) He met Wassmuss accompanied by 22 riflemen at Konar-takteh.
(3) When passing through Borasjun he heard that the leading Mullahs
state that Kawam had got upper hand.
3
Telegram P., No. 1-F., dated the 3rd (received 4ith) January 1916.
From—His Britannic Majesty's Consul-General and Agent to the Governor-
General in Khorasan,
To*--The Secretary to the Government of India in the Foreign and Political Depart
ment, Delhi.
On January 1st 49 Hazaras left for Birjand and Sis tan from Meshed.

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Content

The volume concerns the situation in Persia during the First World War. The main focus is the Persian protests against violation of their country's neutrality, British and Russian responses to Persian nationalism, and their attempts to influence the Shah and the Majlis deputies during the events that happened in November 1915.

The volume covers:

  • Advance of Russian troops on Kashan and Tehran.
  • Situation at Kermanshah between August and November 1915.
  • Dismissal of Swedish Commandment of Gendarmerie.
  • Persian Gendarmerie.
  • Arrest of the British Consul at Shiraz by Le Comité National pour la protection de l'Indépendance Persane in November 1915.
  • German and Turkish interests.
  • United States Minister at Tehran's attitude.
  • 'Report on the seizure of the Shiraz Colony' (ff 130-132).
  • Terms proposed by Khans for release of British prisoners at Shiraz.
  • Situation in Bushire.
  • British Consulate at Bunder Abbas moved to Kerman.
  • Kerman branch of Imperial Bank of Persia reported to have been looted.
  • Russian operations on the Caucasian and Persian fronts.
  • Report of Vice Consul on the evacuation of Hamadan.
  • Prisoners at Bushire and Shiraz.
  • Intercepted letter from Wilhelm Wassmuss to Helmuth Listemann, regarding British prisoners at Bushire.
  • Events in the provinces.
  • Capture of Turkish Ambassador at Tehran by the Russians.

The volume’s principal correspondents are: Charles Marling, British Minister at Tehran; Esme Howard, British Ambassador to Sweden; Bertie of Thame, British Ambassador to Italy; Mohtashem-es-Sultaneh, Persian Commissioner on the Turco-Persian Frontier; Alfred Hamilton Grant, Foreign Secretary to the Government of India; Percy Cox, Political Resident A senior ranking political representative (equivalent to a Consul General) from the diplomatic corps of the Government of India or one of its subordinate provincial governments, in charge of a Political Residency. in Persian Gulf Historically used by the British to refer to the sea area between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran. Often referred to as The Gulf or the Arabian Gulf. ; Arthur Prescott Trevor, Deputy Political Resident A senior ranking political representative (equivalent to a Consul General) from the diplomatic corps of the Government of India or one of its subordinate provincial governments, in charge of a Political Residency. in Persian Gulf Historically used by the British to refer to the sea area between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran. Often referred to as The Gulf or the Arabian Gulf. ; British Consuls at Yazd, Kerman (C T Ducat), Sistan and Kain (Francis Beville Pridaux), Batoum (P Stevens), Hamadan (N Patrick Cowan), Shiraz (William Frederick Trevors O'Connor) ; American Minister at Tehran; Arthur Hirtzel, India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. ; Edward Grey, Secretary of State for Foreign Affairs; Shaikh Hussein of Chahkutah; Imperial Bank of Persia.

There is a document in French, an ultimatum addressed to the British Consul at Shiraz by Le Comité National pour la protection de l'Indépendance Persane. There are newspaper extracts, from Jam-e Jam', Tazineh, Tiflisky Listok, and Hayat.

Extent and format
1 volume (175 folios)
Arrangement

The papers are arranged in approximate chronological order from the rear to the front of the volume.

Physical characteristics

Foliation: the foliation sequence (used for referencing) commences at the first folio with 1 and terminates at the last folio with 175; these numbers are written in pencil, are circled, and are located in the top right corner of the recto The front of a sheet of paper or leaf, often abbreviated to 'r'. side of each folio. The foliation sequence does not include the front and back covers, nor does it include the leading and ending flyleaves.

Written in
English and French in Latin script
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File 3516/1914 Pt 18 'German War: Persia; general situation - 1916' [‎20r] (48/368), British Library: India Office Records and Private Papers, IOR/L/PS/10/493, in Qatar Digital Library <https://www.qdl.qa/archive/81055/vdc_100044734590.0x000031> [accessed 9 December 2019]

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