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File 3516/1914 Pt 18 'German War: Persia; general situation - 1916' [‎22v] (53/368)

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The record is made up of 1 volume (175 folios). It was created in 17 Nov 1915-18 Feb 1916. It was written in English and French. The original is part of the British Library: India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. Records and Private Papers.

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8
fnr 1 Comman<ll “S Troops informed mo same day that he had only harloy
for cavaly horses up to January 17th owing to threatened failure of Indian
contractor. Our 300 mules and 150 horses of Baluch Levies are starving Ae-
of Hifiri y parties of 20 soldiers under British officer were sent out to villages
Haidar Ah and Purdil Khan on evening of January 5th to search for "ram
stores and mount guard on them. All barley found will be brou-ht into camp
Scks into'tow Pr0 7 sest0 ^mmon in 3 or 4 days’ time all other holders of
I a +- d S 1768 , 110 ! 368 ta at arrangement will he effected in this way.
am entirely sceptical unless great pressure is exerted from Tehran. ^
Governor rf 6 Birj'anffi SUbjeCt baVe ^ ^ re ° eived by Deputy Go ' reraor fr 0“
peetively O^lOOand sJoXrtl ^ UP t0 • Iu ’ le 30tllare ^
All grain for Birjand as well as for Sistan has to be collected in Sistan
down^toVistan personally.‘h 686 St ° CkSl SUSS6St ShaUkat be immediatel y o^ed
GovernLnt to^rnor.° U Ca “ ^ m6 COpieS ° f ‘ eleSramS isSUed by reraiaa
19
Telegram P., No. 12-58, dated the 9th (received 10th) January 1916.
From—The Deputy Political Resident A senior ranking political representative (equivalent to a Consul General) from the diplomatic corps of the Government of India or one of its subordinate provincial governments, in charge of a Political Residency. in the Persian Gulf Historically used by the British to refer to the sea area between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran. Often referred to as The Gulf or the Arabian Gulf.
T °~ The D“Lt to De 1 ; e h i . (>0Ternment ° f India ^ ‘ he F ° rei »“ 1>0lit - 1
(Sent to Tehran, repeated Foreign and Basrah.)
FTease see my telegram No. 772-0.
TolntJ 116 C0Uri . er 7^° We ^ with letter returned and reported its delivery
KnwW 1 r ® cc . lve 1 u ,rotn . Coi ; sul at Bunder Abbas reports that Nizam-ul-MulV
ask nc l S S‘ m ' aW v amVed y® s 1 ! erda y at Bullder Al3 bas with a note of Kawani
£500 non T’ tail0 l, tr01 f U ,T- • 1Ie asks for 4 aiaxims with instructors
£of)0,00() m cash, and sufficient ammunition, 600,000 mauser presumably
7 m-m, 100,000 Mar ini Henry, kOO.OOO for gendarmerie pattern rifles
(8 m-m mauser). Also some dynamite and men to use it. Kawam is
suie he can defeat gendarmerie with this assistance. It is not clear what
the dynamite is for. It will be seen Kawam wants a good deal I have
^e epaphed to Bunder Abbas to verify the £50,000. I think that to start
t o0 000 tomans is enough. Available "here are the following arms and
fal^hn t 0 ^nff ° nsms l 0 A erS i an G . overnment : (1) -303 about 150,000 rounds.
1 ( u 1 lnauser i 05 rifles with some 90,000 rounds ammunition (3)
10 odo dn m ,? aU v? r a “ m “ nltl °n about 10,000 rounds. There are also about
Government.^ MartlM Henry aminumtio11 does not belong to Persian
_ Items (2) and (3) might be useful to Kawam. Item (1) is used bv Gover
nor s iiflemen and little could be spared. Possibly at Basrah there are some
r rpirrv 1 10n aY f a f b l e SIr P ; GoX " ou5d information on this
CtinTdm P uniWom n W ° Uld PCSSib,y be will “= to ™pply some
Telegram P., No. 5, dated the 9th (received 10th) January 1916.
From—His Britannic Majesty’s Minister, Tehran,
To-The SBcretary^tothe Government of India in the Foreign and Political Depart-
It is reported by Persian Government that Germans are recruiting a +
Kerman and have collected 700 to 800 men there. They are L,d to to
^spa lan. " o German officers Botticher and Mask were captured by llussians

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Content

The volume concerns the situation in Persia during the First World War. The main focus is the Persian protests against violation of their country's neutrality, British and Russian responses to Persian nationalism, and their attempts to influence the Shah and the Majlis deputies during the events that happened in November 1915.

The volume covers:

  • Advance of Russian troops on Kashan and Tehran.
  • Situation at Kermanshah between August and November 1915.
  • Dismissal of Swedish Commandment of Gendarmerie.
  • Persian Gendarmerie.
  • Arrest of the British Consul at Shiraz by Le Comité National pour la protection de l'Indépendance Persane in November 1915.
  • German and Turkish interests.
  • United States Minister at Tehran's attitude.
  • 'Report on the seizure of the Shiraz Colony' (ff 130-132).
  • Terms proposed by Khans for release of British prisoners at Shiraz.
  • Situation in Bushire.
  • British Consulate at Bunder Abbas moved to Kerman.
  • Kerman branch of Imperial Bank of Persia reported to have been looted.
  • Russian operations on the Caucasian and Persian fronts.
  • Report of Vice Consul on the evacuation of Hamadan.
  • Prisoners at Bushire and Shiraz.
  • Intercepted letter from Wilhelm Wassmuss to Helmuth Listemann, regarding British prisoners at Bushire.
  • Events in the provinces.
  • Capture of Turkish Ambassador at Tehran by the Russians.

The volume’s principal correspondents are: Charles Marling, British Minister at Tehran; Esme Howard, British Ambassador to Sweden; Bertie of Thame, British Ambassador to Italy; Mohtashem-es-Sultaneh, Persian Commissioner on the Turco-Persian Frontier; Alfred Hamilton Grant, Foreign Secretary to the Government of India; Percy Cox, Political Resident A senior ranking political representative (equivalent to a Consul General) from the diplomatic corps of the Government of India or one of its subordinate provincial governments, in charge of a Political Residency. in Persian Gulf Historically used by the British to refer to the sea area between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran. Often referred to as The Gulf or the Arabian Gulf. ; Arthur Prescott Trevor, Deputy Political Resident A senior ranking political representative (equivalent to a Consul General) from the diplomatic corps of the Government of India or one of its subordinate provincial governments, in charge of a Political Residency. in Persian Gulf Historically used by the British to refer to the sea area between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran. Often referred to as The Gulf or the Arabian Gulf. ; British Consuls at Yazd, Kerman (C T Ducat), Sistan and Kain (Francis Beville Pridaux), Batoum (P Stevens), Hamadan (N Patrick Cowan), Shiraz (William Frederick Trevors O'Connor) ; American Minister at Tehran; Arthur Hirtzel, India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. ; Edward Grey, Secretary of State for Foreign Affairs; Shaikh Hussein of Chahkutah; Imperial Bank of Persia.

There is a document in French, an ultimatum addressed to the British Consul at Shiraz by Le Comité National pour la protection de l'Indépendance Persane. There are newspaper extracts, from Jam-e Jam', Tazineh, Tiflisky Listok, and Hayat.

Extent and format
1 volume (175 folios)
Arrangement

The papers are arranged in approximate chronological order from the rear to the front of the volume.

Physical characteristics

Foliation: the foliation sequence (used for referencing) commences at the first folio with 1 and terminates at the last folio with 175; these numbers are written in pencil, are circled, and are located in the top right corner of the recto The front of a sheet of paper or leaf, often abbreviated to 'r'. side of each folio. The foliation sequence does not include the front and back covers, nor does it include the leading and ending flyleaves.

Written in
English and French in Latin script
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File 3516/1914 Pt 18 'German War: Persia; general situation - 1916' [‎22v] (53/368), British Library: India Office Records and Private Papers, IOR/L/PS/10/493, in Qatar Digital Library <https://www.qdl.qa/archive/81055/vdc_100044734590.0x000036> [accessed 9 December 2019]

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