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File 3516/1914 Pt 18 'German War: Persia; general situation - 1916' [‎55v] (119/368)

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The record is made up of 1 volume (175 folios). It was created in 17 Nov 1915-18 Feb 1916. It was written in English and French. The original is part of the British Library: India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. Records and Private Papers.

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2
Consecrate (Consequently ?) he has telegraphed to Tehran via Yezd and
Kerman, but has not yet received any orders except the wire received through
Darya 33egi. Gendarmerie have established a censorship on telegrams at
Shiraz.
He is trying to get Soulet to co-operate, and asks that specific instructions
will he sent.
Tone of the letter is very friendly and expresses great regret that incident
should have happened.
I beg to suggest that if Persian Government will send definite orders at
once to Kawa.a and Soulet I can get telegrams forwarded by special messenger.
I could send Kawam some ammunition also via Lingah, as previously arranged,
if thought advisable. r J °
I venture to suggest that telegram should direct co-operation in suppression
of Pars Gendarmerie, which might at the same time be declared disbanded
unless this has already been done. As the Committee is now heading all
telegrams “ In the name of His Imperial Majesty the Shah ” it seems advisable
, that His Majesty should intervene.
Sent to Tehran; repeated to India, Pasrah.
246
Telegram P., No. 169-D.S., dated the 22nd December 1915.
From—His Excellency the Viceroy (Foreign and Political Department), Delhi,
To—His Majesty's Secretary of State for India, London.
Afghanistan. On 11th December Amir accorded British Agent, Kabul, an
interview at which, with locked doors, His Majesty spoke very frankly. He
had, he said, received King-Emperor’s letter, as also my letter forwarding it
and was replying as regards part of it at once, but that question of the inc?ease
m his subsidy was still under his consideration and he would shortly reply
about this. He was considering all the difficulties he had had to face, greatly
disappointed at the amount of the increase, but he concluded by sayin^ tha*t
he was not a double dealer apd that the British Agent might assure Government
in plain and repeated terms that he was the true friend of the British Govern
ment and, so long as the internal interests of Afghanistan were not exposed to
danger, intended to maintain neutrality to the last.
247
Telegram R., No. 764.-C., dated (and received) the 22nd December 1915,
From—The Deputy Political Resident A senior ranking political representative (equivalent to a Consul General) from the diplomatic corps of the Government of India or one of its subordinate provincial governments, in charge of a Political Residency. in the Persian Gulf Historically used by the British to refer to the sea area between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran. Often referred to as The Gulf or the Arabian Gulf. , Bushire,
To—The Secretary to the Government of India in the Foreign and Political Depart
ment, Delhi r
Following from His Majesty’s Representative, Tehran, telegram No 391*
Begins. Your telegram No. 751-C. I approve. Ends.
No reply has been received from Khans but I gather from subsequent
letters that His Majesty s Consul, Shiraz, is better and that Doctor Azzopartv’s
report was unnecessarily alarming. ^
Sent to Tehran; repeated to Foreign and Basrah.
248
Telegram P., No. 554-F, dated the 22nd (received 23rd) December 1915.
Frcm—His Britannic Majesty's Minister, Tehran,
To—The S^retaryto the Government of India in the Foreign and Political Depart-
(Repeated to Petrograd and India.)
Please sec your telegram No. S47. Russian Minister and I feel
doubt as to what line in regard to Persian Government we should take.
some

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Content

The volume concerns the situation in Persia during the First World War. The main focus is the Persian protests against violation of their country's neutrality, British and Russian responses to Persian nationalism, and their attempts to influence the Shah and the Majlis deputies during the events that happened in November 1915.

The volume covers:

  • Advance of Russian troops on Kashan and Tehran.
  • Situation at Kermanshah between August and November 1915.
  • Dismissal of Swedish Commandment of Gendarmerie.
  • Persian Gendarmerie.
  • Arrest of the British Consul at Shiraz by Le Comité National pour la protection de l'Indépendance Persane in November 1915.
  • German and Turkish interests.
  • United States Minister at Tehran's attitude.
  • 'Report on the seizure of the Shiraz Colony' (ff 130-132).
  • Terms proposed by Khans for release of British prisoners at Shiraz.
  • Situation in Bushire.
  • British Consulate at Bunder Abbas moved to Kerman.
  • Kerman branch of Imperial Bank of Persia reported to have been looted.
  • Russian operations on the Caucasian and Persian fronts.
  • Report of Vice Consul on the evacuation of Hamadan.
  • Prisoners at Bushire and Shiraz.
  • Intercepted letter from Wilhelm Wassmuss to Helmuth Listemann, regarding British prisoners at Bushire.
  • Events in the provinces.
  • Capture of Turkish Ambassador at Tehran by the Russians.

The volume’s principal correspondents are: Charles Marling, British Minister at Tehran; Esme Howard, British Ambassador to Sweden; Bertie of Thame, British Ambassador to Italy; Mohtashem-es-Sultaneh, Persian Commissioner on the Turco-Persian Frontier; Alfred Hamilton Grant, Foreign Secretary to the Government of India; Percy Cox, Political Resident A senior ranking political representative (equivalent to a Consul General) from the diplomatic corps of the Government of India or one of its subordinate provincial governments, in charge of a Political Residency. in Persian Gulf Historically used by the British to refer to the sea area between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran. Often referred to as The Gulf or the Arabian Gulf. ; Arthur Prescott Trevor, Deputy Political Resident A senior ranking political representative (equivalent to a Consul General) from the diplomatic corps of the Government of India or one of its subordinate provincial governments, in charge of a Political Residency. in Persian Gulf Historically used by the British to refer to the sea area between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran. Often referred to as The Gulf or the Arabian Gulf. ; British Consuls at Yazd, Kerman (C T Ducat), Sistan and Kain (Francis Beville Pridaux), Batoum (P Stevens), Hamadan (N Patrick Cowan), Shiraz (William Frederick Trevors O'Connor) ; American Minister at Tehran; Arthur Hirtzel, India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. ; Edward Grey, Secretary of State for Foreign Affairs; Shaikh Hussein of Chahkutah; Imperial Bank of Persia.

There is a document in French, an ultimatum addressed to the British Consul at Shiraz by Le Comité National pour la protection de l'Indépendance Persane. There are newspaper extracts, from Jam-e Jam', Tazineh, Tiflisky Listok, and Hayat.

Extent and format
1 volume (175 folios)
Arrangement

The papers are arranged in approximate chronological order from the rear to the front of the volume.

Physical characteristics

Foliation: the foliation sequence (used for referencing) commences at the first folio with 1 and terminates at the last folio with 175; these numbers are written in pencil, are circled, and are located in the top right corner of the recto The front of a sheet of paper or leaf, often abbreviated to 'r'. side of each folio. The foliation sequence does not include the front and back covers, nor does it include the leading and ending flyleaves.

Written in
English and French in Latin script
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File 3516/1914 Pt 18 'German War: Persia; general situation - 1916' [‎55v] (119/368), British Library: India Office Records and Private Papers, IOR/L/PS/10/493, in Qatar Digital Library <https://www.qdl.qa/universal-viewer/81055/vdc_100044734590.0x000078> [accessed 16 December 2019]

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