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File 3516/1914 Pt 18 'German War: Persia; general situation - 1916' [‎56r] (120/368)

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The record is made up of 1 volume (175 folios). It was created in 17 Nov 1915-18 Feb 1916. It was written in English and French. The original is part of the British Library: India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. Records and Private Papers.

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Bussian Government and Government of India have expressed a preference
for an agreement for benevolent neutrality on the part oi: Persia—please see Pet-
ro^rad ttdegram No. 1856, and Government of India’s telegram No. HI (• *57)
D.^S—on the ground that Persia’s requirements were excessive; hut on the other
hand, while we have not carried on conversation any further at present, Inme
Minister’s suggestions for benevolent neutrality, both Shah and barman larma
desire to conclude alliance with us, nor except by intimating that Persia must
considerably abate her demands have we discouraged idea. Parman 1 a^mai
believe quite realises that with success of Pussian troops in north and e
good prospect that an advance towards Baghdad can be resumed short y
(according to last if rather meagre information I have from Sir P. Cox) ^ rlI ^ e
Minister’s terms would he quite out of place now and His Excellency would be
more modest in his terms. I feel fairly confident, for instance, that he w ould
omit suggestion of cession of holy places.
To bind Persian Government to some kind of formal agreement seems
necessary and it should he unquestionably of a positive not negative kind.
I w r ould recommend therefore that we aim not at benevolent neutrality but
at alliance and that Bussian Minister and I be authorised reopen question
privately with Barman Parma as prospective Prime Minister and endeavour to
ascertain what he w r ould put forward by way of conditions.
249
Telegram P., No. 160, dated the 23rd (received 24th) December 1915.
From--His Britannic Majesty’s Minister, Tehran,
To—The Secretary to the Government of India in the Foreign and Political Depart
ment, Delhi.
The following telegram is addressed to Foreign ; repeated to Meshed and
Sistan who should communicate information to Birjand
On the 6th December some Austrians with 30 loaded mules lelt tor labbas
from Ispahan.
250
Telegram R., No. 767-C., dated the 23rd (received 24th) December 1915.
p r0 m The Deputy Political Resident A senior ranking political representative (equivalent to a Consul General) from the diplomatic corps of the Government of India or one of its subordinate provincial governments, in charge of a Political Residency. in the Persian Gulf Historically used by the British to refer to the sea area between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran. Often referred to as The Gulf or the Arabian Gulf. ,
To The Secretary to the Government of India in the Foreign and Political
Department, Delhi.
Mv telegram No. 763-C., Postal Courier from Borasjun to-day reports
news received there that fighting between Kawam and Gendarmerie bad begun
and that all Gendarmerie m Borasiun bad hurried off to Shiraz to support their
comrades
It seems most urgent that Persian Government should send immediate
instructions to Soulet to co-operate with Kaw-am and do what they can to help
or at least encourage latter.
Sent to Tehran, repeated to Foreign and Basrah.
251
Telegram P., No. 398-F., dated the 23rd (received 24th) December 1915.
From—His Britannic Majesty’s Minister, Tehran,
To—The Secretary to the Government of India in the Foreign and Political Depart
ment, Delhi.
(Addressed to Bushire, repeated to London, Cox.)
Information has been received by Persian Government that attack has
been made on Gendarmerie by Kawam and Soulet is being urged strongly to
give him support.

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Content

The volume concerns the situation in Persia during the First World War. The main focus is the Persian protests against violation of their country's neutrality, British and Russian responses to Persian nationalism, and their attempts to influence the Shah and the Majlis deputies during the events that happened in November 1915.

The volume covers:

  • Advance of Russian troops on Kashan and Tehran.
  • Situation at Kermanshah between August and November 1915.
  • Dismissal of Swedish Commandment of Gendarmerie.
  • Persian Gendarmerie.
  • Arrest of the British Consul at Shiraz by Le Comité National pour la protection de l'Indépendance Persane in November 1915.
  • German and Turkish interests.
  • United States Minister at Tehran's attitude.
  • 'Report on the seizure of the Shiraz Colony' (ff 130-132).
  • Terms proposed by Khans for release of British prisoners at Shiraz.
  • Situation in Bushire.
  • British Consulate at Bunder Abbas moved to Kerman.
  • Kerman branch of Imperial Bank of Persia reported to have been looted.
  • Russian operations on the Caucasian and Persian fronts.
  • Report of Vice Consul on the evacuation of Hamadan.
  • Prisoners at Bushire and Shiraz.
  • Intercepted letter from Wilhelm Wassmuss to Helmuth Listemann, regarding British prisoners at Bushire.
  • Events in the provinces.
  • Capture of Turkish Ambassador at Tehran by the Russians.

The volume’s principal correspondents are: Charles Marling, British Minister at Tehran; Esme Howard, British Ambassador to Sweden; Bertie of Thame, British Ambassador to Italy; Mohtashem-es-Sultaneh, Persian Commissioner on the Turco-Persian Frontier; Alfred Hamilton Grant, Foreign Secretary to the Government of India; Percy Cox, Political Resident A senior ranking political representative (equivalent to a Consul General) from the diplomatic corps of the Government of India or one of its subordinate provincial governments, in charge of a Political Residency. in Persian Gulf Historically used by the British to refer to the sea area between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran. Often referred to as The Gulf or the Arabian Gulf. ; Arthur Prescott Trevor, Deputy Political Resident A senior ranking political representative (equivalent to a Consul General) from the diplomatic corps of the Government of India or one of its subordinate provincial governments, in charge of a Political Residency. in Persian Gulf Historically used by the British to refer to the sea area between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran. Often referred to as The Gulf or the Arabian Gulf. ; British Consuls at Yazd, Kerman (C T Ducat), Sistan and Kain (Francis Beville Pridaux), Batoum (P Stevens), Hamadan (N Patrick Cowan), Shiraz (William Frederick Trevors O'Connor) ; American Minister at Tehran; Arthur Hirtzel, India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. ; Edward Grey, Secretary of State for Foreign Affairs; Shaikh Hussein of Chahkutah; Imperial Bank of Persia.

There is a document in French, an ultimatum addressed to the British Consul at Shiraz by Le Comité National pour la protection de l'Indépendance Persane. There are newspaper extracts, from Jam-e Jam', Tazineh, Tiflisky Listok, and Hayat.

Extent and format
1 volume (175 folios)
Arrangement

The papers are arranged in approximate chronological order from the rear to the front of the volume.

Physical characteristics

Foliation: the foliation sequence (used for referencing) commences at the first folio with 1 and terminates at the last folio with 175; these numbers are written in pencil, are circled, and are located in the top right corner of the recto The front of a sheet of paper or leaf, often abbreviated to 'r'. side of each folio. The foliation sequence does not include the front and back covers, nor does it include the leading and ending flyleaves.

Written in
English and French in Latin script
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File 3516/1914 Pt 18 'German War: Persia; general situation - 1916' [‎56r] (120/368), British Library: India Office Records and Private Papers, IOR/L/PS/10/493, in Qatar Digital Library <https://www.qdl.qa/archive/81055/vdc_100044734590.0x000079> [accessed 9 December 2019]

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