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File 3516/1914 Pt 18 'German War: Persia; general situation - 1916' [‎58r] (124/368)

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The record is made up of 1 volume (175 folios). It was created in 17 Nov 1915-18 Feb 1916. It was written in English and French. The original is part of the British Library: India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. Records and Private Papers.

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7
This being so I would suggest that the whole of the first part of this letter
down to the word (< Persian Gulf Historically used by the British to refer to the sea area between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran. Often referred to as The Gulf or the Arabian Gulf. ” should be expunged by the censor, unless
our prisoners are enjoying all the privileges mentioned by Herr ^assmuss It
this is expunged the words for “here” and “on the points enumerated
should also be expunged.
Major O’Connor has suggested, and I tliink the suggestion is a good one.
that a report might be made as to the treatment of the German prisoners from
the Gulf and the Bushire deportees by some neutral person. 1 venture to
suggest that, if the Government of Bombay see no objection, the Amenean
Consul or some other Consul of a neutral power mot being an Englishman ol
course) might be asked to make a report with special reference to the points
enumerated by Herr Wassmuss.
It is hardly necessary to say that the position of Major O’Connor and his
seven companions in misfortune is a very uncomfortable and even precarious
one. If therefore it is possible to ameliorate it, or even to prevent it, being
made worse, by proof that the German and Persian prisoners from the Gult are
well treated, it appears most desirable that steps should be taken to procure
and produce such proof.
I may add that Shaikh Husain and Zair Khidhar in sending Herr Wass-
muss’ letter to me and one from themselves to the principal Persian prisoners at
Basrah, stated that if these letters were not sent and favourable replies received,
hey would cut off our communication with the prisoners.
These Khans have got into the habit now r -a-days of writing threatening
letters and very probably do not mean much, but as the lot of the prisoners
would be much harder if communication with Bushire were cut off, it seems
desirable to humour the Khans in this matter.
I venture to suggest, therefore, that the letter, after being duly censored,
mav be delivered to Dr. Listemann and a reply obtained as soon as possible,
together with a report by a neutral Consul. In order to avoid the necessity for
censoring Dr. Listemann’s letter by the military authorities here it would be
advisable that it should be in general terms, and this makes another reason toi
expunging the first part of Herr Wassmuss’ letter.
Annexure to enclo. to Serial Iso. 253.
Translation of a letter.
Dea.r Dr. Lisiemann,
More than 20 natives and Englishmen are here as prisoners up to the
present, they have been treated with the utmost consideration.
The w omen have been allowed to go free without further action, and have
o>one to Bushire, we have therefore expressed a hope that also the Persian
women and children who have been compelled to leave Bushire, will be allowed
to return there and also that Erau Eisenhut will be at liberty to return to
Germany, or to any place which she may herself chose.
The male prisoners enjoy the following privileges :
(1) They are allowed under supervision of the postal authorities to send
and to receive letters.
(2) They receive English papers to read.
(3) They have retained their own servants.
(4) In addition to the rations provided, they are allowed to obtain any
V ; food and drinks, which they desire, and to have them prepared
by their own cook.
(5) Other personal items, such as books, clothes and tobacco they may
V obtain according to their desires.

About this item

Content

The volume concerns the situation in Persia during the First World War. The main focus is the Persian protests against violation of their country's neutrality, British and Russian responses to Persian nationalism, and their attempts to influence the Shah and the Majlis deputies during the events that happened in November 1915.

The volume covers:

  • Advance of Russian troops on Kashan and Tehran.
  • Situation at Kermanshah between August and November 1915.
  • Dismissal of Swedish Commandment of Gendarmerie.
  • Persian Gendarmerie.
  • Arrest of the British Consul at Shiraz by Le Comité National pour la protection de l'Indépendance Persane in November 1915.
  • German and Turkish interests.
  • United States Minister at Tehran's attitude.
  • 'Report on the seizure of the Shiraz Colony' (ff 130-132).
  • Terms proposed by Khans for release of British prisoners at Shiraz.
  • Situation in Bushire.
  • British Consulate at Bunder Abbas moved to Kerman.
  • Kerman branch of Imperial Bank of Persia reported to have been looted.
  • Russian operations on the Caucasian and Persian fronts.
  • Report of Vice Consul on the evacuation of Hamadan.
  • Prisoners at Bushire and Shiraz.
  • Intercepted letter from Wilhelm Wassmuss to Helmuth Listemann, regarding British prisoners at Bushire.
  • Events in the provinces.
  • Capture of Turkish Ambassador at Tehran by the Russians.

The volume’s principal correspondents are: Charles Marling, British Minister at Tehran; Esme Howard, British Ambassador to Sweden; Bertie of Thame, British Ambassador to Italy; Mohtashem-es-Sultaneh, Persian Commissioner on the Turco-Persian Frontier; Alfred Hamilton Grant, Foreign Secretary to the Government of India; Percy Cox, Political Resident A senior ranking political representative (equivalent to a Consul General) from the diplomatic corps of the Government of India or one of its subordinate provincial governments, in charge of a Political Residency. in Persian Gulf Historically used by the British to refer to the sea area between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran. Often referred to as The Gulf or the Arabian Gulf. ; Arthur Prescott Trevor, Deputy Political Resident A senior ranking political representative (equivalent to a Consul General) from the diplomatic corps of the Government of India or one of its subordinate provincial governments, in charge of a Political Residency. in Persian Gulf Historically used by the British to refer to the sea area between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran. Often referred to as The Gulf or the Arabian Gulf. ; British Consuls at Yazd, Kerman (C T Ducat), Sistan and Kain (Francis Beville Pridaux), Batoum (P Stevens), Hamadan (N Patrick Cowan), Shiraz (William Frederick Trevors O'Connor) ; American Minister at Tehran; Arthur Hirtzel, India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. ; Edward Grey, Secretary of State for Foreign Affairs; Shaikh Hussein of Chahkutah; Imperial Bank of Persia.

There is a document in French, an ultimatum addressed to the British Consul at Shiraz by Le Comité National pour la protection de l'Indépendance Persane. There are newspaper extracts, from Jam-e Jam', Tazineh, Tiflisky Listok, and Hayat.

Extent and format
1 volume (175 folios)
Arrangement

The papers are arranged in approximate chronological order from the rear to the front of the volume.

Physical characteristics

Foliation: the foliation sequence (used for referencing) commences at the first folio with 1 and terminates at the last folio with 175; these numbers are written in pencil, are circled, and are located in the top right corner of the recto The front of a sheet of paper or leaf, often abbreviated to 'r'. side of each folio. The foliation sequence does not include the front and back covers, nor does it include the leading and ending flyleaves.

Written in
English and French in Latin script
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File 3516/1914 Pt 18 'German War: Persia; general situation - 1916' [‎58r] (124/368), British Library: India Office Records and Private Papers, IOR/L/PS/10/493, in Qatar Digital Library <https://www.qdl.qa/archive/81055/vdc_100044734590.0x00007d> [accessed 12 December 2019]

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