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File 3516/1914 Pt 18 'German War: Persia; general situation - 1916' [‎58v] (125/368)

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The record is made up of 1 volume (175 folios). It was created in 17 Nov 1915-18 Feb 1916. It was written in English and French. The original is part of the British Library: India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. Records and Private Papers.

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8
(6) Morning and afternoon they are allowed to go walking, and obtain
baths daily.
(7) No restraint whatsoever is placed on their communication with
one another.
There remains, therefore, to be confirmed whether equally good treatment
is being meted out to you and to the other Germans who have been taken
prisoners by infraction of International law and Persian Sovereignty in the
Persian Gulf Historically used by the British to refer to the sea area between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran. Often referred to as The Gulf or the Arabian Gulf. . As far as I can ascertain there are, apart, from yourself, the
following Germans :—
(1) Dr. Linders, who is a prisoner in Bunder Big.
(2) Mr. and Mrs. Eisenhut of Bushire.
(3) Mr Holst of Mohammerah.
(4) Mr. Helmig of Naseri.
(5) Mr. Harling of Bahrain.
I would ask you, on receipt of this letter, w T hich is being sent through the
British authorities, to get into communication with these gentlemen, and to
invite them to send a statement as to whether their treatment is on a pa?
with that of the English prisoners here or whether they have any complaints to
make on the points enumerated.
Please send your answer to me via Bushire, addressed to Ahram.
I trust that your present misfortunes are not arassing you over much
and that you will soon obtain your liberty again.
Please remember me cordially to the gentlemen named, especially Dr.
Linders.
Dated 4th December 1915.
I remain,
With best wishes,
Yours sincerely,
W. WASSMUSS.
254
No. Cf.-443, dated Bnshire, the 14th December 1915.
From—Major A. P. Trevor, C.I.E., Deputy Political Resident A senior ranking political representative (equivalent to a Consul General) from the diplomatic corps of the Government of India or one of its subordinate provincial governments, in charge of a Political Residency. , Persian Gulf Historically used by the British to refer to the sea area between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran. Often referred to as The Gulf or the Arabian Gulf. ,
To The Foreign Secretary to the Government of India in the Foreign and Political
Department.
With reference to the correspondence ending with my endorsement
No. Cf.-llO, dated 11th December 1915, I have the honour to forward herewith
for the information of the Government of India a copy of a despatch, which I
have addressed to His Majesty’s Minister at Tehran, forwarding draft telegram,
dated Ahram, 6th December 1915, which Major O’Connor sent to me for
despatch to him and the Government of India.
Enclo. to Serial No. 254.
PEfiCIS.
Situation in Fars—Telegram from Major O'Connor re Shiraz prisoners.
No. Cf.-442, dated Bushire, the 14th December 1915.
p rom —Major A. P. Trevor, Acting Consul-General, Bushire,
To M. C. Marling, Esq., C. B., C. M. G., His Britannic Majesty's Envoy Extra
ordinary and Minister Plenipotentiary, Tehran.
With reference to the correspondence ending with your telegram No. 383,
dated 4th December, I have the honour to forward, for your||information, a copy
of a draft telegram (dated Ahram, 6th December) which Major O’Connor
sent to me for despatch to you “ unless circumstances have arisen which
render its despatch unnecessary.”

About this item

Content

The volume concerns the situation in Persia during the First World War. The main focus is the Persian protests against violation of their country's neutrality, British and Russian responses to Persian nationalism, and their attempts to influence the Shah and the Majlis deputies during the events that happened in November 1915.

The volume covers:

  • Advance of Russian troops on Kashan and Tehran.
  • Situation at Kermanshah between August and November 1915.
  • Dismissal of Swedish Commandment of Gendarmerie.
  • Persian Gendarmerie.
  • Arrest of the British Consul at Shiraz by Le Comité National pour la protection de l'Indépendance Persane in November 1915.
  • German and Turkish interests.
  • United States Minister at Tehran's attitude.
  • 'Report on the seizure of the Shiraz Colony' (ff 130-132).
  • Terms proposed by Khans for release of British prisoners at Shiraz.
  • Situation in Bushire.
  • British Consulate at Bunder Abbas moved to Kerman.
  • Kerman branch of Imperial Bank of Persia reported to have been looted.
  • Russian operations on the Caucasian and Persian fronts.
  • Report of Vice Consul on the evacuation of Hamadan.
  • Prisoners at Bushire and Shiraz.
  • Intercepted letter from Wilhelm Wassmuss to Helmuth Listemann, regarding British prisoners at Bushire.
  • Events in the provinces.
  • Capture of Turkish Ambassador at Tehran by the Russians.

The volume’s principal correspondents are: Charles Marling, British Minister at Tehran; Esme Howard, British Ambassador to Sweden; Bertie of Thame, British Ambassador to Italy; Mohtashem-es-Sultaneh, Persian Commissioner on the Turco-Persian Frontier; Alfred Hamilton Grant, Foreign Secretary to the Government of India; Percy Cox, Political Resident A senior ranking political representative (equivalent to a Consul General) from the diplomatic corps of the Government of India or one of its subordinate provincial governments, in charge of a Political Residency. in Persian Gulf Historically used by the British to refer to the sea area between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran. Often referred to as The Gulf or the Arabian Gulf. ; Arthur Prescott Trevor, Deputy Political Resident A senior ranking political representative (equivalent to a Consul General) from the diplomatic corps of the Government of India or one of its subordinate provincial governments, in charge of a Political Residency. in Persian Gulf Historically used by the British to refer to the sea area between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran. Often referred to as The Gulf or the Arabian Gulf. ; British Consuls at Yazd, Kerman (C T Ducat), Sistan and Kain (Francis Beville Pridaux), Batoum (P Stevens), Hamadan (N Patrick Cowan), Shiraz (William Frederick Trevors O'Connor) ; American Minister at Tehran; Arthur Hirtzel, India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. ; Edward Grey, Secretary of State for Foreign Affairs; Shaikh Hussein of Chahkutah; Imperial Bank of Persia.

There is a document in French, an ultimatum addressed to the British Consul at Shiraz by Le Comité National pour la protection de l'Indépendance Persane. There are newspaper extracts, from Jam-e Jam', Tazineh, Tiflisky Listok, and Hayat.

Extent and format
1 volume (175 folios)
Arrangement

The papers are arranged in approximate chronological order from the rear to the front of the volume.

Physical characteristics

Foliation: the foliation sequence (used for referencing) commences at the first folio with 1 and terminates at the last folio with 175; these numbers are written in pencil, are circled, and are located in the top right corner of the recto The front of a sheet of paper or leaf, often abbreviated to 'r'. side of each folio. The foliation sequence does not include the front and back covers, nor does it include the leading and ending flyleaves.

Written in
English and French in Latin script
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File 3516/1914 Pt 18 'German War: Persia; general situation - 1916' [‎58v] (125/368), British Library: India Office Records and Private Papers, IOR/L/PS/10/493, in Qatar Digital Library <https://www.qdl.qa/archive/81055/vdc_100044734590.0x00007e> [accessed 12 December 2019]

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