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File 3516/1914 Pt 18 'German War: Persia; general situation - 1916' [‎59v] (127/368)

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The record is made up of 1 volume (175 folios). It was created in 17 Nov 1915-18 Feb 1916. It was written in English and French. The original is part of the British Library: India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. Records and Private Papers.

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10
256
Telegram No. 1391, dated the 22nd (received 23rd) December 1915.
From —Major A. P. Tiusvor, C.I.E., Deputy Political Resident A senior ranking political representative (equivalent to a Consul General) from the diplomatic corps of the Government of India or one of its subordinate provincial governments, in charge of a Political Residency. in the Persian Gulf Historically used by the British to refer to the sea area between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran. Often referred to as The Gulf or the Arabian Gulf. ,
Bushire,
To—The Secretary to the Government of India in the Foreign and Political Depart
ment, Delhi.
Your 3088-B. Begret omitted to mention that copy of my letter C.-439,
13th December, was sent to Foreign Department under my No. 0.-440, 14th
December.
Addressed Cox; repeated Foreign, and Political Bombay.
257
Telegram R., No. S098-B., dated (and received) the 23rd December 1915.
From—The Political Resident A senior ranking political representative (equivalent to a Consul General) from the diplomatic corps of the Government of India or one of its subordinate provincial governments, in charge of a Political Residency. in the Persian Gulf Historically used by the British to refer to the sea area between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran. Often referred to as The Gulf or the Arabian Gulf. ,
To—The Secretary to the Government of India in the Foreign and Political
Department, Delhi.
My telegram 3088-B. By same post as that which brought me Bushire
No. 439, I also received a letter from Trevor No. 432, enclosing a communica
tion from Sheikh Hussein of Ahmadi to certain Tangistani prisoners captured
at Bushire who are now under detention here.
Letter is on same lines as that from Wassmuss to Listemann. I have every
sympathy with British prisoners but the status of Wassmuss is that of a pirate
and that of Sheikh Hussein that of a rebel and according to my judgment
it is both inexpedient and undignified that we should have any such dealings
with them. I have laid both letters before Army Commander and he takes
same view and in so far as the custody of Tangistanis gives him concern in
matter he objects to delivery of Sheikh Hussein’s letter to Listemann and I am
of the opinion individual who sent it to Trevor should be informed that if ho
and Wassmuss wish to obtain information regarding treatment of interned
persons by British authorities it is open to them to move their Government
who are in a position to obtain it by recognised means.
Addressed to Foreign, repeated to Bushire.
258
Telegram P., No. 172-D. S., dated the 24th December 1915.
From—The Secretary to the Government of India in the Foreign and Political
Department, Delhi,
To—The Deputy Political Resident A senior ranking political representative (equivalent to a Consul General) from the diplomatic corps of the Government of India or one of its subordinate provincial governments, in charge of a Political Residency. in the Persian Gulf Historically used by the British to refer to the sea area between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran. Often referred to as The Gulf or the Arabian Gulf. , Bushire.
Agha Farrukh Shah. Please ascertain and report as soon as you can get
into communication with Ducat motives for and details of murder at
Kerman.
259
Telegram P., No. 175-D. S., dated the 24th December 1915.
From—The Secretary to the Government of India in the Foreign and Political
• Department, Delhi,
To—The Deputy Political Resident A senior ranking political representative (equivalent to a Consul General) from the diplomatic corps of the Government of India or one of its subordinate provincial governments, in charge of a Political Residency. in the Persian Gulf Historically used by the British to refer to the sea area between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran. Often referred to as The Gulf or the Arabian Gulf. , Bushire.
(Repeated to Tehran and addressed to Bushire.)
Please refer to your telegram No. 763-C. of 21st instant, and ascertain if
possible and report what funds from the various branches of the Imperial Bank
of Persia at Yezd, Shiraz, Kerman, etc., have fallen into the hands of the rebels
through seizure by them. The Head Office at Tehran might be in a position
to be able to furnish details.

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Content

The volume concerns the situation in Persia during the First World War. The main focus is the Persian protests against violation of their country's neutrality, British and Russian responses to Persian nationalism, and their attempts to influence the Shah and the Majlis deputies during the events that happened in November 1915.

The volume covers:

  • Advance of Russian troops on Kashan and Tehran.
  • Situation at Kermanshah between August and November 1915.
  • Dismissal of Swedish Commandment of Gendarmerie.
  • Persian Gendarmerie.
  • Arrest of the British Consul at Shiraz by Le Comité National pour la protection de l'Indépendance Persane in November 1915.
  • German and Turkish interests.
  • United States Minister at Tehran's attitude.
  • 'Report on the seizure of the Shiraz Colony' (ff 130-132).
  • Terms proposed by Khans for release of British prisoners at Shiraz.
  • Situation in Bushire.
  • British Consulate at Bunder Abbas moved to Kerman.
  • Kerman branch of Imperial Bank of Persia reported to have been looted.
  • Russian operations on the Caucasian and Persian fronts.
  • Report of Vice Consul on the evacuation of Hamadan.
  • Prisoners at Bushire and Shiraz.
  • Intercepted letter from Wilhelm Wassmuss to Helmuth Listemann, regarding British prisoners at Bushire.
  • Events in the provinces.
  • Capture of Turkish Ambassador at Tehran by the Russians.

The volume’s principal correspondents are: Charles Marling, British Minister at Tehran; Esme Howard, British Ambassador to Sweden; Bertie of Thame, British Ambassador to Italy; Mohtashem-es-Sultaneh, Persian Commissioner on the Turco-Persian Frontier; Alfred Hamilton Grant, Foreign Secretary to the Government of India; Percy Cox, Political Resident A senior ranking political representative (equivalent to a Consul General) from the diplomatic corps of the Government of India or one of its subordinate provincial governments, in charge of a Political Residency. in Persian Gulf Historically used by the British to refer to the sea area between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran. Often referred to as The Gulf or the Arabian Gulf. ; Arthur Prescott Trevor, Deputy Political Resident A senior ranking political representative (equivalent to a Consul General) from the diplomatic corps of the Government of India or one of its subordinate provincial governments, in charge of a Political Residency. in Persian Gulf Historically used by the British to refer to the sea area between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran. Often referred to as The Gulf or the Arabian Gulf. ; British Consuls at Yazd, Kerman (C T Ducat), Sistan and Kain (Francis Beville Pridaux), Batoum (P Stevens), Hamadan (N Patrick Cowan), Shiraz (William Frederick Trevors O'Connor) ; American Minister at Tehran; Arthur Hirtzel, India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. ; Edward Grey, Secretary of State for Foreign Affairs; Shaikh Hussein of Chahkutah; Imperial Bank of Persia.

There is a document in French, an ultimatum addressed to the British Consul at Shiraz by Le Comité National pour la protection de l'Indépendance Persane. There are newspaper extracts, from Jam-e Jam', Tazineh, Tiflisky Listok, and Hayat.

Extent and format
1 volume (175 folios)
Arrangement

The papers are arranged in approximate chronological order from the rear to the front of the volume.

Physical characteristics

Foliation: the foliation sequence (used for referencing) commences at the first folio with 1 and terminates at the last folio with 175; these numbers are written in pencil, are circled, and are located in the top right corner of the recto The front of a sheet of paper or leaf, often abbreviated to 'r'. side of each folio. The foliation sequence does not include the front and back covers, nor does it include the leading and ending flyleaves.

Written in
English and French in Latin script
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File 3516/1914 Pt 18 'German War: Persia; general situation - 1916' [‎59v] (127/368), British Library: India Office Records and Private Papers, IOR/L/PS/10/493, in Qatar Digital Library <https://www.qdl.qa/archive/81055/vdc_100044734590.0x000080> [accessed 10 December 2019]

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