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File 3516/1914 Pt 18 'German War: Persia; general situation - 1916' [‎90r] (190/368)

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The record is made up of 1 volume (175 folios). It was created in 17 Nov 1915-18 Feb 1916. It was written in English and French. The original is part of the British Library: India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. Records and Private Papers.

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5
225
No. Cf.-4-29, dated Bushire, the 7th (received 13th) December 1915.
Endorsed by Second Assistant to the Politicil Resident in the Persian Gulf Historically used by the British to refer to the sea area between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran. Often referred to as The Gulf or the Arabian Gulf. .
Forwarded to the Government of India in the Foreign and Political
Department, for information, in continuation of this office telegram No. 730-C.
dated the 1st December 1915.
1. Letter (in translation^ from Deputy Political Resident A senior ranking political representative (equivalent to a Consul General) from the diplomatic corps of the Government of India or one of its subordinate provincial governments, in charge of a Political Residency. , Bushire, to Shaikh Hussain
Chahkutaki, dated the 26th November 1915.
2. Letter (in translation) from Shaikh Hussain Chahkutahi and Zair Khidhar dated
the Muharram 23rd 1331 == 1st December 1915). '
S. Telegram from the Deputy Political Resident A senior ranking political representative (equivalent to a Consul General) from the diplomatic corps of the Government of India or one of its subordinate provincial governments, in charge of a Political Residency. , Bushire, to His Majesty's Minister.
Tehran, No. 14)5-1317, dated the 3rd December 1915.
4. Telegram from His Majesty’s Minister, Tehran, to Deputy Political Resident A senior ranking political representative (equivalent to a Consul General) from the diplomatic corps of the Government of India or one of its subordinate provincial governments, in charge of a Political Residency. , Bushire.
No. 383, dated the 4th December 1915.
5. Telegram from the Deputy Political Resident A senior ranking political representative (equivalent to a Consul General) from the diplomatic corps of the Government of India or one of its subordinate provincial governments, in charge of a Political Residency. , Bushire, to His Majesty’s Minister
Tehran, No. 739-C., dated the 5th December 1915.
Enclo. 1 to Serial No. 225.
Dated the 26th November 1915.
From— Majou A. P. Trevor, C.I.E., Deputy Political Resident A senior ranking political representative (equivalent to a Consul General) from the diplomatic corps of the Government of India or one of its subordinate provincial governments, in charge of a Political Residency. , Persian Gulf Historically used by the British to refer to the sea area between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran. Often referred to as The Gulf or the Arabian Gulf. ,
To —Shaikh Hussain Chahkutahi.
After compliments—1 have received yesterday your undated letter stating
that the prisoners are in your charge and that of Zair Khidhar Khan and that
you are able to dispose of them.
I am not sure whether the High Government will not want something
more definite from the Committee and the Gendarmerie, but we can wait
about that. I would merely remark that the two last terms you mention in
your letter were not mentioned by the Committee.
hat I write to ask now is would you be prepared to negotiate for the
prisoners separately or not. What I mean is that there are Mr. Ferguson
and Mr. Smith whose wives are here whose cases I should be glad to settle first
if possible, and also that of Mr. Pettigrew who has, I understand, a had leg
and so his case should be settled also quickly.
Please let me know about this point.
Also what about the 10 sowars, they have not done anyone any harm—
Would you be prepared to exchange them for an equal number of the persons
deported to Bombay, supposing that Government approved of my entering
into negotiations with you.
Usual ending.
Enclo. 2 to Serial No. 225.
Dated 23rd Muharram 1334 ( = lst December 1915).
From— Shaikh Hussain and Zair Khidhar,
To— Major A. P. Trevor, C.I.E., Deputy Political Resident A senior ranking political representative (equivalent to a Consul General) from the diplomatic corps of the Government of India or one of its subordinate provincial governments, in charge of a Political Residency. , Persian Gulf Historically used by the British to refer to the sea area between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran. Often referred to as The Gulf or the Arabian Gulf. .
Your esteemed letter intimating that you are willing to negotiate for the
exchange:of Mr. Ferguson, Mr. Smith and Mr. Pettigrew and 10 sowars who
are prisoners has been received and we have noted the contents.
Firstly, you should know for certain, in the first place, that we will take
no steps, which may be against the interests of all the nation, particularly
(the people of) Shiraz. Similarly, the Ulema and people of the place have
relied on every step taken by us, and confirm them as being in consonance
with expediency.
We are willing to exchange Mr. Pettigrew, whose leg is wounded, for
the German Doctor, and the 10 sowars and the other 4 Indians for the 14 men
taken prisoners and wounded in the fight. If you are willing please inform
us in reply.
*

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Content

The volume concerns the situation in Persia during the First World War. The main focus is the Persian protests against violation of their country's neutrality, British and Russian responses to Persian nationalism, and their attempts to influence the Shah and the Majlis deputies during the events that happened in November 1915.

The volume covers:

  • Advance of Russian troops on Kashan and Tehran.
  • Situation at Kermanshah between August and November 1915.
  • Dismissal of Swedish Commandment of Gendarmerie.
  • Persian Gendarmerie.
  • Arrest of the British Consul at Shiraz by Le Comité National pour la protection de l'Indépendance Persane in November 1915.
  • German and Turkish interests.
  • United States Minister at Tehran's attitude.
  • 'Report on the seizure of the Shiraz Colony' (ff 130-132).
  • Terms proposed by Khans for release of British prisoners at Shiraz.
  • Situation in Bushire.
  • British Consulate at Bunder Abbas moved to Kerman.
  • Kerman branch of Imperial Bank of Persia reported to have been looted.
  • Russian operations on the Caucasian and Persian fronts.
  • Report of Vice Consul on the evacuation of Hamadan.
  • Prisoners at Bushire and Shiraz.
  • Intercepted letter from Wilhelm Wassmuss to Helmuth Listemann, regarding British prisoners at Bushire.
  • Events in the provinces.
  • Capture of Turkish Ambassador at Tehran by the Russians.

The volume’s principal correspondents are: Charles Marling, British Minister at Tehran; Esme Howard, British Ambassador to Sweden; Bertie of Thame, British Ambassador to Italy; Mohtashem-es-Sultaneh, Persian Commissioner on the Turco-Persian Frontier; Alfred Hamilton Grant, Foreign Secretary to the Government of India; Percy Cox, Political Resident A senior ranking political representative (equivalent to a Consul General) from the diplomatic corps of the Government of India or one of its subordinate provincial governments, in charge of a Political Residency. in Persian Gulf Historically used by the British to refer to the sea area between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran. Often referred to as The Gulf or the Arabian Gulf. ; Arthur Prescott Trevor, Deputy Political Resident A senior ranking political representative (equivalent to a Consul General) from the diplomatic corps of the Government of India or one of its subordinate provincial governments, in charge of a Political Residency. in Persian Gulf Historically used by the British to refer to the sea area between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran. Often referred to as The Gulf or the Arabian Gulf. ; British Consuls at Yazd, Kerman (C T Ducat), Sistan and Kain (Francis Beville Pridaux), Batoum (P Stevens), Hamadan (N Patrick Cowan), Shiraz (William Frederick Trevors O'Connor) ; American Minister at Tehran; Arthur Hirtzel, India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. ; Edward Grey, Secretary of State for Foreign Affairs; Shaikh Hussein of Chahkutah; Imperial Bank of Persia.

There is a document in French, an ultimatum addressed to the British Consul at Shiraz by Le Comité National pour la protection de l'Indépendance Persane. There are newspaper extracts, from Jam-e Jam', Tazineh, Tiflisky Listok, and Hayat.

Extent and format
1 volume (175 folios)
Arrangement

The papers are arranged in approximate chronological order from the rear to the front of the volume.

Physical characteristics

Foliation: the foliation sequence (used for referencing) commences at the first folio with 1 and terminates at the last folio with 175; these numbers are written in pencil, are circled, and are located in the top right corner of the recto The front of a sheet of paper or leaf, often abbreviated to 'r'. side of each folio. The foliation sequence does not include the front and back covers, nor does it include the leading and ending flyleaves.

Written in
English and French in Latin script
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File 3516/1914 Pt 18 'German War: Persia; general situation - 1916' [‎90r] (190/368), British Library: India Office Records and Private Papers, IOR/L/PS/10/493, in Qatar Digital Library <https://www.qdl.qa/universal-viewer/81055/vdc_100044734590.0x0000bf> [accessed 16 December 2019]

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