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File 3516/1914 Pt 18 'German War: Persia; general situation - 1916' [‎91v] (193/368)

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The record is made up of 1 volume (175 folios). It was created in 17 Nov 1915-18 Feb 1916. It was written in English and French. The original is part of the British Library: India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. Records and Private Papers.

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8
*
Kasrishirin, Shah is preparing to leave. If, as seems probable enough, this
news is true only immediate despatch of reinforcements of at least equal
strength to Baratoff can maintain situation here.
230
Telegram P., Nn. 86-F., dated the 16th (received 17th) December 1915.
From—His Britannic Majesty’s Minister, Tehran,
To—The Secretary to the Government of India in the Foreign and Political
Department, Delhi.
(Addressed to Sistan; repeated India, Meshed, Bushire, Bnnder Abbas.)
See your telegram No. 3I-F.
From Kerman I have no news since December 11th when telegraphic
communication was suddenly cut, but in previous two or three days situation
had evidently (?) developed as Consul "was making arrangements for evacuation
of the place. His intention then was to make for Bunder Abbas, only Indo-
European Telegraph Department staff going to Bobat.
There was, I understand, only one German at Kerman, but he had active
assistance of gendarmerie and Karguzar and his force of Mujahids was too
strong for Governor’s Sowars whose ammunition was insufficient.
233
Telegram dated (and received) the 16th December 1915.
From—The Director, Persian Gulf Historically used by the British to refer to the sea area between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran. Often referred to as The Gulf or the Arabian Gulf. Section, Indo-European Telegraph Department,
Karachi,
To—The Secretary to the Government of India in the Foreign and Political Depart
ment, Delhi.
There was communication from Karachi to Tehran via Sistan and Meshed
for about 7 hours last night. No communication with Kerman.
234
Telegram P., No. 540-F., dated (he 16th (received 17th) December 1915.
From—His Majesty’s Minister, Tehran,
To—The Secretary to the Government of India in the Foreign and Political Depart
ment, Delhi.
The Shah appears to be reposing all his confidence in F. F. (Farman
Farma) and hopes (?) to be able to form Cabinet under His Highness which
would work for alliance provided that Bussian operations go well.
Persian official information denies report that Turkish troops are at Kasri
Shirin.
Bussian General Officer Commanding is at Hamad an. He expects to
receive instructions to send force in a day or tw r o to Kum.
235
Telegram P., No. 544-F., dated the 18th (received 19th) December 1915.
From—His Britannic Majesty’s Minister, Tehran,
To—The Secretary to the Government of India in the Foreign and Political Depart
ment, Delhi.
(Addressed to Foreign Office; sent to India, Petrograd.)
Your telegram 448.
Begency Council threatened proposed (?) would I fear be quite unworkable
in Persia where personal jealousies and intrigues outweigh all considerations
of public interest. Bussian Minister entirely agrees with me.

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Content

The volume concerns the situation in Persia during the First World War. The main focus is the Persian protests against violation of their country's neutrality, British and Russian responses to Persian nationalism, and their attempts to influence the Shah and the Majlis deputies during the events that happened in November 1915.

The volume covers:

  • Advance of Russian troops on Kashan and Tehran.
  • Situation at Kermanshah between August and November 1915.
  • Dismissal of Swedish Commandment of Gendarmerie.
  • Persian Gendarmerie.
  • Arrest of the British Consul at Shiraz by Le Comité National pour la protection de l'Indépendance Persane in November 1915.
  • German and Turkish interests.
  • United States Minister at Tehran's attitude.
  • 'Report on the seizure of the Shiraz Colony' (ff 130-132).
  • Terms proposed by Khans for release of British prisoners at Shiraz.
  • Situation in Bushire.
  • British Consulate at Bunder Abbas moved to Kerman.
  • Kerman branch of Imperial Bank of Persia reported to have been looted.
  • Russian operations on the Caucasian and Persian fronts.
  • Report of Vice Consul on the evacuation of Hamadan.
  • Prisoners at Bushire and Shiraz.
  • Intercepted letter from Wilhelm Wassmuss to Helmuth Listemann, regarding British prisoners at Bushire.
  • Events in the provinces.
  • Capture of Turkish Ambassador at Tehran by the Russians.

The volume’s principal correspondents are: Charles Marling, British Minister at Tehran; Esme Howard, British Ambassador to Sweden; Bertie of Thame, British Ambassador to Italy; Mohtashem-es-Sultaneh, Persian Commissioner on the Turco-Persian Frontier; Alfred Hamilton Grant, Foreign Secretary to the Government of India; Percy Cox, Political Resident A senior ranking political representative (equivalent to a Consul General) from the diplomatic corps of the Government of India or one of its subordinate provincial governments, in charge of a Political Residency. in Persian Gulf Historically used by the British to refer to the sea area between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran. Often referred to as The Gulf or the Arabian Gulf. ; Arthur Prescott Trevor, Deputy Political Resident A senior ranking political representative (equivalent to a Consul General) from the diplomatic corps of the Government of India or one of its subordinate provincial governments, in charge of a Political Residency. in Persian Gulf Historically used by the British to refer to the sea area between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran. Often referred to as The Gulf or the Arabian Gulf. ; British Consuls at Yazd, Kerman (C T Ducat), Sistan and Kain (Francis Beville Pridaux), Batoum (P Stevens), Hamadan (N Patrick Cowan), Shiraz (William Frederick Trevors O'Connor) ; American Minister at Tehran; Arthur Hirtzel, India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. ; Edward Grey, Secretary of State for Foreign Affairs; Shaikh Hussein of Chahkutah; Imperial Bank of Persia.

There is a document in French, an ultimatum addressed to the British Consul at Shiraz by Le Comité National pour la protection de l'Indépendance Persane. There are newspaper extracts, from Jam-e Jam', Tazineh, Tiflisky Listok, and Hayat.

Extent and format
1 volume (175 folios)
Arrangement

The papers are arranged in approximate chronological order from the rear to the front of the volume.

Physical characteristics

Foliation: the foliation sequence (used for referencing) commences at the first folio with 1 and terminates at the last folio with 175; these numbers are written in pencil, are circled, and are located in the top right corner of the recto The front of a sheet of paper or leaf, often abbreviated to 'r'. side of each folio. The foliation sequence does not include the front and back covers, nor does it include the leading and ending flyleaves.

Written in
English and French in Latin script
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File 3516/1914 Pt 18 'German War: Persia; general situation - 1916' [‎91v] (193/368), British Library: India Office Records and Private Papers, IOR/L/PS/10/493, in Qatar Digital Library <https://www.qdl.qa/archive/81055/vdc_100044734590.0x0000c2> [accessed 10 December 2019]

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