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File 3516/1914 Pt 18 'German War: Persia; general situation - 1916' [‎120r] (250/368)

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The record is made up of 1 volume (175 folios). It was created in 17 Nov 1915-18 Feb 1916. It was written in English and French. The original is part of the British Library: India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. Records and Private Papers.

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209
No. Cf.-411, dated Bushire, the 26th November (received 6th December)l9l5 (Confidential).
From— Major A. P. Trevor, C.I.E., Deputy Political Resident A senior ranking political representative (equivalent to a Consul General) from the diplomatic corps of the Government of India or one of its subordinate provincial governments, in charge of a Political Residency. , Persian Gulf Historically used by the British to refer to the sea area between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran. Often referred to as The Gulf or the Arabian Gulf. ,
To—The Foreign Secretary to the Government of India in the Foreign and Political
Department, Delhi.
With reference to the enclosure to my letter No. Cf.-404, dated 23rd
„ v in*,» November 1915, I have the honour to
forward herewith, for the information of
the Government of India, a copy of a despatch which I have sent to His
Majesty’s Minister, Tehran, on the subject of the attempt to revive the cry of
“ Jehad ” in the Bushire hinterland.
PRECIS.
Situation in Bushire hinterland—Revival of Jehad.
Enclo. to Serial No. 909;
No. Cf.-UO, dated Bushire, the 26th November 1915 (Confidential).
From— Major A. P. Tkevor, Acting Consul-General,
To—C M. Marling, Esq., C.B., C.M.G., His Britannic Majesty's Envoy Extra
ordinary and Minister Plenipotentiary, Tehran.
With reference to the remarks in my despatch No. Cf.-403, dated 23rd
November 1915, regarding the conduct of Shaikh Jaffar, I have the honour
to forward herewith a translation of an alleged “ fetwa ” issued by the Chief
Ecclesiastics of Nejaf, which he has printed and is circulating among the
friendly or neutral Khans, together with a decree issued by himself.
Two Saiyids were sent by Shaikh Jaffar to Angali to distribute these
decrees, and copies have been handed to us by Ahmad Khan of Angali. No
doubt the intention is to frighten the friendly and neutral Khans into joining
the hostile Khans.—Shaikh Jaffar’s own decree seems to be specially directed
against the Khans of Dashti, the Chief of whom has remained friendly.
Sub-Enclo. No. 1 of Serial No. 209.
The Decrees of the Emblems of God in the Holy Blaces and of His Reverence
Aqai Mirza.
Received by Ahmad Khan of Angali, November 22nd, 1915.
Question ashed of the Rontiffs of the Holy Blaces —
What do you decree in regard to the Muhammadans who at this juncture,
when the unbelievers and the followers of the Cross are attacking Muhammadan
countries, fail to carry on the defence and are co-operating with the invaders
with their properties and lives and by affording them other kinds of assistance ?
Do you consider these persons as Muhammadans and secure of their lives ?
Please send us an answer in accordance with the order of God.
Answer —Persons who assist the invaders with their lives, and properties,
or in showing them ways and giving them guidance, providing them with
supplies or arms and other kinds of assistance, are not Muhammadans according
to the law of Islam, and we consider that their blood should be shed and it is
incumbent upon Muhammadans to drive them out of the provinces of Muslims
and such countries as are occupied by them, and even kill them if possible.
• : "d on 13 J A. ^ \ ■ • A
IdDIA FOREIGN SECRETARY’S
Letter. No. 37 u
..-a
17 DEG 1915

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Content

The volume concerns the situation in Persia during the First World War. The main focus is the Persian protests against violation of their country's neutrality, British and Russian responses to Persian nationalism, and their attempts to influence the Shah and the Majlis deputies during the events that happened in November 1915.

The volume covers:

  • Advance of Russian troops on Kashan and Tehran.
  • Situation at Kermanshah between August and November 1915.
  • Dismissal of Swedish Commandment of Gendarmerie.
  • Persian Gendarmerie.
  • Arrest of the British Consul at Shiraz by Le Comité National pour la protection de l'Indépendance Persane in November 1915.
  • German and Turkish interests.
  • United States Minister at Tehran's attitude.
  • 'Report on the seizure of the Shiraz Colony' (ff 130-132).
  • Terms proposed by Khans for release of British prisoners at Shiraz.
  • Situation in Bushire.
  • British Consulate at Bunder Abbas moved to Kerman.
  • Kerman branch of Imperial Bank of Persia reported to have been looted.
  • Russian operations on the Caucasian and Persian fronts.
  • Report of Vice Consul on the evacuation of Hamadan.
  • Prisoners at Bushire and Shiraz.
  • Intercepted letter from Wilhelm Wassmuss to Helmuth Listemann, regarding British prisoners at Bushire.
  • Events in the provinces.
  • Capture of Turkish Ambassador at Tehran by the Russians.

The volume’s principal correspondents are: Charles Marling, British Minister at Tehran; Esme Howard, British Ambassador to Sweden; Bertie of Thame, British Ambassador to Italy; Mohtashem-es-Sultaneh, Persian Commissioner on the Turco-Persian Frontier; Alfred Hamilton Grant, Foreign Secretary to the Government of India; Percy Cox, Political Resident A senior ranking political representative (equivalent to a Consul General) from the diplomatic corps of the Government of India or one of its subordinate provincial governments, in charge of a Political Residency. in Persian Gulf Historically used by the British to refer to the sea area between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran. Often referred to as The Gulf or the Arabian Gulf. ; Arthur Prescott Trevor, Deputy Political Resident A senior ranking political representative (equivalent to a Consul General) from the diplomatic corps of the Government of India or one of its subordinate provincial governments, in charge of a Political Residency. in Persian Gulf Historically used by the British to refer to the sea area between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran. Often referred to as The Gulf or the Arabian Gulf. ; British Consuls at Yazd, Kerman (C T Ducat), Sistan and Kain (Francis Beville Pridaux), Batoum (P Stevens), Hamadan (N Patrick Cowan), Shiraz (William Frederick Trevors O'Connor) ; American Minister at Tehran; Arthur Hirtzel, India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. ; Edward Grey, Secretary of State for Foreign Affairs; Shaikh Hussein of Chahkutah; Imperial Bank of Persia.

There is a document in French, an ultimatum addressed to the British Consul at Shiraz by Le Comité National pour la protection de l'Indépendance Persane. There are newspaper extracts, from Jam-e Jam', Tazineh, Tiflisky Listok, and Hayat.

Extent and format
1 volume (175 folios)
Arrangement

The papers are arranged in approximate chronological order from the rear to the front of the volume.

Physical characteristics

Foliation: the foliation sequence (used for referencing) commences at the first folio with 1 and terminates at the last folio with 175; these numbers are written in pencil, are circled, and are located in the top right corner of the recto The front of a sheet of paper or leaf, often abbreviated to 'r'. side of each folio. The foliation sequence does not include the front and back covers, nor does it include the leading and ending flyleaves.

Written in
English and French in Latin script
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File 3516/1914 Pt 18 'German War: Persia; general situation - 1916' [‎120r] (250/368), British Library: India Office Records and Private Papers, IOR/L/PS/10/493, in Qatar Digital Library <https://www.qdl.qa/archive/81055/vdc_100044734591.0x000033> [accessed 8 December 2019]

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