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File 3516/1914 Pt 18 'German War: Persia; general situation - 1916' [‎121r] (252/368)

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The record is made up of 1 volume (175 folios). It was created in 17 Nov 1915-18 Feb 1916. It was written in English and French. The original is part of the British Library: India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. Records and Private Papers.

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The Persian Government and Ministers in the meantime sent appeals
that the Mujahidin might be restrained and refrain from carrying on the
defence with a view to arriving at a peaceful understanding, by which the
unbelievers would evacuate Bushire. For about two months in this way we
waited to use our forces for defence. Now we are despondent of the steps
taken by the Government to secure the desired results. In fact it has become
evident that the object of the unbelievers by these arrangements was to
weaken by intrigues the forces of the Mujahidin, and to increase their forces,
and strengthen their base of operations with a view to attacking the Muham
madans.
When this became clear to the Muslims, and they despaired of attaining
their end, and became convinced that the matter would prove contrary to
their desire (i,e., that there would be a further conquest on the part of the
unbelievers on Islam the (Mujahidin), in accordance with their duties to Islam
and the religious zeal, began to defend themselves.
Therefore, it is necessary that all Muhammadans, especially the Heads
and Chiefs of Dashti, who at the beginning took perfect steps to carry on
the defence and showed great bravery, should join the base of operations
and make unanimous attack to check, and remove the malice of, the unbe
lievers and help the religion of Muhammad (may God’s peace be on him and
his people) and assist the Quran, the heavenly and God’s Book, so that by
the blessing of the Imam of the age (may God hasten his advent) and through
the high efforts of the Mujahidin, this Muhammadan country may be guarded
from the malice of the foreigners, and that Persians may be released from
the oppression of the unbelievers and usurpers.
May God assist those who assist Islam, and help those who help the
religion and assist the protectors of Islam, and humiliate the unbelievers and
those hostile to Muhammad and his people.
213
Telegram R., No. 748-C., dated the 10th (received 11th) December 1915.
From—The Deputy Political Resident A senior ranking political representative (equivalent to a Consul General) from the diplomatic corps of the Government of India or one of its subordinate provincial governments, in charge of a Political Residency. in the Persian Gulf Historically used by the British to refer to the sea area between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran. Often referred to as The Gulf or the Arabian Gulf. , Bushire,
To—The Secretary to the Government of India in the Foreign and Political
Department, Delhi.
Last night raiding party of about 70 to 80 men sneaked through the
outpost lines unobserved and opened fire on reserve camp at Imamzadeh
about half mile from Sabzabad and also on the Residency A diplomatic office of the British Government established in the provinces and regions considered part of, or under the influence of, British India. . Not much damage
done. Raiders made off on being received with sharp fusillade. One sowar
was killed and one Indian sergeant of the Residency A diplomatic office of the British Government established in the provinces and regions considered part of, or under the influence of, British India. Guard wounded. Raid
was well planned and carried out: night was too dark for raiders to run much
risk of being hit.
Sent to Tehran; repeated to India, Sir P. Cox.
214
Telegram R., No. 749-C., dated (and received) the 12th December 1915.
From—The Deputy Political Resident A senior ranking political representative (equivalent to a Consul General) from the diplomatic corps of the Government of India or one of its subordinate provincial governments, in charge of a Political Residency. in the Persian Gulf Historically used by the British to refer to the sea area between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran. Often referred to as The Gulf or the Arabian Gulf. , Bushire,
To—The Secretary to the Government of India in the Foreign and Political Depart
ment, Delhi.
Your telegram No. 386. Governor seems to be reassured for the present.
At an interview yesterday he stated that he was by no means satisfied with
Laisser aller line of Persian Government and saw no good in merely sitting
here doing nothing.
On my remarking that by merely sitting here he was doing good he de
clared he would stay as long as we wished him to and leave when wre wanted.
He is of course very free with his promises but I do not think that he
will leave just now.

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Content

The volume concerns the situation in Persia during the First World War. The main focus is the Persian protests against violation of their country's neutrality, British and Russian responses to Persian nationalism, and their attempts to influence the Shah and the Majlis deputies during the events that happened in November 1915.

The volume covers:

  • Advance of Russian troops on Kashan and Tehran.
  • Situation at Kermanshah between August and November 1915.
  • Dismissal of Swedish Commandment of Gendarmerie.
  • Persian Gendarmerie.
  • Arrest of the British Consul at Shiraz by Le Comité National pour la protection de l'Indépendance Persane in November 1915.
  • German and Turkish interests.
  • United States Minister at Tehran's attitude.
  • 'Report on the seizure of the Shiraz Colony' (ff 130-132).
  • Terms proposed by Khans for release of British prisoners at Shiraz.
  • Situation in Bushire.
  • British Consulate at Bunder Abbas moved to Kerman.
  • Kerman branch of Imperial Bank of Persia reported to have been looted.
  • Russian operations on the Caucasian and Persian fronts.
  • Report of Vice Consul on the evacuation of Hamadan.
  • Prisoners at Bushire and Shiraz.
  • Intercepted letter from Wilhelm Wassmuss to Helmuth Listemann, regarding British prisoners at Bushire.
  • Events in the provinces.
  • Capture of Turkish Ambassador at Tehran by the Russians.

The volume’s principal correspondents are: Charles Marling, British Minister at Tehran; Esme Howard, British Ambassador to Sweden; Bertie of Thame, British Ambassador to Italy; Mohtashem-es-Sultaneh, Persian Commissioner on the Turco-Persian Frontier; Alfred Hamilton Grant, Foreign Secretary to the Government of India; Percy Cox, Political Resident A senior ranking political representative (equivalent to a Consul General) from the diplomatic corps of the Government of India or one of its subordinate provincial governments, in charge of a Political Residency. in Persian Gulf Historically used by the British to refer to the sea area between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran. Often referred to as The Gulf or the Arabian Gulf. ; Arthur Prescott Trevor, Deputy Political Resident A senior ranking political representative (equivalent to a Consul General) from the diplomatic corps of the Government of India or one of its subordinate provincial governments, in charge of a Political Residency. in Persian Gulf Historically used by the British to refer to the sea area between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran. Often referred to as The Gulf or the Arabian Gulf. ; British Consuls at Yazd, Kerman (C T Ducat), Sistan and Kain (Francis Beville Pridaux), Batoum (P Stevens), Hamadan (N Patrick Cowan), Shiraz (William Frederick Trevors O'Connor) ; American Minister at Tehran; Arthur Hirtzel, India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. ; Edward Grey, Secretary of State for Foreign Affairs; Shaikh Hussein of Chahkutah; Imperial Bank of Persia.

There is a document in French, an ultimatum addressed to the British Consul at Shiraz by Le Comité National pour la protection de l'Indépendance Persane. There are newspaper extracts, from Jam-e Jam', Tazineh, Tiflisky Listok, and Hayat.

Extent and format
1 volume (175 folios)
Arrangement

The papers are arranged in approximate chronological order from the rear to the front of the volume.

Physical characteristics

Foliation: the foliation sequence (used for referencing) commences at the first folio with 1 and terminates at the last folio with 175; these numbers are written in pencil, are circled, and are located in the top right corner of the recto The front of a sheet of paper or leaf, often abbreviated to 'r'. side of each folio. The foliation sequence does not include the front and back covers, nor does it include the leading and ending flyleaves.

Written in
English and French in Latin script
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File 3516/1914 Pt 18 'German War: Persia; general situation - 1916' [‎121r] (252/368), British Library: India Office Records and Private Papers, IOR/L/PS/10/493, in Qatar Digital Library <https://www.qdl.qa/archive/81055/vdc_100044734591.0x000035> [accessed 12 December 2019]

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