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File 4949/1912 Pt 5 Persian Gulf: Abu Musa oxide [‎2v] (4/592)

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The record is made up of 1 file (296 folios). It was created in 10 Feb 1909-13 Jan 1913. It was written in German, English and French. The original is part of the British Library: India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. Records and Private Papers.


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memorandum is inaccurate in stating that Sagar
granted to Salim the revenue of the island, in
cluding that derived from the mines, is not
warranted by the facts ; nor is it accurate to say,
as the German memorandum does, that “ Sakar in
his own account only speaks of having assigned to
Salim the amount of the rent of the oxide mines.”
Sheikh Sagar’s statement was as follows : “ Seeing
that Sheikh Salim had ceased not to complain
that the sum of 400 dollars was not sufficient for
his subsistence, I voluntarily set aside the amount
of this rent for him, that it might make up his
subsistence, so that the total of what came in to
him yearly might be 600 dollars as befoie, and
over, and that no cause of soreness might be left
to him on account of the paucity of his allowance.
I have absolutely not given him any deed in con
nection with the island nor in regard to the mines
therein ; all I did was to relinquish the income to
him in the way of financial assistance from me to
him, and it was done voluntarily and at my own
discretion ” (First British Memorandum, Appen
dix 5). The words “ I have absolutely not given
him any deed in connection with the island nor in
regard to the mines therein ' show clearly that
the word “ income” which follows refers not only
to the income irom the mines, but to the whole
income derived from the island. And Sheikh *
Salim states : “ You were kind enough to place
the island of Abu Musa under my supervision, so
that T might cultivate therein and leap from ii'
the means of subsistence” (First British Memo
randum, Appendix i). There can be no doubt
that Sheikh Sagar permitted Salim to enjoy all
revenue that might accrue from the island. In
practice the only substantial revenue was deii\ed
from the oxide mines ; the other sources of income
mentioned in the Second German Memorandum • ^
will be discussed later.
The question at issue being whether the island
of Abu Musa is the property of Sheikh Salim or
of Sheikh Sagar in his capacity as Sheikh of
Shargah, His Majesty’s Government brought
forward as evidence in support of their contention
declarations by both the suggested claimants,
each of whom stated in the clearest possible way
that the island is the property of Sheikh Sagar
(First British Memorandum, Appendices 1 and 5)
Evidence of so cogent and convincing a nature

About this item


The file is a direct chronological continuation of File 4949/1912 Pt 4 ‘Abu Musa – Angelegenheit. 1907.’ (IOR/L/PS/10/321), containing correspondence exchanged between the German Consulate at Buschär [Bushire] (Helmuth Listemann; Wilhelm Wassmuss) and others: the British Government; the Lingah [Bandar-e Lengeh] representative of the German firm Robert Wönckhaus and Company (Herr H Rosenfeld; Herr Krumpeter); the British Political Residency A diplomatic office of the British Government established in the provinces and regions considered part of, or under the influence of, British India. in the Persian Gulf Historically used by the British to refer to the sea area between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran. Often referred to as The Gulf or the Arabian Gulf. (Major Arthur Prescott Trevor; Lieutenant-Colonel Percy Zachariah Cox); the German Imperial Government.

The correspondence refers to a dispute over a concession for the mining and shipment of red oxide at Abū Mūsá, originally awarded to Arab merchants by Shaikh Sālim bin Sulṭān Āl Qāsimī of Sharjah in 1898, and part of which was subsequently acquired by Wönckhaus and Company in 1906. The dispute was sparked by the Ruler of Sharjah, Shaikh Ṣaqr bin Khālid Āl Qāsimī’s cancellation of the concession in 1907, and subsequent claims by Wönckhaus and Company and the German Government, over financial losses arising from the cancellation of the concession.

The majority of the file’s correspondence is in German. Official letters exchanged between the German Consul at Bushire and the British Political Resident A senior ranking political representative (equivalent to a Consul General) from the diplomatic corps of the Government of India or one of its subordinate provincial governments, in charge of a Political Residency. are in French.

Extent and format
1 file (296 folios)

The file’s contents are arranged in approximate chronological order, from the earliest item at the front to the latest at the end.

The subject 4949 (Abu Musa oxide) consists of six volumes, IOR/L/PS/10/318-323. The volumes are divided into six parts, with each part comprising one volume. Part 6 (IOR/L/PS/10/323) is missing.

Physical characteristics

Foliation: the foliation sequence (used for referencing) commences at the first folio with 1 and terminates at the last folio with 296; these numbers are written in pencil, and are located in the top right corner of the recto The front of a sheet of paper or leaf, often abbreviated to 'r'. side of each folio. An additional foliation sequence is present in parallel between ff 1-296; these numbers are printed.

Written in
German, English and French in Latin script
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File 4949/1912 Pt 5 Persian Gulf: Abu Musa oxide [‎2v] (4/592), British Library: India Office Records and Private Papers, IOR/L/PS/10/322, in Qatar Digital Library <> [accessed 22 November 2019]

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