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File 4949/1912 Pt 5 Persian Gulf: Abu Musa oxide [‎14v] (28/592)

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The record is made up of 1 file (296 folios). It was created in 10 Feb 1909-13 Jan 1913. It was written in German, English and French. The original is part of the British Library: India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. Records and Private Papers.


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ment being kept secret from the partners. This
letter also expressly recognises the possibility of
the cancellation of the contract by the partners,
if they considered it advisable.
When Malcolm did ultimately receive a copy
of the agreement in December 1906, the contract
was already six months old, and while he was still
considering what action to take the situation
was completely changed by the cancellation of the
concession bv the sheikh.
His Majesty’s Government do not dispute the p. 19
fact that Abdul Latif, on behalf of Esa, did not
object in 1905 to the sale of oxide to Wonckhaus
at a fixed price, but, as it is not suggested that the
contracts of that date contained the provisions to
which he did afterwards object, it does not
affect the present question. As regards his letter
of the 14th June, 1906 (First British Memorandum,
Appendix 12), His Majesty’s Government must
repeat that no weight can be attached to any
expression of approval (if such can be deduced
from the terms of the letter) given in ignorance of
the terms of the contract. The non-disclosure of
material terms would be held fatal by any
court in which it was sought to rely on any such
expressions of approval as constituting a ratifica
tion of the contract. And the letter expressly
warns Hassan against entering into any contract
which would give an outside party an excuse for
claiming rights in the island. Such warnings had
been given before, and Hassan had disclaimed any
intention of entering into such a contract. In
addition to the documents already quoted in this
connection, reference may be made to two letters
from Hassan to Abdul Latif, dated respectively
the 30th January, 1905, and the 5th July, 1906
(Appendix 23).
No doubt Hassan’s object was to conceal the
terms of the contract from his partners for as long
as possible, in order that when they were ulti
mately discovered he might be able to say that the
contract had been in operation so long that it was
impossible to go back on it.
When Abdul Latif had an opportunity of
examining the terms of the contract he objected
in the plainest terms, and announced his resolution
of cancelling the contract.
The German Government contend that the p
sentence in Abdul Latif’s letter of the 23rd
20 .

About this item


The file is a direct chronological continuation of File 4949/1912 Pt 4 ‘Abu Musa – Angelegenheit. 1907.’ (IOR/L/PS/10/321), containing correspondence exchanged between the German Consulate at Buschär [Bushire] (Helmuth Listemann; Wilhelm Wassmuss) and others: the British Government; the Lingah [Bandar-e Lengeh] representative of the German firm Robert Wönckhaus and Company (Herr H Rosenfeld; Herr Krumpeter); the British Political Residency A diplomatic office of the British Government established in the provinces and regions considered part of, or under the influence of, British India. in the Persian Gulf Historically used by the British to refer to the sea area between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran. Often referred to as The Gulf or the Arabian Gulf. (Major Arthur Prescott Trevor; Lieutenant-Colonel Percy Zachariah Cox); the German Imperial Government.

The correspondence refers to a dispute over a concession for the mining and shipment of red oxide at Abū Mūsá, originally awarded to Arab merchants by Shaikh Sālim bin Sulṭān Āl Qāsimī of Sharjah in 1898, and part of which was subsequently acquired by Wönckhaus and Company in 1906. The dispute was sparked by the Ruler of Sharjah, Shaikh Ṣaqr bin Khālid Āl Qāsimī’s cancellation of the concession in 1907, and subsequent claims by Wönckhaus and Company and the German Government, over financial losses arising from the cancellation of the concession.

The majority of the file’s correspondence is in German. Official letters exchanged between the German Consul at Bushire and the British Political Resident A senior ranking political representative (equivalent to a Consul General) from the diplomatic corps of the Government of India or one of its subordinate provincial governments, in charge of a Political Residency. are in French.

Extent and format
1 file (296 folios)

The file’s contents are arranged in approximate chronological order, from the earliest item at the front to the latest at the end.

The subject 4949 (Abu Musa oxide) consists of six volumes, IOR/L/PS/10/318-323. The volumes are divided into six parts, with each part comprising one volume. Part 6 (IOR/L/PS/10/323) is missing.

Physical characteristics

Foliation: the foliation sequence (used for referencing) commences at the first folio with 1 and terminates at the last folio with 296; these numbers are written in pencil, and are located in the top right corner of the recto The front of a sheet of paper or leaf, often abbreviated to 'r'. side of each folio. An additional foliation sequence is present in parallel between ff 1-296; these numbers are printed.

Written in
German, English and French in Latin script
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File 4949/1912 Pt 5 Persian Gulf: Abu Musa oxide [‎14v] (28/592), British Library: India Office Records and Private Papers, IOR/L/PS/10/322, in Qatar Digital Library <> [accessed 12 November 2019]

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