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Coll 17/15(2) 'Relations with Persia: Persia-Iraq frontier; Persia's claim in the Shatt-el-Arab' [‎4r] (18/1010)

The record is made up of 1 volume (502 folios). It was created in 21 Feb 1935-15 Jan 1936. It was written in English and French. The original is part of the British Library: India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. Records and Private Papers.


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PERSIA. November 28, 1935.
[E 6949/32/34]
Iraqi-Persian Boundary Question.
Narrative of Events, No. 5. Geneva, September 1935.— {Communicated by
Mr. Edmonds; Received in Foreign Office, November 28.)
AS recorded in my last narrative I returned from Tehran to Bagdad with
Nuri Pasha on the 28th August by air. I left again by air on the 3rd September,
reached London on the 7th September and Geneva on the 11th September.
Mr. Fachiri travelled to Geneva on the same day. Nuri Pasha with Nusrat
Beg A1 Farsi, Director-General of the Ministry for Foreign Affairs, had arrived
on the 9th September.
2. While the instructions for the Iraqi delegation to Geneva were under
consideration in Bagdad, I prepared for the Council of Ministers a short
memorandum on the case for Persian participation in a Conservancy Board
in the Shatt-el-Arab. A copy is attached as Appendix A, for convenience of
3. At Geneva direct negotiations were conducted with the Persians on the
following four subjects, which can best be discussed separately:—
{a) Formula for the adjournment of the Iraqi request.
{b) Tripartite Treaty of Non-Aggression, to include Turkey.
{c) Treaty for the Pacific Settlement of Disputes.
{d) Treaty of Friendship, to cover the boundary settlement.
Of these, of course, the Treaty of Friendship was the most important—indeed
the matter which took the delegation to Geneva; it will, however, be discussed last
since less progress was made with it than with the others.
(A)— The Adjournment.
4. On our arrival at Geneva we found that the Persian delegation was
sedulously spreading the impression that complete agreement had been reached
on the boundary question, and that the Iraqi request was being withdrawn.
M. Kazemi even told his own legal adviser, M. de Lapradelle, that a number of
treaties and agreements, including a navigation and conservancy convention,
had already been negotiated, and that it only remained for the legal advisers
of the two delegations to meet and put the texts in proper legal form.
5. On the 19th September Mr. Fachiri met M. de Lapradelle with a view
to composing a letter to the rapporteur asking for an adjournment. Mr. Fachiri
had prepared a draft (Appendix B( x )). M. de Lapradelle stated that the Persian
delegation would refuse absolutely to include the word c ‘ adjournment.’' Indeed
for some days the situation was in some way reminiscent of that at the January
session, when the rapporteur was unable to present a resolution at all because the
only sentence in his many drafts on which the parties could agree was : “ Pays a
tribute to the spirit of moderation and friendship shown by the two parties.”
M. Kazemi went as far as to allege that Nuri Pasha had promised the Shah to
withdraw the request, but collapsed under cross-examination.
6. Contact was established with the Italian delegation on the 19th
September, and a copy of Mr. Fachiri’s draft was sent to Baron Aloisi on the
20th September.
7. On the 24th September M. Kazemi produced a counter-draft
(Appendix B (ii)), which was objectionable in that it gave a misleading picture
of the actual state of the negotiations, and might cause some surprise to the
members of the Council if the request is again put on the agenda.
( l ) Not printed.
[565 ee—1] B

About this item


This volume is a continuation of Collection 17/5, and contains papers regarding negotiations between Persia [Iran] and Iraq at the League of Nations in 1935, mediated by Italian delegate Baron Pompeo Aloisi. The papers primarily consist of communications regarding the negotiations submitted to the Foreign Office by HM Ambassadors at Rome, Teheran and Baghdad, as well as comments by the India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. Political Department, the Admiralty, and representatives of the Governments of Persia, Iraq, and Italy.

The negotiations concerned the frontier line along the Shatt el-Arab, the possibility of granting a Persian anchorage at Abadan [Ābādān], the rights of Persian and British warships to traverse and refuel on the river, and the proposed establishment of a Conservancy Board. Following negotiations in Geneva, Rome and Tehran, the Persian and Iraqi Governments had practically agreed on three instruments: a pact of non-aggression, to be signed by Iraq, Persia and Turkey; a treaty for the peaceful settlement of international disputes between Persia and Iraq; and a treaty of friendship, which would settle the frontier question and establish the Conservancy Board.

In addition to the correspondence, the volume contains: documents circulated by the Council of the League of Nations; Reports on the Sessions of the Council submitted to the Foreign Office by C J Edmonds, Second Adviser to the Iraqi Ministry of Foreign Affairs; multiple drafts of the treaty of friendship and non-aggression treaties; and copies of notes exchanged by the Iraqi and Persian Ministers at the League of Nations. A number of these documents are written in French.

The volume includes a divider which gives a list of correspondence references contained in the volume by year. This is placed at the end of the correspondence (folio 1).

Extent and format
1 volume (502 folios)

The papers are arranged in rough chronological order from the rear to the front of the volume.

Physical characteristics

Foliation: the foliation sequence (used for referencing) commences at the first folio with 1 and terminates at the last folio with 498; these numbers are written in pencil, are circled, and are located in the top right corner of the recto The front of a sheet of paper or leaf, often abbreviated to 'r'. side of each folio. The foliation sequence does not include the front and back covers, nor does it include the leading and ending flyleaves. An additional foliation sequence is present in parallel between ff 1-498; these numbers are also written in pencil, but are not circled.

Written in
English and French in Latin script
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Coll 17/15(2) 'Relations with Persia: Persia-Iraq frontier; Persia's claim in the Shatt-el-Arab' [‎4r] (18/1010), British Library: India Office Records and Private Papers, IOR/L/PS/12/2870, in Qatar Digital Library <> [accessed 27 January 2020]

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