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Coll 17/15(2) 'Relations with Persia: Persia-Iraq frontier; Persia's claim in the Shatt-el-Arab' [‎4v] (19/1010)

The record is made up of 1 volume (502 folios). It was created in 21 Feb 1935-15 Jan 1936. It was written in English and French. The original is part of the British Library: India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. Records and Private Papers.


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0 ) Not printed.
. n 9 - f}l Qpntpmber the Persians agreed to sign the joint
8. Finally, on the 2oth P modified so as to substitute the words
letter as drafted by Mr. Fae , n t j me \i m it which it granted
“request you to ask the Council o ffend necessary steps to % e cur e
to us for the words reque^th^ y ^ in the rapporteur’s report (see
^ratr^To below). It wls agreed that it should be left to the ro VV orteu^
t0 P r°SigLl he ScadX e »iLunicated a tW—Ws draft report to the
oarties on the morning of the 27th September. The Iraqi delegation had no
difficulty accepting the draft as it stood. M. Kazenu insisted on an alteration
■of the last sentence w^ich originally ran : “In these—ces^ / «
meeting the desire of hath -parties by proposing that the Council should adjourn
the x he report (Appendix C) was adopted by the Council on the 28th
September.^ ^ of conversat i 0 n M. Kazemi had stated that he proposed
to make a speech at the Council meeting. Fie promised two or three days earlier,
to communicate a copy in advance to Nuri Pasha; the promise was not kept.
It seemed clear from his conversation that, haying failed to get a misleading
letter to the rapporteur, he proposed to give the impression in his speech that all
was settled. Nuri Pasha therefore prepared a short speech for use if necessary
(Appendix D( 1 )), and informed M. Kazemi accordingly. M. Kazemi then agreed
not to speak. The President of the Council seemed hardly to be able to believe
his ears when both the representatives stated they did not wish to speak, not
even to pay the regulation tribute to the rapporteur (which of course had been
paid in the joint letter).
(B)— The Non-A ggression Treaty.
12. I recorded in my narrative of events at Tehran (paragraphs 15-19)
that the Turkish Government had urged Iraq and Persia to settle their
differences as soon as possible in view of developments in the European situation,
and that the Persians had put forward a draft tripartite “Treaty of Friendship
and Security.” The idea was resumed at Geneva and negotiations were pushed
forward pari passu with those for the boundary settlement.
13. On the 19th September the Persian delegation communicated a draft
non-aggression treaty (Appendix EQ), which differed somewhat from that
communicated at Tehran (Tehran narrative, Appendix T).
14. In the meantime the Iraqi delegation had prepared a more elaborate
draft treaty of non-aggression and pacific settlement of disputes based on the
model treaty of non-aggression prepared by the Committee on Arbitration and
becurity in 1928 (League Document C.342.M.100.1928.IX, revised in Document
A.20 of 1928). This was communicated to the Persians on the 20th September
M. Kazemi in reply intimated that, since Persia already had a treaty of
pacific settlement with Turkey, he would prefer the two parts to be separate, the
first for signature as a tripartite treaty with Turkey, the second as a bilateral
instrument between Iraq and Persia. This was accordingly done. The resulting
short Iraqi draft non-aggression treaty is attached as Appendix F.( 3 )
^ j ^ e pf em ber, on the initiative of the Iraqi delegation, it was
auanged that from the 23rd September onwards the two delegations should meet
daily round the conference table with a view to agreeing on the texts of this and
nLLtef !r mg slmultan eously negotiated. M. Kazemi excused
some nro-'reT M iC* 3 ^ P e ™ anej \ t officials and legal advisers met and made
ITb Nn?f pkn M -*F r mi an k hlS ^legation failed to keep the tryst on the
deWatioT T M here /° re ’ addressed an indignant letter to M. Kazemi. The
25th § preSen t made some Progress on the morning of the
i iln bUt t ^ e P rsians . disappeared again in the afternoon M de Lanradelle
N the ^K and Mr ' Fach -1 on the evening of tK
Pafha & Cil ’ C ° ntmUed tlU late ° n the evening of ^ 28th, when Nun
somewhat inconsistent wit ^ Kazemi showed an almost hysterical desire,
th week to g“ethm" nHialfed^ rtn ^ at tke begll “ ing ° f
S omeunng initialled at Geneva; this desire, however, did not

About this item


This volume is a continuation of Collection 17/5, and contains papers regarding negotiations between Persia [Iran] and Iraq at the League of Nations in 1935, mediated by Italian delegate Baron Pompeo Aloisi. The papers primarily consist of communications regarding the negotiations submitted to the Foreign Office by HM Ambassadors at Rome, Teheran and Baghdad, as well as comments by the India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. Political Department, the Admiralty, and representatives of the Governments of Persia, Iraq, and Italy.

The negotiations concerned the frontier line along the Shatt el-Arab, the possibility of granting a Persian anchorage at Abadan [Ābādān], the rights of Persian and British warships to traverse and refuel on the river, and the proposed establishment of a Conservancy Board. Following negotiations in Geneva, Rome and Tehran, the Persian and Iraqi Governments had practically agreed on three instruments: a pact of non-aggression, to be signed by Iraq, Persia and Turkey; a treaty for the peaceful settlement of international disputes between Persia and Iraq; and a treaty of friendship, which would settle the frontier question and establish the Conservancy Board.

In addition to the correspondence, the volume contains: documents circulated by the Council of the League of Nations; Reports on the Sessions of the Council submitted to the Foreign Office by C J Edmonds, Second Adviser to the Iraqi Ministry of Foreign Affairs; multiple drafts of the treaty of friendship and non-aggression treaties; and copies of notes exchanged by the Iraqi and Persian Ministers at the League of Nations. A number of these documents are written in French.

The volume includes a divider which gives a list of correspondence references contained in the volume by year. This is placed at the end of the correspondence (folio 1).

Extent and format
1 volume (502 folios)

The papers are arranged in rough chronological order from the rear to the front of the volume.

Physical characteristics

Foliation: the foliation sequence (used for referencing) commences at the first folio with 1 and terminates at the last folio with 498; these numbers are written in pencil, are circled, and are located in the top right corner of the recto The front of a sheet of paper or leaf, often abbreviated to 'r'. side of each folio. The foliation sequence does not include the front and back covers, nor does it include the leading and ending flyleaves. An additional foliation sequence is present in parallel between ff 1-498; these numbers are also written in pencil, but are not circled.

Written in
English and French in Latin script
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Coll 17/15(2) 'Relations with Persia: Persia-Iraq frontier; Persia's claim in the Shatt-el-Arab' [‎4v] (19/1010), British Library: India Office Records and Private Papers, IOR/L/PS/12/2870, in Qatar Digital Library <> [accessed 29 March 2020]

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